So Cal mountain lions’ low genetic diversity threatens population – Davis Enterprise

Posted: July 1, 2017 at 4:45 pm

If a dangerously inbred puma population in Southern California is to survive in the future, an urgent need for genetic connectivity must be met, according to two scientific papers from a team of researchers coordinated by UC Davis and involving scientists at the University of Wyoming and the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.

The first paper, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science in May, reports that the puma population of about 20 adults in the Santa Ana Mountains has the lowest genetic diversity ever reported for pumas besides the Florida panther, which nearly went extinct from genetic causes. Read the journal report at

The pumas isolation is primarily due to surrounding urbanization from Los Angeles and San Diego.

The only hope for puma movements in and out of the Santa Ana Mountains is to cross I-15 an eight- to 10-lane interstate highway which poses a major barrier for pumas attempting to migrate between the Santa Ana Mountains and the rural Eastern Peninsular Mountains, said lead author Kyle Gustafson, a postdoctoral conservation geneticist from the University of Wyoming.

University of Wyoming researchers conducted genetic analyses of both radio-collared and uncollared pumas to develop a multigeneration pedigree. This showed where pumas and their offspring were born, and whether they successfully migrated and reproduced after crossing I-15, which separates the Santa Ana Mountains from other mountain ranges to the east.

The power of one Although seven males crossed I-15 over the past 20 years, only one male puma #86 (M86) was able to successfully produce offspring in the Santa Anas after migrating from the genetically diverse population to the east. By producing a total of 11 detected offspring, M86 rapidly disseminated unique genes into the inbred population, which reduced the level of inbreeding and significantly increased genetic diversity.

Unfortunately, M86 was hit by a car between 2014 and 2015, and more than half of his offspring are either now deceased or in captivity.

This is consistent with mortality rates we found previously in the region, said Winston Vickers, a wildlife veterinarian from UCDs Karen C. Drayer Wildlife Health Center who conducted most of the field research. Only one other migrant, named M119, remains in the Santa Ana Mountains, but whether he is alive or produced offspring is uncertain.

Senior author Holly Ernest, a wildlife population geneticist and research veterinarian at the University of Wyoming, said that by introducing new genetic material and raising the level of genetic diversity in this population, that single male mountain lion, M86, performed what amounts to a genetic rescue.

Our study also shows how quickly his genetics were lost by high mortality levels of his offspring, Ernest said. A message here is that this population needs help to regain healthy genetics and persist in the Southern California landscape. That help can come in the form of just a few individuals over time adding new blood to the population.

Connectivity is key The second paper, published in June in the journal PLOS ONE, provides a potential solution to this issue. In it, the researchers propose a conservation network for pumas spanning the Santa Ana Mountains and the Eastern Peninsular Mountains. Read the journal report at

Using genetic data and data from GPS radio-collared pumas, this analysis identified critical habitat patches, movement corridors, and key road crossing locations across I-15 that would allow pumas to persist and increase genetic diversity.

Without continued emigration into the Santa Ana Mountains by pumas coming from the east of I-15, eroding genetic diversity and continued inbreeding are expected to resume, said veterinarian Walter Boyce, co-director of the Wildlife Health Centers Southern California Mountain Lion Study with Vickers.

UC Davis News

So Cal mountain lions' low genetic diversity threatens population - Davis Enterprise

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