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Cryonics, brain preservation and the weird science of cheating death – CNET

Linda Chamberlain works just down the hallway from her husband. She walks past him every day. Occasionally she'll stop by to check in on him and say hello.

The only problem is, Fred Chamberlain has been dead for eight years. Shortly after he was pronounced legally dead from prostate cancer, Fred was cryopreserved -- his body was filled with a medical-grade antifreeze, cooled to minus 196 degrees Celsius and carefully lowered into a giant vat of liquid nitrogen.

So when Linda visits Fred, she talks to him through the insulated, stainless-steel wall of a 10-foot-tall preservation chamber. And he's not alone in there. Eight people reside in that massive cylinder along with him, and more than 170 are preserved in similar chambers in the same room. All of them elected to have their bodies stored in subzero temperatures, to await a future when they could be brought back to life. Cryonically preserved in the middle of the Arizona desert.

This story is part of Hacking the Apocalypse, CNET's documentary series on the tech saving us from the end of the world.

Linda Chamberlain is cheerful as she shows me her husband's perhaps-not-final resting place. She places her hand on the cool steel and gives it a loving pat. Being in a room with 170 dead people isn't morbid to her.

"It makes me feel happy," she says. "Because I know that they have the potential to be restored to life and health. And I have the potential of being with them again."

Alcor proclaims itself a world leader in cryonics, offering customers the chance to preserve their bodies indefinitely, until they can be restored to full health and function through medical discoveries that have yet to be made. For the low price of $220,000, Alcor is selling the chance to live a second life.

It's a slim chance.

Critics say cryonics is a pipe dream, no different from age-old chimeras like the fountain of youth. Scientists say there's no way to adequately preserve a human body or brain, and that the promise of bringing a dead brain back to life is thousands of years away.

But Alcor is still selling that chance. And ever since Linda and Fred Chamberlain founded the Alcor Life Extension Foundation back in 1972, Linda has watched Alcor's membership swell with more people wanting to take that chance. More than 1,300 people have now signed up to have their bodies sent to Alcor instead of the graveyard.

And when her time is up, Linda Chamberlain plans to join them.

Photographs of "patients" line the walls of Alcor's offices.

From the outside, Alcor's facilities don't look like the kind of place you'd come to live forever.

When I arrived at the company's headquarters, a nondescript office block in Scottsdale, Arizona, a short drive out of Phoenix, I expected something grander. After all, this is a place that's attempting to answer the question at the heart of human existence: Can we cheat death?

I've come here to find out why someone would choose cryonics. What drives someone to reject the natural order of life and death, and embrace an end that's seen by many, scientists and lay people alike, as the stuff of science fiction?

But after a short time at Alcor, I realize the true believers here don't see cryonics as a way to cheat death. They don't even see death as the end.

"Legal death only really means that your heart and your lungs have stopped functioning without intervention," Linda Chamberlain tells me. "It doesn't mean your cells are dead, it doesn't mean even your organs are dead."

Alcor refers to the people preserved in its facilities as "patients" for that very reason -- it doesn't consider them to be dead.

In Chamberlain's view, the idea of death as an "on-off switch" is outdated. People that died 100 years ago could well have been saved by modern medical interventions that we take for granted in the 21st century. So what about 100 years from now? Alcor hopes that by pressing pause on life, its patients might be revived when medical technology has improved.

"Our best estimates are that within 50 to 100 years, we will have the medical technologies needed to restore our patients to health and function," says Chamberlain.

We're killing people who could potentially be preserved. We're just throwing them in the ground so they can be eaten by worms and bacteria.

Alcor CEO Max More

Alcor CEO Max More agrees. In his view, cryonics is about giving people who die today a second chance. And he says our current views about death and burial are robbing people of a potential future.

"We're killing people who could potentially be preserved," More says. "We're just throwing them in the ground so they can be eaten by worms and bacteria, or we're burning them up. And to me, that's kind of crazy when we could give them a chance if they want it.

"If you think about life insurance, it's actually death insurance -- it pays out on death. This really is life insurance. It's a backup plan."

An early copy of Cryonics magazine sits in Alcor's offices, showing the inside of one of its preservation chambers.

Alcor hasn't exactly mapped out how its patients will be brought back to full function and health, or what revival technologies the future will bring. Its website speaks about the possibility of molecular nanotechnology -- that is, using microscopic nano-robots to "replace old damaged chromosomes with new ones in every cell."

But that level of cellular regeneration isn't something Alcor is working on. The company is in the business of selling preservation, but it's not developing the technologies for restoration. In fact, no one currently working at Alcor is likely to be responsible for reviving patients. That responsibility will be handed on to the next generation (and potentially many more generations after that) -- scientists of some undetermined time in the future, who will have developed the technology necessary to reverse the work that Alcor is doing now. It seems like a convenient gap for cryonics: Sell the promise in the present without the burden of proving the end result.

Our goal is to have reversible suspended animation, just like in the movies. We want it to be that perfect.

Alcor founder Linda Chamberlain

Chamberlain herself admits the future is ultimately unclear and that they "don't know how powerful the revival technologies are going to be." But she does know the end result Alcor is aiming for.

"Our goal is to have reversible suspended animation, just like in the movies," she says. "We want it to be that perfect. We're not there yet, but we're always working on improving our techniques."

The science behind cryonics is unproven. The procedures are highly experimental. No human -- specifically, no human brain -- has been brought back from death or from a state of postmortem preservation. Alcor points to research in worms and the organs of small mammals that it says indicates the potential for cryonics. There are famous names associated with the movement (Alcor admits famed baseballer Ted Williams is a patient), but there aren't exactly any human success stories who've awoken from cryonic preservation to hit the motivational speaking circuit.

James Bedford, the first man to enter cryonic suspension, according to Alcor. Bedford was preserved in a "cryocapsule" in 1967 (five years before Alcor was founded), before being transferred into Alcor's facilities in 1991.

Even More isn't making any promises. He acknowledges that the company may not even exist when it comes time for its patients to wake up.

"There are no guarantees," he says. "We're not promising to bring you back on May 27th, 2082, or whatever. We don't know officially this will work. We don't know for sure that the organization [Alcor] will survive... We don't know if an asteroid will land on us. There's no guarantees. But it's a shot. It's an opportunity. And it just seems to be better than the alternative."

The way the Alcor team sees it, you have a better chance of waking up from here than you do if you're sent to the crematorium.

One of the central questions of cryonics is how you preserve a dead body if you hope to revive it.

Even if they don't know exactly when or how patients will be brought back, the team at Alcor knows one thing is vital: They need to preserve as much of the brain and body as perfectly as possible.

While they may be clinically dead when they arrive in the operating room, Alcor's "patients" are intubated and kept on ice while a mechanical thumper (shown here on a dummy) keeps blood flowing around the body, all in a bid to preserve the body as thoroughly as possible.

That life-saving mortuary practice takes place inside Alcor's operating room -- a sort of hospital-meets-morgue where the organization prepares bodies for "long-term care."

When patients come through the doors at Alcor, they've already been pronounced legally dead. Ideally, they haven't had to travel far to get here and they've had their body put on ice as soon as possible after clinical death. According to Chamberlain, that hypothermia is vital for "slowing down the dying process." I didn't think I'd hear someone say that about a dead person.

During the first stages of cryonic preservation, bodies are "perfused" with a medical-grade antifreeze, all in a bid to prevent ice crystals forming. From here, the body vitrifies, rather than freezing.

(I also didn't expect to see a dead person in the operating room. At least, that's what I thought when I saw a human dummy waiting in the ice bath by the door. One of Alcor's employees picked up the dummy's hand to wave at me and I genuinely think that moment shortened my life span by two years.)

The ice bath is the first step in the preservation process, and it's here where the patient is placed in a kind of post-death life support. Drugs are administered to slow down metabolic processes, the body is intubated to maintain oxygen levels, and a mechanical thumper pumps the heart to ensure blood keeps flowing around the body.

The team then prepares the body to be cooled down to its permanent storage temperature. The blood is replaced with cryoprotectant (think of it like medical-grade antifreeze), which is pumped through the veins, all in a bid to (surprisingly) prevent the body freezing.

Freezing might sound like the natural end goal of cryopreservation, but it's actually incredibly damaging. Our bodies are made up of about 50 to 60% water, and when this water starts to freeze, it forms ice crystals which damage the body's organs and veins.

But if that water is replaced with cryoprotectant, Alcor says it can slowly reduce temperatures so the body vitrifies -- turning into a kind of glass-like state, rather than freezing. From here, the body is placed in a giant stainless steel chamber, known as a dewar. And Alcor says a cryopreserved body can be stored in this "long-term care" for decades.

I missed something when I first walked into the operating room. At the back, behind the ice bath and medical instruments (including surgical scissors and, chillingly, unexplained saws), there's a clear box, about the size of a milk crate, with a circular metal ring clamped inside.

It's a box for human heads.

This is designed for patients who've elected to preserve their head only, removed from the body from the collarbone up. These preserved heads are referred to as "neuro patients."

This small perspex box in the Alcor operating room is used to clamp human heads in place for cryopreservation.

If putting my whole body on ice was a bridge too far, then cutting off and preserving my head is beyond anything I can fathom. But it's a choice some of Alcor's patients make. The neuro patients are stored in small, barrel-sized vats while they wait for long-term care. The moment I lifted the lid on one of these vats -- nitrogen gas billowing out, human head obscured just inches below -- will stay with me forever.

Each preservation chamber can hold four bodies (positioned with the head at the bottom, to keep the brain as cool as possible) and five "neuro patients" stacked down the center.

It's cheaper if you elect to preserve just your head. Alcor charges only $80,000 for the head, compared with $220,000 for the full body. But there are also pragmatic reasons for choosing this more selective form of cryonic preservation.

When Alcor cryopreserves a body, the main priority is to preserve the brain and cause as little damage as possible. After all, the brain is not only the center of cognitive function, but also long-term memory. Essentially everything that makes you who you are.

You might be attached to your body now (both figuratively and literally), but many people at Alcor believe that, by the time medical science has advanced enough to bring a person back to life, their full body won't be needed. Whether you're regenerating a human body from DNA found in the head or uploading a person's consciousness to a new physical body, if we reach a point where cryonic preservation can be reversed, potentially hundreds of years in the future, your 20th or 21st century body will be outdated hardware.

That's certainly a view Linda Chamberlain takes. When she goes, only her head will stay.

"There's a lot of DNA in all that tissue and material," she says of the human head. "A new body can be grown for you from your own DNA. It's just a new, beautiful body that hasn't aged and hasn't had damage from disease."

In fact, when Chamberlain thinks of her future body, she doesn't want to limit herself to the kind of human form she has now.

"I hope that I won't have a biological body, but I'll have a body made out of nanobots," she tells me. "I can be as beautiful as I want to be. I won't be old anymore."

I hope that I won't have a biological body, but I'll have a body made out of nanobots.

Alcor founder Linda Chamberlain

I tell her she's already beautiful. She laughs.

"But if you have a nanobot swarm, it can reconfigure itself any way you want!" she replies, completely serious. "If I want to go swimming in the ocean, I have to worry about sharks. But after I have my nanobots body, if I want to go swimming in the ocean, I can just reconfigure myself to be like an orca, a killer whale. And then the sharks have to look out for me."

Waking up 100 years from now as a fully reconfigurable, shark-hunting nanobot orca sounds like fun.

But this kind of future is possible only if the process of going into cryonic preservation doesn't damage your brain. The brain is a staggeringly complex organ, and storing it at subzero temperatures for decades at a time has the potential to cause serious cellular damage.

And according to some scientists, that's the main issue with cryonics. Before you even get to the issue of reanimation, they say, cryonics doesn't come close to delivering on the promise of preservation.

Surgical instruments in Alcor's operating room.

Neuroscientist Ken Hayworth is one expert who's highly skeptical. Hayworth isn't opposed to preservation -- he was a member of Alcor before he left to found the Brain Preservation Foundation with the goal of building dialogue between cryonicists and the broader scientific community. He wants brain preservation to be a respected field of scientific study. And in 2010, he laid down a challenge to help build that credibility.

"[We] put out a very concrete challenge that said, 'Hey, cryonics community, prove to us that you can at least preserve those structures of the brain that neuroscience knows are critical to long-term memory, meaning the synaptic connectivity of the brain," he says.

"The cryonics community, unfortunately, has not met the bare minimum requirements of that prize."

Hayworth says he's seen examples of animal brains preserved using techniques very similar to what cryonics companies say they use, but the samples showed a significant number of dead cells.

"I take that to mean that there was probably a lot of damage to those structures that encode memory," he says. "It was like, 'We're looking at something that doesn't look right at all.'"

We're looking at something that doesn't look right at all.

Ken Hayworth

However, Hayworth has seen a technique that successfully preserved a brain so well that it was awarded the Brain Preservation Prizeby his foundation. This prize recognized a team of researchers for preserving synapses across the whole brain of a pig. But the technique, known as "aldehyde stabilized cryopreservation," has two limitations that differ from the promise of cryonics. Firstly, it requires the brain to be filled with gluteraldehyde, a kind of embalming fluid, which means the brain can never be revived. And secondly? It's a lethal process that needs to be conducted while a mammal is living.

"It almost instantly glues together all the proteins in the brain," says Hayworth. "Now you're as dead as a rock at that point. You ain't coming back. But the advantage of that is it glues all of them in position, it doesn't destroy information."

Retaining that information is vital because, according to Hayworth, it could allow you to re-create a person's mind in the future. Forget transplanting your head onto a new body. Hayworth says the information from a preserved brain could potentially be scanned and uploaded into another space, such as a computer, allowing you to live on as a simulation.

You might not be a walking, talking human like you once were. But, in Hayworth's view, that's not the only way to live again.

"I think there's plenty of reason to suspect that future technologies will be able to bring somebody back -- future technologies like brain scanning, and mind uploading and brain simulation."

Being preserved long enough (and well enough) that you can live on as a simulation may be one of the end goals that cryonicists hope to achieve.

But there are plenty of critics who say we won't reach that point anytime soon. They say there's no way to know whether cryonics adequately preserves the brain, because we don't fully understand how the mind works, let alone how to physically preserve its complexity.

Ken Miller is a professor of neuroscience and co-director of the Center for Theoretical Neuroscience at Columbia University in New York. He's spent his life trying to understand the complexity of the human brain.

"Some people say [the brain] is the most complicated thing in the universe," says Miller.

"The most basic answer to how the brain works is, we don't know. We know how a lot of pieces work ... but we're very far from understanding the system."

It's at least thousands of years before we would know and really understand how the brain works.

Ken Miller

According to Miller, while we know a lot about parts of the brain -- how the neurons function, how electrical signals travel to the brain -- the complete picture is still a mystery.

"In my opinion, it's at least thousands of years before we would know and really understand how the brain works to the point where you could take all the pieces ... and put it back together and make a mind out of it," says Miller.

"It's just the complexity. Levels and levels and levels and levels -- it's beyond the imagination."

And what if we reach that point? What if, a thousand years from now, science was capable of restoring my cryonically preserved brain and uploading it to some kind of simulator -- would I still be me?

Sitting in his office, I put the question to Miller. And in the kind of meta way that I've realized is normal when speaking to a professor of theoretical neuroscience, I see the cogs of his mind working. His brain, thinking about another brain, living on as a simulated brain. My brain is melting.

"I think so, but it's a funny question," he says. "Because of course, if it was all information that you got up into a computer... making something feel like Claire, we could have a million of them on a million different machines. And each of them would feel like Claire.

"But immediately, just like twins -- immediately, identical twins start having divergent experiences and becoming different people. And so all the different Claires would immediately start having different experiences and becoming different Claires."

Back in Arizona, with the vision of a million computerized versions of myself enslaving the human race far from my mind, the promise of cryonics still feels like a dream.

I'm walking through the long-term care room as waterfalls of fog cascade from the cryonic chambers. These dewars need to be regularly refilled with liquid nitrogen to make sure patients stay at the perfect temperature, and today's the day they're getting topped up.

As I slowly step through the fog, stainless steel chambers loom large around me. Visibility drops, so I can barely see my outstretched hand in front of my face. For just the tiniest moment, as my feet disappear beneath me and I'm surrounded by reflections on reflections of white vapor, I lose my bearings. I feel like I'm having an out-of-body experience.

Walking through Alcor's long-term preservation room is a surreal experience.

It lasts an instant and, just like that, I'm back in the room. Surrounded by 170 dead people.

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Cryonics, brain preservation and the weird science of cheating death - CNET

How "Unsolved Mysteries" Raised a Generation of Conspiracy Theorists – InsideHook

In 1987, people werent plugged in. There was no Reddit, no Twitter. This made the spread of information and with it, misinformation a much more difficult proposition. Pizzagate would have sounded like a Dominos giveaway, and even entertaining ideas like UFOs would make most of your friends think you were a crackpot. There were no basketball stars talking about their belief in the earth being flat; pop stars werent talking about chemtrails.

That was all before Unsolved Mysteries.

Long the stuff of shortwave radio and underground newsletters, conspiracy theories were made mainstream by the shows methodical storytelling, which revealed that the world is far stranger than we could ever imagine.

When Unsolved Mysteries first appeared on NBC over 30 years ago, it broke new ground with interactive television. TV audiences have often enjoyed weird tales, but did so from a distance. The Twilight Zone hypnotized viewers in the early 1960s with contemporary sci-fi parables narrated by Rod Serling. In the 1980s, Orson Welless narration of The Man Who Saw Tomorrow which dramatized the wild predictions of Nostradamus captivated audiences, even convincing swaths of Los Angeles residents that a giant earthquake would annihilate their city in 1988.

One especially noteworthy show, In Search Of, which ran from 1977-1982, examined all things paranormal as guided by the sage narration of Leonard Nimoy, less than a decade after his time on Star Trek. A disclaimer that the shows information was based in part on theory and conjecture fit the trippy feel of the narratives. The first episode of In Search Of considered if plants could communicate with people. Featured in the episode was Cleve Backster, who founded and led the CIAs interrogation section before starting his own school to train polygraph examiners. Backster believed that plants could feel pain and also claimed that the way yogurt bacteria responded to electrical stimulation proved they had the power of perception.

Nimoy, like a good Vulcan, narrated without judgment. The show featured on-site interviews and a soundtrack alternately dramatic and playful. No subject was off the table: Bigfoot, the Bermuda Triangle, ESP, the alien abductions, mysterious deaths of Marilyn Monroe and Amelia Earhart, Atlantis and cryonics. Decked in a turtleneck, Nimoy would offer a concluding summary to end each episode, his monologue grounded in a sense of wonder but low on certainty.

The New Age, ponderous feel of In Search Of was a product of its time. There is a movement easing across the land, Sara Davidson wrote in the 70s for Harpers magazine, a movement in which individuals are trying to work out personal salvation a way to proceed through life with harmony and peace, a minimum of tension, and a maximum of fulfillment. She documented a groundswell of interest in spiritual enlightenment that had moved from covert backroom sances to the suburbs. The open-minded era of that decade had been replaced by the more skeptical 80s. Viewers had enough fantasy; they wanted real life.

Before Unsolved Mysteries, creators Terry Dunn Meurer and John Cosgrovemade a trio of specials for NBC under the moniker Missing Have You Seen This Person? The programs depicted missing-persons cases, with a special focus on kidnapped children. After Raymond Burr and Karl Malden hosted the first three episodes of Unsolved Mysteries, the producers brought on Robert Stack. Already known to audiences as a respected actor for films like Written on the Wind and shows like The Untouchables, Stack felt more like an intrepid investigator than the esoteric Nemoy. Typically wearing a trench coat, Stack was serious but never stern, open-minded but not frivolous. And yes, he had a hell of a voice.

The seven specials of the first season of Unsolved Mysteries featured lost heirs, amnesia cases, missing treasure and unexplained deaths. One victim, Aileen Conway, was found in a burning car on an empty bridge road in Oklahoma. The cars heat was so intense, Stack narrates, that the heat was so intense that the car had actually melted into the metal guardrail into which it had crashed. Possibly even stranger was the scene at her home. The patio door was wide open. A garden hose dripped into their swimming pool. Her purse, with drivers license and glasses, was left on the floor. The iron was left on in the bedroom, the bathtub was full of water, and the phone was off the hook. This was different, darker fare than most of 1987 TV think Whos the Boss, Moonlighting and Night Court.

The series became weekly with its second season, and the show hit its stride. By offering a diverse range of four stories per episode, the show was able to appeal to viewers compelled by the real and the supernatural. One notable segment that captured a popular urban legend was the hunt for the infamous D.B. Cooper, who hijacked a Seattle-bound plane in 1971 before leaping and vanishing into the wilderness. Cooper probably didnt survive the fall, but there probably is just enough doubt to tempt the imagination.

The show depicted UFO sightings lights in the distance and close encounters along with kidnappings, murders, ghosts, long-lost family members and Satanic crimes. One early episode featured the tragic story of Kurt McFall, a high school student found half-naked and dead on a beach in the San Francisco Bay. McFall had joined the Society for Creative Anachronism, and would dress as a medieval knight for evening battles at an Oakland subway station parking lot. He soon became interested in more than just jousting: he apparently wanted to learn more about medieval religions, and befriended members of a local group. His father called it a Satanic cult, but one of its leaders who used the name Caradoc, an ancient Welsh moniker said McFall simply had an interest in magic. The group was likely part of the Feri tradition, a neo-pagan group started in the 1960s. But viewers in the late 1980s were hopped up on Satanic Panic, and McFalls strange death felt intensely evil.

Unsolved Mysteries suggested that we were always on the periphery of the unsafe. But it never felt overly moralizing; in fact, the show was often empathetic and genuine. One emblematic story was the disappearance of Patricia Meehan, a 37-year-old woman who caused a car accident in rural Circle, Montana. Dazed and silent, she got out of her car, walked down the road and climbed over a fencee before heading into a dark field. She was never seen again at least not officially. According to the show, Meehan had been spotted more than 100 times in Montana and Washington; this has since grown to over 5,000 alleged sightings. The show implied that Meehan might have amnesia, but like with other segments, refused to take a hardline stance so as to not influence viewers. Thats because the audience was the key to the success of Unsolved Mysteries. Although a disclaimer at the start of the show said, in part, that it was not a news broadcast, Unsolved Mysteries was something more: it was a chance to make things right.

A 1-800 number solicited tips, leads and ideas from viewers. An army of phone operators forwarded useful information to relevant authorities and family members. According to the producers, the show helped solve an impressive number of cases: more than 260 to date. Unsolved Mysteries set the interactive template for other shows, like Americas Most Wanted, which debuted in 1988, but focused on more conventional cases. Unsolved Mysteries embraced all things strange, and the weekly ritual of viewers sitting down to see and hear unusual stories had a curious result.

Unsolved Mysteries was quite literally a show from a different century. At first, the mysteries were culled from the newspaper reports. Campy transition screens announced the topics of different segments. There was the sublime eeriness of CCTV clips, odd ATM camera photos and dramatic recreations that themselves felt authentic in their blurriness. The score sounded like something out of a John Carpenter film. Even today, when you talk to people that came of age during the shows heyday, youll find people who recall it as a spookiest hour of television programming they were allowed to watch.

While the show retained a sizable viewership throughout its run, Unsolved Mysteries doesnt get enough credit for being so influential. In 1993, shortly after The X-Files premiered, creator and producer Chris Carter spoke with Cyberspace Vanguard, a sci-fi and fantasy zine. At the end of the long-forgotten interview, Carter says The X-Files is best understood as a cross between Silence of the Lambs and Unsolved Mysteries. The grainy, lo-fi look of the show is one that todays movie directors try to replicate. Even re-watching it in 2020, there is something slightly unsettling that you might not be able to put your finger on.

Unsolved Mysteries cultivated mainstream interest in conspiracy storytelling, creating the right mix for shows like The X-Files to thrive. It is difficult to imagine a character like Fox Mulder being so successful unless viewers were prepared to accept even the possibility that strangeness could be taken seriously.

The Stack era of Unsolved Mysteries ended in 2002, when he was diagnosed with prostate cancer. The show was briefly resurrected for Spike TV, but recycled and edited old segments rather than introducing new cases. Other shows followed in its footsteps, but none could capture its unique magic. In fact, the end of Unsolved Mysteries led to a fraying of conspiracy storytelling. One example is Conspiracy Theory With Jesse Ventura, which ran from 2009-2012, and was hosted by the titular former Minnesota governor. In that show, Ventura was center stage: he was a guy who was going to reveal the deepest government secrets to us. Channeling his old professional wrestling persona, Ventura brashly demanded answers, grilling politicians and government officials.

The series also showed how conspiracy thinking can go off the rails, as Ventura always tried to connect everything in some convoluted web of secrecy. The show grabbed big ratings for truTV, but Venturas knack for provocation caused real problems. One episode, Police State, was only shown once, after making some highly suspect intimations about FEMA and martial law. In one scene, Ventura quietly treks through the Georgia backwoods with none other than Alex Jones. The Infowars host takes Ventura to a clearing with stacks of long plastic containers, which he claims are coffins to be used in the event of mass, government-orchestrated extermination. In reality, the containers are standard-issue grave liners, but thats a less interesting story.

Conspiracy Theory, however entertaining, indulged in everything that Unsolved Mysteries avoided. It posited wild, multinational conspiracies, where its predecessor merely reveled in showing how discrete, unsolved events puncture holes into the fabric of our collective certainty about life. The theories provoked by Unsolved Mysteries were singular and narrow, the conspiracies of real-life tragedies and confusion, not unbridled fantasy.

Today, its hard to toggle through cable offerings at any hour of the day and not find shows dedicated to conspiracy theories, from the History Channel using cryptozoologists to talk about Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster to shows unmasking secret societies like the Illuminati and the Bilderberg group. One of the most successful book franchises, Dan Browns Robert Langdon series, is based largely around biblical conspiracies. Jeffrey Epstein didnt kill himself has gone from conspiracy to meme to punchline. We live in conspiracy-obsessed times, and its no coincidence that Unsolved Mysteries was there at the dawn of it.

Now, the shows original creators are back for the Netflix reboot. Six episodes premiere on July 1, with six more to follow. Audience leads are solicited at the end of each episode.

The iconic theme song still hits. The new season shows us again how conspiracy thinking, at its most genuine, is connected to a sense of wonder about our world that we havent figured everything out. The format shift to one story per episode is perfect: we can now settle into often heartbreaking stories and reach a level of intimacy that was difficult in the past. The murder of a family, the disappearance of a mother and a likely hate-crime are all portrayed with technical skill and care. The shows production style is much sleeker, but its heart is earnest.

In 1990, Stack told the Los Angeles Times that the show tried to balance two needs: Were trying to produce theater and were trying to do a public service. The new Unsolved Mysteries made the right decision to not have a host, but the ghostly form of Robert Stack appears at the end of the opening credits implying that his presence still inspires the show. The old Unsolved Mysteries revealed how conspiracy theories make for great storytelling; the new version of the show demonstrates how such storytelling and thinking can be ambitious, responsible and maybe even necessary.

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How "Unsolved Mysteries" Raised a Generation of Conspiracy Theorists - InsideHook

Cryonics Technology Market Latest Trends and Business Outlook 2020 to 2026 – Cole of Duty

The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides overview and forecast of theglobal Cryonics Technology market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from year 2019 to 2025 with respect to five major regions, namely;North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America. The Cryonics Technology market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers analysis and forecast of18 countriesglobally along with current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.

Cryopreservation technology is used for the preservation of living cells and tissues at very low temperature. Cryonics technology adopted by medical sector to preserve living body organs which can boost the demand of this technology. Government investment in medical sector and increasing deaths caused by incurable diseases are the major driving factor for this industry.

Get a sample copy of this report before purchase at:

Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics and Other.

This report presents the worldwide Cryonics Technology market size (value, production and consumption), splits the breakdown (data status 2014-2019 and forecast to 2025), by manufacturers, region, type and application. This study also analyzes the market status, market share, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, risks and entry barriers, sales channels, distributors and Porters Five Forces Analysis.

Key Strategic Developments:The study also includes the key strategic developments of the market, comprising R&D, new product launch, M&A, agreements, collaborations, partnerships, joint ventures, and regional growth of the leading competitors operating in the market on a global and regional scale.

Analytical Tools:The Global Cryonics Technology Market Report includes the accurately studied and assessed data of the key industry players and their scope in the market by means of a number of analytical tools. The analytical tools such as Porters five forces analysis, SWOT analysis, feasibility study, and investment return analysis have been used to analyze the growth of the key players operating in the market.

Key Market Features:The report evaluated key market features, including revenue, price, capacity, capacity utilization rate, gross, production, production rate, consumption, import/export, supply/demand, cost, market share, CAGR, and gross margin. In addition, the study offers a comprehensive study of the key market dynamics and their latest trends, along with pertinent market segments and sub-segments.

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Competitive landscape gives a description of the competitive nature of the market, market shares, and a description of the leading companies. Key financial deals which have shaped the market in the last five years are identified. The trends and strategies section highlights the likely future developments in the market and suggests approaches.

The research includes historic data from 2014 to 2018 and forecasts until 2025 which makes the reports an invaluable resource for industry executives, marketing, sales and product managers, consultants, analysts, and other people looking for key industry data in readily accessible documents with clearly presented tables and graphs.

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Cryonics Technology Market Latest Trends and Business Outlook 2020 to 2026 - Cole of Duty

Global Cryonics Technology Market Projected to Reach USD XX.XX billion by 2025- Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, etc. – Cole of…

This high-end research comprehension on the Global Cryonics Technology Market renders major impetus on detailed growth facets, in terms of product section, payment and transaction platforms, further incorporating service portfolio, applications, as well as a specific compilation on technological interventions that facilitate ideal growth potential of the market.

The report is so designed as to direct concrete headways in identifying and deciphering each of the market dimensions to evaluate logical derivatives which have the potential to set the growth course in the aforementioned Cryonics Technology market. Besides presenting notable insights on market factors comprising above determinants, this specific, innately crafted research report offering further in its subsequent sections states information on regional segmentation, as well as thoughtful perspectives on specific understanding comprising region specific developments as well as leading market players objectives to trigger maximum revenue generation and profits.

This study covers following key players:PraxairCellulisCryologicsCryothermKrioRusVWRThermo Fisher ScientificCustom Biogenic SystemsOregon CryonicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

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This illustrative research report on the Cryonics Technology market is an all-in-one, ready to use handbook of market dynamics that upon mindful inference lends valuable insights on market developments, growth trajectory, dominant trends as well as technological sophistication as well as segment expansion and competition spectrum that have a strong bearing on the growth probabilities of the Cryonics Technology market.

This particular section of the Cryonics Technology market report specifically stresses upon various indigenous tactical discretion that eventually contributed towards soliciting heralding market consolidation, impeccable stability and sustainable revenue pools, the ultimate touchstone to judge the potency of the Cryonics Technology market.

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Market segment by Type, the product can be split into Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Market segment by Application, split into Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

The report further unveils pertinent details about segment contribution in coining ample revenue flow, sustainability and long term growth in global Cryonics Technology market. A thorough knowledge base of market facets remains integral and indispensable to decode Cryonics Technology market prognosis. This recent research compilation on the Cryonics Technology market presents a deep analytical review and a concise presentation of ongoing market trends that collectively inculcate a strong influence on the growth trajectory of the aforementioned Cryonics Technology market.

The report sheds light on the particular segment that sets revenue maximization, rolling, thus incurring steady growth in revenues and contributing towards steady sustenance of the Cryonics Technology market. This well versedreport is thoughtfully crafted to arm report readers with convincing market insights on the mettle of all aforementioned factors that propel relentless growth despite significant bottlenecks in the Cryonics Technology market.

Some Major TOC Points:1 Report Overview2 Global Growth Trends3 Market Share by Key Players4 Breakdown Data by Type and ApplicationContinued

In addition to all of the above stated inputs, discussed at length in the report, the report sheds tangible light on dynamic segmentation based on which the market has been systematically split into prominent segments inclusive of type, end use technology, as well as region specific diversification of the Cryonics Technology market to encourage highly remunerative business discretion.

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Global Cryonics Technology Market Projected to Reach USD XX.XX billion by 2025- Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, etc. - Cole of...

Trending News: Covid-19 Impact On Cryonics Technology Market Trends, Growth, Regions, Types And Key Developments, Applications By 2025 | Praxair,…

Trending Cryonics Technology Market 2020: COVID-19 Outbreak Impact Analysis

Chicago, United States The Cryonics Technology market report provides a detailed analysis of global market size, regional and country-level market size, segmentation market growth, market share, competitive Landscape, sales analysis, impact of domestic and global market players, value chain optimization, trade regulations, recent developments, opportunities analysis, strategic market growth analysis, product launches, area marketplace expanding, and technological innovations

The Cryonics Technology market report 5 Years Forecast [2020-2025] focuses on the COVID19 Outbreak Impact analysis of key points influencing the growth of the market. The intelligence report prepared contains details on the leading players of the Global Cryonics Technology Market, along with various depending aspects related and associated with the market. Profile the Top Key Players of Cryonics Technology, with sales, revenue and global market share of Cryonics Technology are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast and speak to info. Upstream raw materials and instrumentation and downstream demand analysis is additionally administrated. The Cryonics Technology market business development trends and selling channels square measure analyzed. Cryonics Technology industry research report enriched on worldwide competition by topmost prime manufactures which providing information such as Company Profiles, Gross, Gross Margin, Capacity, Product Picture and Specification, Production, Price, Cost, Revenue and contact information.

>>>>>>This Report Covers Leading Companies Associated in Worldwide Cryonics Technology Market: PraxairCellulisCryologicsCryothermKrioRusVWRThermo Fisher ScientificCustom Biogenic SystemsOregon CryonicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

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Key Issues Addressed by Cryonics Technology Market: The Cryonics Technology report is a compilation of first-hand information, qualitative and quantitative assessment by industry analysts, inputs from industry experts and industry participants across the value chain. This report provides an in-depth analysis of parent company market trends, macroeconomic indicators and dominant factors, and market attractiveness by segment.

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Cryonics Technology market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Cryonics Technology market situation. In this Cryonics Technology report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Cryonics Technology report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Cryonics Technology tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Cryonics Technology report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Cryonics Technology outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

Key point summary of the Cryonics Technology market Report:

1) Examining the overall market, underlining the recent trends and SWOT analysis2) Cryonics Technology Market scenario, focused on the growth opportunities in the market in the coming years3) Analysis of the different market segments, including qualitative and quantitative research and studies the impact of both economic and non-economic factors4) Inspection of the market at regional and global levels focusing on the demand and supply factors affecting the growth of the Cryonics Technology market.5) Market size (USD Million) and volume (Units Million) statistics for all market segment and sub-segment6) Competitive analysis with Cryonics Technology market share of leading market players, shedding light on project launches and tactical approaches implemented by the players in the last five years7) Extensive company profiling comprising of the product offerings, key financial facts and figures, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and strategic initiatives by the major firms in the Cryonics Technology market

The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels.The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

Competitive Landscape:

The competitive analysis of major market players is another notable feature of the Cryonics Technology market report; it identifies direct or indirect competitors in the market.

The Cryonics Technology market report provides answers to the following key questions:

At what rate is the Cryonics Technology market expected to grow in size in the forecast period? What are the key factors influencing the global Cryonics Technology market growth? Which significant market trends are driving the growth of the global Cryonics Technology market? Which factors are the determinants of the market shares of the leading geographies across the globe? Who are the leading participants in the industry and what are the strategies adopted by them in the global Cryonics Technology market? What are the opportunities and challenges encounters by vendors in the global Cryonics Technology market? Which trends, drivers and challenges are affecting the growth of the industry? What is the outcome of the PESTEL analysis of the global Cryonics Technology market?

Analysis of Global Cryonics Technology Market: By TypeSlow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Analysis of Global Cryonics Technology Market: By ApplicationAnimal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Cryonics Technology Market Regional Analysis Includes:

Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia) Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.) North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada.) South America (Brazil etc.) The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt.)

Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Cryonics Technology Market:

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope the Cryonics Technology market

Chapter 2: Exclusive summary the basic information of the Cryonics Technology Market.

Chapter 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of the Cryonics Technology

Chapter 4: Presenting the Cryonics Technology Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying the by Type, End User and Region 2013-2018

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Cryonics Technology market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source.

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Trending News: Covid-19 Impact On Cryonics Technology Market Trends, Growth, Regions, Types And Key Developments, Applications By 2025 | Praxair,...

Global Cryonics Technology Market Size |Incredible Possibilities and Growth Analysis and Forecast To 2026 | Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm,…

Cryonics Technology Market Forecast 2020-2026

The Global Cryonics Technology Market research report provides and in-depth analysis on industry- and economy-wide database for business management that could potentially offer development and profitability for players in this market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. It offers critical information pertaining to the current and future growth of the market. It focuses on technologies, volume, and materials in, and in-depth analysis of the market. The study has a section dedicated for profiling key companies in the market along with the market shares they hold.

The report consists of trends that are anticipated to impact the growth of the Cryonics Technology Market during the forecast period between 2020 and 2026. Evaluation of these trends is included in the report, along with their product innovations.

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The Report Covers the Following Companies:PraxairCellulisCryologicsCryothermKrioRusVWRThermo Fisher ScientificCustom Biogenic SystemsOregon CryonicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

By Types:Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

By Applications:Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Furthermore, the report includes growth rate of the global market, consumption tables, facts, figures, and statistics of key segments.

By Regions:

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Years Considered to Estimate the Market Size:History Year: 2015-2019Base Year: 2019Estimated Year: 2020Forecast Year: 2020-2026

Important Facts about Cryonics Technology Market Report:

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Global Cryonics Technology Market Size |Incredible Possibilities and Growth Analysis and Forecast To 2026 | Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm,...

Cryonics Technology Market 2020 | Know the Latest COVID19 Impact Analysis And Strategies of Key Players: Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm,…

Cryonics Technology Market 2020-2026 research report is an in-depth analysis of the latest trends, market size, status, upcoming technologies, industry drivers, challenges opportunity with key company profiles and strategies of players.The Cryonics Technology Market report also provides the market impact and new opportunities created due to the COVID19 catastrophe.

Download the Sample ToC and understand the COVID19 impact and be smart in redefining business strategies.

Cryonics TechnologyMarket report 2020-2026, discusses various factors driving or restraining the market, which will help the future market to grow with promising CAGR. This Report encompasses the manufacturers data, including shipment, price, revenue, gross profit, interview record, business distribution, etc., these data tend the consumer to know about the competitors better.

The Cryonics Technology market report covers major market players like Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics

The worldwide Cryonics Technologymarket for Industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly xx% over the next five years, will reach xx million US$ in 2026, from xx million US$ in 2019, according to a new study.

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Research MethodologyTo get complete information onCryonics Technology Market, researchers of this report have opted for a bottom-up and top-down approach. The bottom-up approach gives access to the numbers for each product, and the top-down approach helps in counter-validating those numbers with end-use market numbers. The figures mentioned in theCryonics TechnologyMarketreport are equally justified along with examples as per need. It also helps in creating clear knowledge about the market, and as to what rate it is expected to grow in the next six to seven years.

Cryonics Technology Market 2020-2025: Segmentation

Cryonics Technology Market is segmented as below:

Breakup Product Type:Slow freezing, Vitrification, Ultra-rapid

Breakup by Application:Animal husbandry, Fishery science, Medical science, Preservation of microbiology culture, Conserving plant biodiversity

Geographic segmentation

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Key Questions Answered

How has the aerospace and defense industry opened new avenues for the growth of the Cryonics Technology?

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Cryonics Technology Market 2020 | Know the Latest COVID19 Impact Analysis And Strategies of Key Players: Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm,...

Cryonics Technology Market Growth, Analysis and Advancement Outlook 2020 to 2026 – Cole of Duty

The Global Cryonics Technology Market Research Report 2020-2026 is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists. It provides the industry overview with growth analysis and historical & futuristic cost, revenue, demand and supply data (as applicable). The research analysts provide an elaborate description of the value chain and its distributor analysis. This Market study provides comprehensive data which enhances the understanding, scope and application of this report.

Cryopreservation technology is used for the preservation of living cells and tissues at very low temperature.Cryonics technology adopted by medical sector to preserve living body organs which can boost the demand of this technology. Government investment in medical sector and increasing deaths caused by incurable diseases are the major driving factor for this industry.

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Top leading Companies of Global Cryonics Technology Market are Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics and others.

This report segments the Cryonics Technology Market on the basis of by Type are:

Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

On the basis of By Application, the Cryonics Technology Market is segmented into:

Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Regional Analysis For Cryonics Technology Market:

For comprehensive understanding of market dynamics, the Cryonics Technology Market is analyzed across key geographies namely: United States, China, Europe, Japan, South-east Asia, India and others. Each of these regions is analyzed on basis of market findings across major countries in these regions for a macro-level understanding of the market.

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Key Highlights of the Report

Quantitative market information and forecasts for the global Cryonics Technology industry, segmented by type, end use and geographic region.

Expert analysis of the key technological, demographic, economic and regulatory factors driving growth in Cryonics Technology to 2026.

Market opportunities and recommendations for new investments.

Growth prospects among the emerging nations through 2026.

Important Features that are under Offering and Cryonics Technology Market Highlights of the Reports:

Finally, Cryonics Technology Market report is the believable source for gaining the Market research that will exponentially accelerate your business. The report gives the principle locale, economic situations with the item value, benefit, limit, generation, supply, request and Market development rate and figure and so on. This report additionally Present a new task SWOT examination, speculation attainability investigation, and venture return investigation.

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Cryonics Technology Market Growth, Analysis and Advancement Outlook 2020 to 2026 - Cole of Duty

Here’s How Far Cryonic Preservation Has Come in the 50 …

(Inside Science) Early in the 1960s, a group of enthusiasts advanced the concept of freezing humans as soon as they die, in hopes of reviving them after the arrival of medical advances able to cure the conditions that killed them. The idea went into practice for the first time 50 years ago.

On Jan. 12, 1967, James Bedford, an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of California, became the first person to be "cyropreserved." A small team of doctors and other enthusiasts froze him a few hours after he died from liver cancer that had spread to his lungs.

A few days later the team placed the body into an insulated container packed with dry ice. Later still, Bedford was immersed in liquid nitrogen in a large Dewar container. Fifteen years on, after a series of moves from one cryopreservation facility to another, his body found a home at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation in Scottsdale, Arizona, where it still resides.

By current standards of cryonics, the procedure was remarkably untidy and disorganized. Nevertheless, a visual evaluation of Bedford's condition in 1991 found that his body had remained frozen and suffered no obvious deterioration.

"There's no date set for another examination," said R. Michael Perry, care services manager at Alcor.

Related: Life-Saving Drones Promise Revolution in Emergency Care

But as promoters of cryopreservation celebrate the 50th anniversary of Bedford's death and freezing known to some as "Bedford Day" they emphasize improvements to the freezing and preservation procedures that Bedford's experiences advanced.

The community is also undergoing a significant change in its expectations for reviving frozen patients. Rather than planning for a Lazarus-like resuscitation of the entire body, some proponents of the technology focus more on saving individuals' stored memories, and perhaps incorporating them into robots.

Beyond the cryopreservation community, however, an aura of scientific suspicion that surrounded Bedford's freezing remains.

"Reanimation or simulation is an abjectly false hope that is beyond the promise of technology and is certainly impossible with the frozen, dead tissue offered by the 'cryonics' industry," neuroscientist Michael Hendricks of McGill University in Montreal, Canada, wrote in Technology Review.

Scientists aren't the industry's only critics.

Families of individuals designated for freezing including Bedford's own family have gone to court to protest or defend loved ones' decisions to undergo freezing.

Related: This App is Revolutionizing Diagnoses of Rare Diseases

In a more recent case, in 2011, a Colorado probate judge upheld a contract that Mary Robbins had signed with Alcor over objections from Robbins' children. And last year the High Court of England upheld a mother's right to seek cryonic treatment of her terminally ill 14-year-old daughter after her death, despite the father's wishes.

Public reaction to the technology reached its nadir in New England in 2002, when court documents revealed that Boston Red Sox baseball icon Ted Williams was frozen in the Alcor facility, with his head severed from his body. Williams' son John Henry, who arranged the process, was himself frozen after he died of leukemia.

Politics has also impacted the technology's progress. In 2004, for example, Michigan's state government voted to license a facility called the Cryonics Institute, located in Clinton, as a cemetery. That move, reversed eight years later, prevented the institute from preparing bodies for cryopreservation on its own, because applying such procedures to a dead body required the services of a licensed funeral director.

The cryonics industry flatly disagrees with its critics.

Alcor asserts on its website that "[t]here are no known credible technical arguments that lead one to conclude that cryonics, carried out under good conditions today, would not work." The company adds: "Cryonics is a belief that no one is really dead until the information content of the brain is lost, and that low temperatures can prevent this loss."

Related: How Computers are Learning to Predict the Future

Certainly the controversies have not discouraged candidates for cryopreservation.

Worldwide, more than 250 individuals are now housed in cryonic facilities, at a minimum per-person cost of about $28,000 in the U.S.

Russia's KrioRus company offers a cut-rate level starting at $12,000, with the condition that it stores several human bodies and assorted pets and other animals in communal Dewar containers. Individual contracts can specify the length of storage. At present, the U.S. and Russia are the only countries with facilities that offer human cryopreservation.

The first attempt at cryopreservation did not go particularly smoothly.

Bedford died before all preparations for his cryopreservation were complete. So instead of draining his blood and replacing it with a customized antifreeze solution to protect the body's tissues from freezing damage, the team simply injected the antifreeze into Bedford's arteries without removing the blood.

The team then surrounded the body in dry ice, and started it on a series of transfers from one container to another that ended up in a Dewar container in Alcor's facility.

Because of those difficulties, cryonics experts feared that the body had suffered serious damage. But the examination in 1991 quelled those concerns.

"We were really relieved that he was not discolored," Perry recalled. "And corners of the ice cubes [around him] were still sharp; he had stayed frozen all the time."

Related: The Hunt For Alien Megastructures Is On

In recent years, cryonics promoters have borrowed from medical advances in such fields as cryobiology and nanobiology.

To prevent ice crystals from damaging cell walls in the frozen state, cryopreservationists replace the body's blood supply with mixtures of antifreeze compounds and organ preservatives a technique developed to preserve frozen eggs for fertility treatments.

Another emerging approach accounts for the separation of Ted Williams' head and body. Based on studies of roundworms, promoters of cryonics argue that freezing can preserve the contents of individuals' brains even if their bodies can't be revived. That opens the possibility of downloading cryopreserved personalities into a robotic future body.

Hendricks disagrees. "While it may be possible to preserve these features in dead tissue, that is certainly not happening now," he pointed out in Technology Review.

Scientists such as Barry Fuller, a professor of surgical science and low temperature medicine at England's University College, London, emphasize that even preserving body parts in such a way that they remain viable on thawing remains a distant dream.

"There is ongoing research into these scientific challenges, and a potential future demonstration of the ability to cryopreserve human organs for transplantation would be a major first step into proving the concept," he told The Guardian. "But at the moment we cannot achieve that."

Nevertheless, Perry expresses optimism about a timeline for the revival of frozen humans.

"We think in terms of decades," he said. "Sometimes we say fifty to a hundred years."

David Gorski, a surgeon at Wayne State University Medical Center in Michigan, takes a darker view.

"Fifty years from now," he said, "it's likely that all that will remain of my existence will be some scientific papers and a faint memory held by my nieces and nephews and maybe, if I'm lucky, a few of my youngest readers."

Reprinted with permission from Inside Science, an editorially independent news product of the American Institute of Physics, a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing, promoting and serving the physical sciences.

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Here's How Far Cryonic Preservation Has Come in the 50 ...

Latest Update 2020: Cryonics Technology Market by COVID19 Impact Analysis And Top Manufacturers: Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus,…

InForGrowth Market Research offers a most recent distributed report on Global Cryonics Technology industry examination and figure 2019-2025 conveying key bits of knowledge and giving an upper hand to customers through a point by point report. The report contains XX pages which profoundly displays on current market investigation situation, up and coming just as future chances, income development, evaluating and gainfulness. The Global pandemic of COVID19 calls for redefining of business strategies. This Cryonics Technology Market report includes the impact analysis necessary for the same

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Worldwide Cryonics Technology Market inspect reports consolidate market designs nuances, genuine scene, feature assessment, cost structure, capability, bargains, net advantage, and movement and measuring of business.

Major Key players covered in this report:Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics.

Cryonics Technology Market Potential

The overall market is set up for energetic advancement with progressively moving of various gathering methodology to more affordable objectives in rising economies. Another factor booked to altogether bolster the market is fused programming game plans disposing of the prerequisite for different models and thing survey concerns.Premium Insights on Cryonics Technology Market 2020 with Market Players Positioning; Download Free Sample Copy:

The Worldwide Market forGlobal Cryonics Technology marketis relied upon to develop at a CAGR of generally xx% throughout the following five years, will arrive at xx million US$ in 2026, from xx million US$ in 2019, as per another research.

This report focuses around the Cryonics Technology Market in the worldwide market, particularly in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East, and Africa. This Cryonics Technology Market report sorts the market dependent on the manufacturer, region, type, and application.

Major Classifications of Cryonics Technology Market:

By Product Type: Slow freezing, Vitrification, Ultra-rapid

By Applications: Animal husbandry, Fishery science, Medical science, Preservation of microbiology culture, Conserving plant biodiversity

The study objectives of Cryonics Technology Market Report are:

Regional Analysis of Cryonics Technology Market:

The report additionally provides a local examination of the market with a high focus on showcase development, development rate, and development potential. The research report calculates marketplace length estimation to analyze investment possibilities and destiny growth. The key players and distinctive affecting components are examined completely on this report.

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Why Was Baseball Hall of Famer Ted Williams Decapitated? – Sportscasting

Ted Williams was one of the greatest hitters in MLB history. The two-time Triple Crown winner and 17-time All-Star remains the last batter to finish a season with an average above .400. Sadly, since the Hall of Famer died in July 2002, his name is associated more with the things done to his body after death than his innumerable baseball accomplishments. Why was Ted Williams decapitated after his death?

The list of accomplishments in Ted Williams 19-year career is long. He won six batting titles and led the American League in home runs and RBIs four times. In 1941, the 22-year-old Williams hit .406 for the season and that included 37 home runs and 120 RBIs. He was the last hitter to ever hit above .400.

Williams followed up in 1942 with another stellar performance becoming the first-ever player to win the Triple Crown leading the league with a .356 average, hitting 36 homers, and driving in 137 RBIs. Unbelievably, he finished second in MVP voting that season.

After three years of military service in World War II, Williams returned to baseball and resumed right where he left off. He finished the 1946 season with a .342 average and won the first of two MVPs in his career. He also played in his only World Series that season. He won the Triple Crown for a second time in 1947 and retired in 1960 with a lifetime average of .344.

Williams was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966.

When Ted Williams died in Florida on July 5, 2002 at age 83, things got weird fast. Despite his wishes to be cremated and his ashes scattered in the Florida Keys, his son John Henry and youngest daughter Claudia opted to have his body sent to Scottsdale, Arizona to be frozen at the Alcor cryonics facility.

Cryonics is a process done with the hope that someday scientists will be able to bring the subjects back to life. The heads and bodies are stored in stainless steel containers at extremely cold temperatures.

When Williams oldest daughter, Bobby-Jo Ferrell learned about the plan of her siblings, she sued. John Henrys lawyer produced a family pact signed by Ted, Claudia, and John Henry, where the three agreed to be placed into biostasis after death. While there was legal wrangling back and forth between the siblings questioning the authenticity of Williams signature, Ferrell eventually dropped her lawsuit due to a lack of funds.

Several months later his death made headlines for a second time when it was discovered that Williams head had been decapitated by surgeons and stored separately from his body at the Alcor facility.

In 2009, the bizarre circumstances of the Splendid Splinters death and actions that followed took an even stranger twist with the release of a book from a former Alcor employee. In Larry Johnsons book Frozen: My Journey Into the World of Cryonics, Deception and Death, he offered up details on how employees at Alcor allegedly mistreated the Hall of Famers body.

Johnson wrote in one incident where an empty tuna can was used as a pedestal to support the batters head and had stuck to it during transportation from one container to another. An Alcor employee allegedly decided to use a monkey wrench in an attempt to dislodge the can from the head.

Then he grabbed a monkey wrench, heaved a mighty swing, missing the tuna can completely but hitting the head dead center, Johnson wrote. Tiny pieces of frozen head sprayed around the room. The author detailed how a second swing knocked the can loose.

Alcor denied all allegations that there was any mistreatment of Ted Williams. John Henry died just two years later in 2004 from leukemia. His body was transported to Alcor.

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Why Was Baseball Hall of Famer Ted Williams Decapitated? - Sportscasting

Technology and ethics in the coronavirus economy – TechCrunch

Javier Saade serves on several boards, is venture partner at Fenway Summer and is a senior advisor at FS Vector, Fenway Summers advisory affiliate. Previously, he was associate administrator and chief of investment and innovation at SBA.

The last two decades have ushered in significant change and transformation. I believe the 2020s will be dispositive in redefining the pillars of our economy, and COVID-19 magnifies this greatly. As of this writing there are 3,611,394 confirmed cases, and the U.S. accounts for 33% of those. We are now dealing with a 4.8% Q1 GDP contraction and expectations for Q2s shrinking runs into the 25% range, more than 30 million unemployed and a $7 trillion federal intervention in a span of six weeks.

Eric Schmidt recently predicted that the coronavirus pandemic is strengthening big tech. It is hard to disagree with him; it almost feels obvious. Big tech and other digital companies are net beneficiaries of new habits and behaviors. Some of this shift will be permanent, and well-capitalized tech companies are likely to expand their power by grabbing talent and buying companies for their IP then dissolving them.

With power comes political backlash and public wariness. One flavor of that counter pressure is already in full effect. Sen. Elizabeth Warren and Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez have proposed new legislation that seeks to curtail acquisition activity via the Pandemic Anti-Monopoly Act. Ill reserve judgment on their effort, but the theme is familiar: the strong get stronger and the weak get weaker, which further widens gaps and calcifies disparity.

The COVID-19 shock is highlighting a chasm that has evolved over decades. The digital divide, lack of capital access, sporadic paths to education and microscopic levels of wealth accumulation in communities of color and the implicit/explicit bias against non-coastal elites are some contributing factors.

During the 2008 crisis, the combined value of the five biggest companies ExxonMobil, General Electric, Microsoft, AT&T and Procter & Gamble was $1.6 trillion. Microsoft is worth almost that today all by itself. No need to talk about FAANG, because since the pandemics economic halt, Peloton downloads went up five-fold in a month, Zoom grew to 200 million users from 10 million in December and Instacart users grew six times in that period.

Roelof Botha of Sequoia Capital was recently quoted as saying, Like the killing off of the dinosaurs, this reorders who gets to survive in the new era. It is the shock that accelerates the future that Silicon Valley has been building. It is hard to argue with his views.

To be clear, I am a beneficiary of and a big believer in technology. Throughout my career I have managed it, invested in it and made policy on it. For example, one of the multi-billion-dollar programs I oversaw, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, has invested more than $50 billion in tens of thousands of startups, which have collectively issued 70,000 patents and raised hundreds of billions of capital and 700 of them have gone public, including tech titans such as Qualcomm, Biogen and Symantec.

My point: I think about technology a lot, and, lately, about its repercussions. There is a massive shift afoot where more power and influence will be consolidated by these remarkable companies and their technology. Besides the economic consequences of the strong crushing the weak, there are serious ethical issues to consider as a society. Chamath Palihapitiya has been pretty vocal about the moral hazard of what is essentially a massive transfer of wealth and income. On one side you have mismanaged and/or myopic corporations and on the other, the counterparty is the American people and the money we need to print to bankroll the lifeline. I am not talking about Main Street here, by the way.

It is not hard to imagine a world in which tech alone reigns supreme. The ethical dilemmas of this are vast. A recent documentary, Do You Trust this Computer, put a spotlight on a frantic Elon Musk ringing the alarm bell on machines potential to destroy humanity. Stephen Hawking argued that while artificial intelligence could provide society with outsized benefits, it also has the potential to spiral out of control and end the human race. Bill Gates has been less fatalistic, but is also in the camp of those concerned with synthetic intelligence. In an interesting parallel, Bill has for years been very vocal on the risks pandemics pose and our lack of preparedness for them indeed.

These three men have had a big impact on the world with and because of technology. Their deep concern is rooted in the fact that once the genie is out of the bottle, it will make and grant wishes to itself without regard to humanity. But, is this doomsday thinking? I dont know. What I do know is that I am not alone thinking about this. With COVID-19 as a backdrop, many people are.

Algorithmic sophistication and computer horsepower continue to evolve by leaps and bounds, and serious capital continues to be invested on these fronts. The number of transistors per chip has increased from thousands in the 1950s to over four billion today. A one-atom transistor is the physical boundary of Moores Law. Increasing the amount of information conveyed per unit, say with quantum computing, is the most realistic possibility of extending Moores Law, and with it the march toward intelligent machines and a tech first world. The march has been accelerated, even if peripherally, by the pandemic.

While the promise of technology-driven progress is massive, there are some serious societal costs to exponential discovery and unleashed capability acceleration. Dartmouths Dr. James Moor, a notable thinker at the intersection of ethics and technology, believes that the use and development of technologies are most important when technologies have transformative effects on societies. He stipulates that as the impact of technology grows, the volume and complexity of ethical issues surrounding it increases. This is not only because more people are touched by these innovations, they are. It is because transformative technology increases pathways of action that outstrip governance systems and ethical constructs to tame it.

So what? The twists and turns of technology application lead to consequences, sometimes unknowable and for that reason we should be increasingly vigilant. Did Zuckerberg ever imagine that his invention would have been so central to the outcome of the 2016 election? Unknowable consequences, exhibit one. Interconnected systems touch every aspect of society, from digital terrorism to bioengineering to brain hacking and neural cryonics to swarm warfare, digital assets, intelligent weapons, trillions of IoT connected devices the list goes on.

As a society, we should be open to innovation and the benefits it ushers in. At the same time, we must also remain committed to sustainable tech development and a deployment mechanism that does not fail to shine a light on human dignity, economic inequality and broad inclusiveness. These seem like esoteric issues, but they are not, and they are being put to the test by COVID-19.

A fresh example of this thematic happened recently: Tim Bray, a VP and engineer at Amazons AWS, resigned because of the companys treatment of employees, and was quoted as saying, in part, Amazon treats the humans in the warehouses as fungible units of pick-and-pack potential. Only thats not just Amazon, its how 21st-century capitalism is done If we dont like certain things Amazon is doing, we need to put legal guardrails in place to stop those things.

Eliminating human agency has been at the core of innovation during the last four decades. Less human intervention in a call center, a hedge fund trading desk, a factory, a checkout line or a motor vehicle seems fine but in cases of greater importance, humans should remain more active or we will, at best, make ourselves irrelevant. In the past, labor displacement has been temporary, but it seems to me that the next wave is likely to be different in terms of the permanence of labor allocation, and big tech getting bigger will likely hasten this.

Innovative capability has been at the center of progress and living standard improvements since we harnessed fire. The worlds technology portfolio is an exciting one, but potentially terrifying to those who could be more hampered by it, such as the front-line workers on Main Street shouldering the health and economic brunt of the coronavirus.

Years ago, Peter Drucker pointed out that technology has transformed from servant to master throughout our history. Regarding the assembly line, he noted that it does not use the strengths of the human being but, instead, subordinated human strengths to the requirements of the machine.

In my opinion, Druckers quote is at the very core of our point in time, happening on a scale and speed that is hard to fathom and changing the digital divide amongst us into a digital canyon between us and technology.

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Technology and ethics in the coronavirus economy - TechCrunch

Global trade impact of the Coronavirus Cryonics Technology Market Applications and Company’s Active in the Industry Aminet Market Reports -…

The research study presented in this report offers complete and intelligent analysis of the competition, segmentation, dynamics, and geographical advancement of the Global Cryonics Technology Market. The research study has been prepared with the use of in-depth qualitative and quantitative analyses of the global Cryonics Technology market. We have also provided absolute dollar opportunity and other types of market analysis on the global Cryonics Technology market.

It takes into account the CAGR, value, volume, revenue, production, consumption, sales, manufacturing cost, prices, and other key factors related to the global Cryonics Technology market. All findings and data on the global Cryonics Technology market provided in the report are calculated, gathered, and verified using advanced and reliable primary and secondary research sources. The regional analysis offered in the report will help you to identify key opportunities of the global Cryonics Technology market available in different regions and countries.

The report on the Cryonics Technology market provides a birds eye view of the current proceeding within the Cryonics Technology market. Further, the report also takes into account the impact of the novel COVID-19 pandemic on the Cryonics Technology market and offers a clear assessment of the projected market fluctuations during the forecast period.

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The authors of the report have segmented the global Cryonics Technology market as per product, application, and region. Segments of the global Cryonics Technology market are analyzed on the basis of market share, production, consumption, revenue, CAGR, market size, and more factors. The analysts have profiled leading players of the global Cryonics Technology market, keeping in view their recent developments, market share, sales, revenue, areas covered, product portfolios, and other aspects.

The key players covered in this studyPraxairCellulisCryologicsCryothermKrioRusVWRThermo Fisher ScientificCustom Biogenic SystemsOregon CryonicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

Market segment by Type, the product can be split intoSlow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapidMarket segment by Application, split intoAnimal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report coversNorth AmericaEuropeChinaJapanSoutheast AsiaIndiaCentral & South America

The study objectives of this report are:To analyze global Cryonics Technology status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players.To present the Cryonics Technology development in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Central & South America.To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their development plan and strategies.To define, describe and forecast the market by type, market and key regions.

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Cryonics Technology are as follows:History Year: 2015-2019Base Year: 2019Estimated Year: 2020Forecast Year 2020 to 2026For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2019 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

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Cryonics Technology Market Size and Forecast

In terms of region, this research report covers almost all the major regions across the globe such as North America, Europe, South America, the Middle East, and Africa and the Asia Pacific. Europe and North America regions are anticipated to show an upward growth in the years to come. While Cryonics Technology Market in Asia Pacific regions is likely to show remarkable growth during the forecasted period. Cutting edge technology and innovations are the most important traits of the North America region and thats the reason most of the time the US dominates the global markets. Cryonics Technology Market in South, America region is also expected to grow in near future.

The Cryonics Technology Market report highlights is as follows:

This Cryonics Technology market report provides complete market overview which offers the competitive market scenario among major players of the industry, proper understanding of the growth opportunities, and advanced business strategies used by the market in the current and forecast period.

This Cryonics Technology Market report will help a business or an individual to take appropriate business decision and sound actions to be taken after understanding the growth restraining factors, market risks, market situation, market estimation of the competitors.

The expected Cryonics Technology Market growth and development status can be understood in a better way through this five-year forecast information presented in this report

This Cryonics Technology Market research report aids as a broad guideline which provides in-depth insights and detailed analysis of several trade verticals.

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Global trade impact of the Coronavirus Cryonics Technology Market Applications and Company's Active in the Industry Aminet Market Reports -...

Global trade impact of the Coronavirus Cryonics Technology Market Applications and Company’s Active in the Industry – amitnetserver

A recent market study on the global Cryonics Technology market reveals that the global Cryonics Technology market is expected to reach a value of ~US$ XX by the end of 2029 growing at a CAGR of ~XX% during the forecast period (2019-2029).

The Cryonics Technology market study includes a thorough analysis of the overall competitive landscape and the company profiles of leading market players involved in the global Cryonics Technology market. Further, the presented study offers accurate insights pertaining to the different segments of the global Cryonics Technology market such as the market share, value, revenue, and how each segment is expected to fair post the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The following doubts are addressed in the market report:

Key Highlights of the Cryonics Technology Market Report

The presented report segregates the Cryonics Technology market into different segments to ensure the readers gain a complete understanding of the different aspects of the Cryonics Technology market.

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Segmentation of the Cryonics Technology market

Competitive Outlook

This section of the report throws light on the recent mergers, collaborations, partnerships, and research and development activities within the Cryonics Technology market on a global scale. Further, a detailed assessment of the pricing, marketing, and product development strategies adopted by leading market players is included in the Cryonics Technology market report.

The key players covered in this studyPraxairCellulisCryologicsCryothermKrioRusVWRThermo Fisher ScientificCustom Biogenic SystemsOregon CryonicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

Market segment by Type, the product can be split intoSlow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapidMarket segment by Application, split intoAnimal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report coversNorth AmericaEuropeChinaJapanSoutheast AsiaIndiaCentral & South America

The study objectives of this report are:To analyze global Cryonics Technology status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players.To present the Cryonics Technology development in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Central & South America.To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their development plan and strategies.To define, describe and forecast the market by type, market and key regions.

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Cryonics Technology are as follows:History Year: 2015-2019Base Year: 2019Estimated Year: 2020Forecast Year 2020 to 2026For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2019 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

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Global trade impact of the Coronavirus Cryonics Technology Market Applications and Company's Active in the Industry - amitnetserver

Cryonics Technology Market | Business Revenue Forecast and Geography Analysis Based on Growth Factors, Demand and Trends by 2029 – TechnoVally

The statistical surveying report on the global cryonics technology market has been prepared by using professional or expert knowledge through standard and modified research approaches and forecasts. The report carefully examines the cryonics technology market, with a focus on most of the major players and their business strategies, geographical scope, market segments, product landscape, price and cost structure. The study not only analyses the business profile of key suppliers but also analyses their winning strategies to give business owners, stakeholders and field marketing staff a competitive advantage over others operating in the same space. Cryonics Technology Market applies the best of primary and secondary research to weigh on the competitive landscape and the main market players expected to dominate this global market with forecast period, 2020-2029. Through qualitative and quantitative analysis, we support you in a comprehensive analysis of the cryonics technology market.

The Cryonics Technology Market research focuses on the market structure and various factors (positive and negative) affecting the growth of the market. The report mainly studies the size, recent trends and development status of the cryonics technology market, as well as investment opportunities, government policy, market dynamics (drivers, restraints, opportunities), supply chain and competitive landscape. This report studies and presents the process of manufacturing and product specifications. Different facts and figures are included in cryonics technology report for a basic understanding of the businesses. Different global key players of cryonics technology market are listed in the report, which provides a detailed description of higher-level industries. It focuses on the elaboration of the development trend and client survey, which helps in decision making. Technological innovation and advancement will further optimize the performance of the product, making it more widely used in downstream applications.

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Technological advancements and increasing applications in software and services sectors would provide growth opportunities to the cryonics technology industry during the forecast period 2020-2029. New emerging markets, emerging consumer demographics, and technological advancements would accelerate the growth of this market in the coming years. Consequently, Slow freezing, Vitrification, Ultra-rapid are playing a vital role in driving the growth of cryonics technology market. The use of cryonics technology in wide applications such as Animal husbandry, Fishery science, Medical science, Preservation of microbiology culture, Conserving plant biodiversity majorly drives the growth of the market.

Factors Covered For Cryonics Technology Market Penetration

1. Market Entry and Top Winning Strategies Cryonics Technology Market Report adopted by Top Leading Players.

2. Geographical Analysis of the Cryonics Technology Market with respect to Product and Services.

3. Potential Countries to Grasp for Investment.

4. Prospective Risk for Suppliers and Manufacturers.

5. Key Performance Indicators of Global Executive Players based on Financial Positioning Identify In The Whole Market.

6. Market Dynamics in the Cryonics Technology Industry and Its Impact on Worldwide Market.

Scope of the Report

The research on the Cryonics Technology market concentrates on extracting valuable data on swelling investment pockets, significant growth opportunities, and major market vendors to help understand business owners what their competitors are doing best to stay ahead in the competition. Detailed analysis of critical aspects such as impacting factors and competitive landscape are showcased with the help of vital resources, which include charts, tables, and infographics.

Additionally, the report offers an in-depth analysis of key market players functioning in the global cryonics technology industry. The key players profiled in this report include Sigma-Aldrich, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Cryotherm, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Praxair, Osiris Cryonics, Cellulis, VWR, Cryologics, Custom Biogenic Systems, Southern Cryonics and KrioRus.

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Most important key Products Type [Outlook(Revenue, USD Million, 20192029)] of Cryonics Technology covered in this report are:

Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Based on end-user/application [Outlook(Revenue, USD Million, 20192029)], this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications:

Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Geographically, this report focuses on product sales, value, market share, and growth opportunity in key regions such as,

North America (United States, Canada), Market Size, Y-O-Y Growth Market size, Y-O-Y Growth and Opportunity Analysis, Future Forecast

Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Rest of LATAM), Market Size, Y-O-Y Growth, Future Forecast

Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Hungary, BENELUX (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), NORDIC (Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland), Poland, Russia, Rest of Europe), Market Size, Y-O-Y Growth, Future Forecast

Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, Rest of Asia-Pacific), Market Size, Y-O-Y Growth, Future Forecast

The Middle East and Africa (Israel, GCC (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman), North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa), Market size, Y-O-Y Growth, Future Forecast

You can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report versions like North America, Europe or Asia or Country like US, UK, China and others. Click Here to Get Customized Report inquiry.

The Cryonics Technology market study answers critical questions including:

What tactics are being utilized by the cryonics technology market players to expand their production footprint in the region?

What are the possibilities and threats faced by players in the global cryonics technology market mutually?

Why the key region scale holds the majority of share in the global cryonics technology market?

Why segment has the largest consumption in the region?

Which industries remain the leading consumers of the cryonics technology across the globe?

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Table Of Content

Chapter 1 Cryonics Technology Market Introduction (Taxonomy and Market Definition)

Chapter 2 Research Methodology verified by

Chapter 3 Players Profiles and Pipeline Analysis

Chapter 4 Cryonics Technology Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 5 Cryonics Technology Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 6 Cryonics Technology Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2020-2029)

Chapter 7 Cryonics Technology Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2020-2029)

Chapter 8 Cryonics Technology Manufacturing Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Market Dynamics

Chapter 11 Cryonics Technology Market Forecast (2020-2029)

Chapter 12 Research Findings and Conclusion

Chapter 13 Appendix

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Cryonics Technology Market | Business Revenue Forecast and Geography Analysis Based on Growth Factors, Demand and Trends by 2029 - TechnoVally

Cryonics Technology Market 2020: Qualitative Analysis of the Leading Players and Competitive Industry Scenario – Germany English News

Cryonics TechnologyMarket reports provides a comprehensive overview of the global market size and share.Cryonics Technologymarket data reports also provide a 5 year pre-historic and forecast for the sector and include data on socio-economic data of global. Key stakeholders can consider statistics, tables & figures mentioned in this report for strategic planning which lead to success of the organization

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The report firstly introduced the Cryonics Technology basics: definitions, classifications, applications and market overview; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures, raw materials and so on. Then it analyzed the worlds main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand and market growth rate and forecast etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis. The report also presents the market competition landscape and a corresponding detailed analysis of the major vendor/manufacturers in the Cryonics Technology market.

The key players covered in this study, Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics

Market segment by Type, the product can be split intoSlow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Market segment by Application, split intoAnimal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Global Cryonics Technology Industry 2020 Market Research Report is spread across 92 pages and provides exclusive vital statistics, data, information, trends and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

What to Expect From This Report on Cryonics Technology Market:

The developmental plans for your business based on the value of the cost of the production and value of the products, and more for the coming years.

A detailed overview of regional distributions of popular products in the Cryonics Technology Market.

How do the major companies and mid-level manufacturers make a profit within the Cryonics Technology Market?

Estimate the break-in for new players to enter the Cryonics Technology Market.

Comprehensive research on the overall expansion within the Cryonics Technology Market for deciding the product launch and asset developments.

Regions Covered in Cryonics Technology Market are:-

North and South America



South Korea



Research Objectives of Cryonics Technology Market:

To study and analyze the global Cryonics Technology consumption (value & volume) by key regions/countries, product type and application, history data from 2014 to 2020, and forecast to 2026.

To understand the structure of Cryonics Technology market by identifying its various sub segments.Focuses on the key global Cryonics Technology manufacturers, to define, describe and analyze the sales volume, value, market share, market competition landscape, SWOT analysis and development plans in next few years.

To analyze the Cryonics Technology with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the total market.

To share detailed information about the key factors influencing the growth of the market (growth potential, opportunities, drivers, industry-specific challenges and risks).

To project the consumption of Cryonics Technology submarkets, with respect to key regions (along with their respective key countries).

To analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches, and acquisitions in the market.

To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.

Major Points from Table of Contents1 Study Coverage1.1 Cryonics Technology Product Introduction1.2 Key Market Segments in This Study1.3 Key Manufacturers Covered1.4 Market by Type1.4.1 Global Cryonics Technology Market Size Growth Rate by Type1.4.2 Specialty Gas Grade (Low Purity)1.4.3 Research Grade (High Purity)1.5 Market by Application1.5.1 Global Cryonics Technology Market Size Growth Rate by Application1.5.2 Nuclear Application1.5.3 Non-Nuclear Application1.6 Study Objectives1.7 Years Considered

2 Executive Summary2.1 Global Cryonics Technology Production2.1.1 Global Cryonics Technology Revenue 2014-20262.1.2 Global Cryonics Technology Production 2014-20262.1.3 Global Cryonics Technology Capacity 2014-20262.1.4 Global Cryonics Technology Marketing Pricing and Trends2.2 Cryonics Technology Growth Rate (CAGR) 2020-20262.3 Analysis of Competitive Landscape2.3.1 Manufacturers Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)2.3.2 Key Cryonics Technology Manufacturers2.3.2.1 Cryonics Technology Manufacturing Base Distribution, Headquarters2.3.2.2 Manufacturers Cryonics Technology Product Offered2.3.2.3 Date of Manufacturers Enter into Cryonics Technology Market2.4 Market Drivers, Trends and Issues

3 Market Size by Manufacturers3.1 Cryonics Technology Production by Manufacturers3.1.1 Cryonics Technology Production by Manufacturers3.1.2 Cryonics Technology Production Market Share by Manufacturers3.1.3 Global Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)3.2 Cryonics Technology Revenue by Manufacturers3.2.1 Cryonics Technology Revenue by Manufacturers (2014-2020)3.2.2 Cryonics Technology Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2014-2020)3.2.3 Global Cryonics Technology Market Concentration Ratio (CR10 and HHI)3.3 Cryonics Technology Price by Manufacturers3.4 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Cryonics Technology Production by Regions

5 Cryonics Technology Consumption by Regions

6 Market Size by Type

7 Market Size by Application

8 Manufacturers Profiles

9 Production Forecasts

10 Consumption Forecast

11 Upstream, Industry Chain and Downstream Customers Analysis

12 Opportunities & Challenges, Threat and Affecting Factors

13 Key Findings

14 Appendix

In addition, this report discusses the key drivers influencing market growth, opportunities, the challenges and the risks faced by key manufacturers and the market as a whole. It also analyzes key emerging trends and their impact on present and future development.

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Cryonics Technology Market 2020: Qualitative Analysis of the Leading Players and Competitive Industry Scenario - Germany English News

Cryonics Technology Market on the basis of Usability, Technology, Procedure, Application, and Region by (2020-2026) – Science In Me

Cryonics Technology Market 2020 Report comprises of strong research of global business which empowers the consumer to look at the possible requirement as well as foresee the implementation. The restraints and drivers have been assembled following a deep study of the global Cryonics Technology Market proficiency. The development ratio thats requested from the viewpoint of the rational analysis offers detailed info of the global Cryonics Technology industry. Cryonics Technology Market Research report has analyzed all current trends and previous status of business under the supervision of business specialists. By which report supplies impending assessment of Cryonics Technology Market that includes market size in value and volume by region, manufacturers, kind and application.

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Top Companies in the Cryonics Technology Market Report:PraxairCustom Biogenic SystemsCryothermCellulisThermo Fisher ScientificCryologicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationVWRKrioRusOregon CryonicsOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics


In this report were presenting our clients with the most in detailed records of the Cryonics Technology Market and as the global markets are converting very rapidly especially in the last few years the markets are becoming tougher to get a hold of and subsequently our analysts have organized a detailed review while considering the history of the marketplace and a very specific forecast in accordance with the past.

The given document specializes in prominent manufacturers of Cryonics Technology marketplace and discusses aspects such as organization profiles, production, fee, cost, sales, product photograph and specification, potential, and other essentials to make it big in the market. Upstream raw materials, device, and additives, &downstream demand evaluation are also discussed. The Global Cryonics Technology market growth developments and advertising and marketing channels are also taken into consideration.

By Type, Cryonics Technology market has been segmented into:Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

By Application, Cryonics Technology has been segmented into:Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

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Table of Content:

1 Market Overview2 Companys Profiles3 Sales, Revenue and Market Share by companies4 Global Market Analysis by Regions5 North America by Country6 Europe by Country7 Asia-Pacific by Regions8 South America by Country9 Middle East & Africa by Countries10 Market Segment by Type11 Global Cryonics Technology Market Segment by Application12 Market Forecast13 Sales Channel, Distributors, Traders and Dealers14 Research Findings and Conclusion15 Appendix

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Cryonics Technology Market on the basis of Usability, Technology, Procedure, Application, and Region by (2020-2026) - Science In Me

The Strange and Often Radical Pursuit of Immortality in Russia – The Nation

Liquid-nitrogen-filled human storage unit at Russian cryonics firm KrioRus, 2020. (Alexey Sazonov / AFP / Getty Images)

I stand against confiscatory taxes, totalitarian collectives, and the ideology of the inevitability of the death of every individual, venture capitalist Peter Thiel declared in his 2009 essay The Education of a Libertarian. His opposition to taxes and totalitarian collectives is hardly surprising; his ongoing campaign against human mortality is a bit more quixotic. For Thiel, death is just another obstacle to be overcome by the synergy of extraordinary wealth and cutting-edge technology.1Ad Policy Books in Review

Thiels vision cant be called utopian, because its about no one but him. According to one of the more scandalous reports on his quest to live forever, he was considering injections of young peoples blood in an effort to slow the aging process, a service offered by a California company called Ambrosia. The story caught fire not only because of the dubious efficacy of the procedure but also because it looked like a literal expression of vampiric capitalism: the youth and strength of the poor harvested for the benefit of the ultrarich. This dystopian scenario was merely an exaggerated version of the grotesquely unequal US health care system, in which the wealthy buy longevity while the poor die prematurely for lack of basic care.2

Thiel is not the first to explore the idea of life-extending blood transfusions. In fact, this practice has its origins in a truly utopian and egalitarian, if even more biologically suspect, experiment. Aleksandr Bogdanov, a prominent early Bolshevik and science fiction writer, investigated the rejuvenating properties of blood transfusions in the 1920s, though he soon died after exchanging blood with a tubercular student. As anthropologist Anya Bernstein discusses in The Future of Immortality: Remaking Life and Death in Contemporary Russia, Bogdanovs hope was not merely to prolong the lives of individuals; he envisioned a sanguine communism in which all were granted an equal share of societys collective health through blood exchanges. In his popular 1908 sci-fi novel Red Star, a revolutionary Russian scientist travels to Mars and visits a communist society that has eliminated inequalitynot just in property but also in health and strengthas well as gender binaries. The happy Martians participate in regular blood exchanges that extend their lives and break down the barriers among them.3

Bogdanovs ideal of physiological collectivism, as he called it, didnt make his experiments any less dangerous on a biological level (as he tragically discovered). But his project was a libertarians nightmare and a far cry from a model in which a rich few purchase the blood of the impoverished many. In The Future of Immortality, we meet a number of Bogdanovs heirs, Russians who hope to extend life for all of humankind. Many are adamant in their commitment to collective transcendence, and some even have government funding. Their projects are often ludicrous from a scientific perspective, but Bernstein isnt concerned with that. Instead, she seeks to understand what these Russian ways of remaking life and death reveal about human efforts to bring the future into the present, even as the future turns into an increasingly scary place.4

The story of the Russian battle against death begins in the second half of the 19th century, when the country was in a state of entropy. Writers like Nikolai Chernyshevsky, the author of What Is to Be Done?, were imagining new modes of communal, egalitarian living, while revolutionary activists and terrorists sought to eradicate the old class hierarchies. In this heady atmosphere, the Russian quest for immortality was born. At Moscows central library, Nikolai Fedorov, a teacher turned philosopher-librarian, was writing feverish treatises on a form of collective life that could transcend both time and death.5

Fedorov believed that if humankind could train its full energy on the struggle to live forever, all war and other forms of conflict would vanish. He called this project the common cause. Just as he worked as a librarian to preserve the books in his care so they would be available to future generations, so too could humankind work to preserve each person in a library of eternal life. Every human being was a unique and precious repository of information and experiences, and Fedorov wanted to ensure that they would all remain available in perpetuity.6

Fedorovs ambition was not limited to those still living. He imagined resurrecting every person who had ever lived. Inverting the idea of the duty of the living to future generations, he argued that we owe a resurrectory debt to our parents, and he insisted that as technology advanced, we would pay off this debt by piecing our families back together from bones and even specks of dust. (A crackpot visionary rather than a scientist, he was short on specifics about how we might do this.) To solve the problem of housing the vast resurrected population, he looked to space, proposing the colonization of the galaxya hope shared by people like Thiel and Elon Musk today. But Fedorov imagined the work and benefits of immortality as collective and universal. He accumulated a number of followers during his lifetime and after his death, and his reputation as an eccentric visionary endures in Russia.7Current Issue

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Leaping into the future to resurrect the past, Fedorovs theories were a strange start for Soviet and Russian technofuturism. But nostalgia often lies at the heart of grand visions of the future. The Narodniki, followers of the movement from which many early Russian revolutionaries emerged, celebrated the traditional peasant commune as the seed of socialism. The fear of destruction can be another powerful motivator. In our moment of belated panic over the climate crisis, it might be surprising to learn from Bernstein that the potential end of a habitable planet was also discussed in Fedorovs time. The second law of thermodynamics, according to which entropy in a closed system never decreases, was postulated in the mid-19th century and soon resulted in predictions of the universes eventual heat death.8

This secular eschatology, as Bernstein calls it, and the loss of faith in Earths immortality prompted a deep anxiety among some European intellectuals. Darwin wrote that it was an intolerable thought that [humans] and all other sentient beings are doomed to complete annihilation after such long-continued slow progress. One of the characters in Dostoevskys The Adolescent asked, reasonably enough, Why should I unequivocally love my neighbor or your future mankind, which Ill never get to see, which wont know about me and which in turn will turn into dust, leaving not a single trace or memory behindwhen the Earth [becomes] an icy rock and [flies] off into the void with an infinite number of similar icy rocks? (Not everyone bought the theory. In an 1869 letter to Marx, Engels denounced the notion of the planets heat death; dialectical materialism demanded an indestructible universe.) Fedorovs theories promised to restore meaning and purpose to existenceto overcome the death of the individual, of humankind, and of the planet.9

The focus on human extinction also began to yield real scientific results. Among those who studied at Fedorovs library was an impoverished young autodidact named Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who went on to prove the possibility of spaceflight through his calculations for liquid-propellant rockets. Although his proof was rejected by serious journals, it eventually became the basis for Soviet rocket design through the efforts of amateur spaceflight enthusiasts beginning in the 1930s. Like Fedorov, Tsiolkovsky wanted to help humans populate the universe in preparation for the moment when Earth became uninhabitable. Journeys into space were only one step in the creation of a more perfect version of humanity in which, as Tsiolkovsky explained, human bodies would be transformed into radiation, allowing all human beings to merge into the radiant state of a higher order. Fedorovs ideas were suffused with his devout Russian Orthodox faith, making them a bad fit for the atheist Soviet Union. Tsiolkovsky, on the other hand, offered a more scientific approach to space exploration and the transcendence of human boundaries and was therefore far more palatable. He became a hero, the founding father of cosmonautics.10

Fedorovs writings were eventually banned in the USSR because of their religious content and their general dissonance with Soviet doctrine. But in part for this very reason, his ideas continued to percolate. In the 1960s and 70s, Moscows Socrates was resurrected by a new generation of dissidents. Intrigued by his link to the Soviet space program and by forbidden spiritual matters more generally, some members of the Soviet underground took up the study of his ideas. A young woman named Svetlana Semenova wrote a samizdat text on him and then published her work legally after official censorship loosened.11Related Article

Deeply religious, Semenova considered Fedorovs teachings to be the only meaningful advance made by Christianity since antiquity, in Bernsteins words, pairing futurism with a faith in spiritual immortality. She viewed the discovery of DNA as confirmation of her theory that every particle of the body carries an imprint of the soul. In the 1980s, as Soviet citizens watched the TV funerals of one Communist Party general secretary after another, Semenova indoctrinated her teenage daughters with a firm belief in resurrection. The planet hadnt died, but by 1991, the Soviet Union had. As they watched the spectacle unfold, she and her daughters imagined eternal life.12

The Future of Immortality opens with a wonderfully vivid scene that illustrates how the legacy of Fedorov, Bogdanov, and Tsiolkovsky has become the nostalgic futurism of the new millennium. Its 2012, and a few dozen people have gathered in front of Moscows Karl Marx statue for a demonstration:13

A middle-aged man held a poster demanding Old People Should Live. Others read, We Are for Regenerative Medicine and I Want to Be a GMO. One young man rode a futuristic-looking electric unicycle around the giant rock slab with Marxs torso emerging out of it, held up by the inscription Proletarians of the world, unite! A fifty-something woman walked by with a sign declaring We Are for Immortality.14

The Soviet Union is a thing of the past, but Marx is still standing. Moscow may be filled with creative professionals and entrepreneurs who click-clack on MacBook Pros in Instagram-ready coffee shops, but not every Russian has renounced utopias or embraced the new order. One of the speakers at this Rally for Radical Life Extension is Anastasia Gacheva, who is Semenovas daughter. Gacheva followed in her mothers footsteps and is now the face of Cosmism, as Fedorovs philosophy is called. She runs the Fedorov Society, which holds regular open seminars at the Fedorov Museum-Library in southern Moscow.15

All social doctrinesall the social utopias humanity has tried to achieve have stumbled up against the short-breathedness of man, Gacheva tells the crowd. The utopias stumbled on mans deepest misfortune, which is his mortality. Mortal man cannot be made happy. This is why communism did not succeed. Needless to say, this is a novel diagnosis of communisms failure. It wasnt the command economy, the Cold War, or growing popular resistance that brought the Soviet Union down but rather the failure to achieve eternal life. Until all people unite in the common causethe struggle against deaththe world will be rife with conflict, whether or not the state professes itself a utopia.16

Reflecting on her upbringing in a conversation with Bernstein, Gacheva makes it clear that she and her family were not Soviet apologists but that she values the way the USSR fostered a collectivist consciousness, put a value on friendship and mutual aidqualities that are important for society and for any collective undertaking. Her parents, who struggled to publish under Soviet censorship, were poor, but that wasnt really a problem. We were fine, she recalls. In the Soviet periodit was even shameful to be rich. This is, of course, hardly the case in post-Soviet Russia, with its dwindling social safety net and rampant inequality. Bernstein notes that at least one of the participants in the Fedorov seminars is occasionally homeless.17

The Cosmists of today are vintage futurists, many of them elderly. Despite the vast medical and technological advances that have occurred since Fedorovs day, they pursue their passion through philosophical debate and exhaustive analysis of his writings. Though they advocate for life extension research and maintain some ties with other, more scientifically oriented groups, the Cosmists do not engage in much practical activity. They are holdovers from an era when pure theorizing was considered a viable means of transforming reality. The exigencies of post-Soviet life will likely make it difficult for their movement to survive.18

Other Russian life-extensionist groups are (somewhat) more practical and scientifically minded. The next speaker we meet at the rally is Valerija Pride. Though she is a militant atheist, she and Gacheva are friendly and regularly exchange ideas. They are, after all, united in Fedorovs common cause. Trained as a physicist in the Soviet days, Pride is the director of KrioRus, Russias first cryonics company, which she founded in 2006 with an economist and a biophysicist. The trios primary goal was to offer free or low-cost cryonics for the relatives and pets of activists. In 2008, Pride froze her mother. Like Gacheva, Pride retains some fondness for the Soviet ways. When she informs Bernstein that KrioRus has just frozen four people in a single month, she adds excitedly, That means society is ready for this. Maybe because were used to grand projectsthe Soviet Union, the exploration of space.19

Unlike the Soviet space program, however, KrioRus is a shoestring operation, staffed mostly by volunteers. Its storage facility, at a volunteers dacha plot an hour outside Moscow, consists of a simple concrete and metal structure with two dewars. Named for James Dewar, the inventor of the thermos, these insulated vacuum vats currently hold 71 patients from 15 countries, as well as 19 cats, 10 dogs, four birds, four hamsters, two rabbits, and a chinchilla. Would-be cryopatients make arrangements in advance so that KrioRus can take charge of their bodies at the moment of death, cooling them to 196 degrees Celsius and replacing their blood with cryoprotectant. The patients are then placed in a dewar to await the invention of technologies necessary for a gut renovation. The international scientific consensus remains deeply skeptical of cryonics promise, but Bernstein doesnt mention this fact. Shes interested in the ideological and cultural aspects of cryonics, not its medical feasibility.20

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Regardless of their scientific credibility, KrioRuss activities have provoked much ideological and theological debate, especially among the facilitys neighbors, who fear that they will soon be invaded by zombies, animated corpses, or the soulless living dead. In Russian Orthodox tradition, the soul leaves the body 40 days after death, which makes cryonic corpse storage appalling to believers. Cryonicists are not troubled by the prospect of zombies; they consider death to occur in stages. Only when the body has begun to decompose is the process complete. In their view, selfhood resides in the brain and its memories, so preservation of the brain is preservation of the self. For this reason, KrioRus offers two options: freezing the whole body or just the brain. The second option is about 66 percent cheaper and avoids quarrels with relatives and priests, since the body can be buried with the signs of brain extraction concealed. It is also considered more advanced ideologically, as it implies agreement with the idea that personality consists entirely of long-term memories stored in the brain.21

KrioRus is the worlds third-largest cryonics company and the only one outside the United States. Though early Russian scientists researched anabiosis, or suspension by freezing, and despite the epic preservation of Lenins corpse, the idea of freezing the dead in the hope of reanimating them later found more popularity in the United States than in the Soviet Union or Russia. Is KrioRus simply an effort to import this big American business to Russia? Bernstein argues that KrioRus is profoundly different from the more profit-oriented American cryonics companies because it was founded as a kind of cooperative endeavor (and a nongovernmental organization) and because it represents a form of long-term and intergenerational caregiving. Those who sign up entrust KrioRus and future generations with the care of their bodies, she continues, putting their faith in the continuation of society and in the promise that living people will maintain the vats and bring the frozen back to life whenever it becomes possible. In the best-case scenario for cryonics, the living will fulfill Fedorovs ideal of filial duty by resurrecting their forebears.22

This part of Bernsteins argument is somewhat shaky, since American cryonics (which she mentions only in passing) has been heavily focused on the preservation of relatives, especially parents, and since any people who agree to be frozen inevitably put their trust in future generations. But KrioRuss collaboration (as at the Rally for Radical Life Extension) and philosophical disputes with the Cosmists do give Russian cryonics a special flavor. When Semenova, the grande dame of Cosmism, was dying, KrioRus offered her a free place in one of its dewars. Her daughter declined on her behalf, citing a desire to remain faithful to Fedorovs vision of universal immortality. Semenova was not categorically opposed to cryonics, but she was unwilling to participate until it became a socialized and universal practice. Until the very end, she remained adamant that the pursuit of immortality was meaningful only if it included everyone.23

The Cosmists represent an older way of imagining immortality in Russia. KrioRus stands for a version that is more global and less socialist, albeit one that is still informed by the distinctive egalitarian legacy of Cosmism, of Bogdanovs physiological collectivism, and of Soviet hopes to transform the human race. Unlike the Soviet projects, however, Cosmism and KrioRus are small, independent entities, without substantial resources or government backing. After examining these scrappier efforts, Bernstein turns her attention to more profit-minded start-ups, some of which are backed by the Russian state.24

When the Soviet Union fell, the Russian government found itself badly in need of a national idea to guide the much-diminished country into the future. The search prompted widespread discussion in the government and media. So far, the leading options have focused on the past, notably in the ever more grandiose celebrations of victory in World War II. But some Russians feel that their country would be better off looking to the future, as the Soviets didfor example, by reinvigorating the space program, one of the greatest sources of Soviet pride, or by helping to create a new and improved human being.25

The Russian state has come around to this idea as well. The organization NeuroNet, for example, has received funding from Russias Presidential Council. Part of the Foresight Fleet, which is sponsored by the Russian state and charged with the search for national technological ideas, NeuroNet is focused on human enhancement rather than immortality. The projects founders imagine connecting the entire human race using neurointerfaces, essentially linking brains directly. Timour Shchoukine, one of its leading members, envisions a world in which neurointerfaces allow humankind to solve problems togethera more direct and comprehensive version of the hive mindand thus overcome the difficulties caused by failures of communication.26

NeuroNet acknowledges that its plan poses its own dangers. The impossibility of concealment could lead to a host of terrible conflictssocial, political, martial, maritalas every tactless thought is revealed. Other dangers include the risk of a generation that never learns how to read or communicate verbally, the possibility of hackers entering your brain and stealing its contents, and the near certainty of corporate and government abuse of this power, including mind control. Bernstein deems the last threat particularly alarming in light of the extensive sponsorship of NeuroNet by the Russian government, which has proved willing to jail its citizens on the basis of Facebook posts. But NeuroNet cocreator Pavel Luksha tells Bernstein that at this point, humankind has little left to lose: Weve already created a situation where we will either break through to over there or become extinct as a species.27

The idea of a neurological interface is neither new nor distinctively Russian, but NeuroNets vision of collective transcendence is in keeping with the Russian tradition that Bernstein identifies. Of all the contemporary projects she examines, it is also arguably the most radical. As Luksha, who was inspired by Tsiolkovsky and his vision of the radiant state, explains:28

We will see the emergence of a true collective consciousness, where people have no borders separating their self from the selves of others. Where did this thought come from, how did this emotion arise? It will be such that people in these communities will feel themselves as one body.29

As the climate crisis escalates, visions of annihilation and resurrection have assumed new urgency, moving beyond the realm of the human and peering deeper into the past. Pleistocene Park, which Bernstein mentions in passing, is a project in Arctic Siberia intended to restore the steppe ecosystem that existed there during the Pleistocene. A grassy steppe should not only reflect more light (and thus absorb less heat) than an expanse of trees and shrubs, but it should also freeze more quickly in the winter. Theoretically, it could slow the disastrous, greenhouse-gas-emitting thaw of the permafrost that accounts for more than half of Russias territory. Extending and maintaining a vast new steppe requires the continuous tramping and tree felling of large herbivores, the kind that earlier humans hunted to extinction. Pleistocene Parks director has been importing bison, horses, musk oxen, and other species, and he hopes to add the woolly mammoth, which went extinct about 4,000 years ago. This ambitious and perhaps fanciful project is the fruit of a Russian-American collaboration. Harvard geneticist George Church is attempting to edit the genome of the Asian elephant to make it resemble the woolly mammoths. He hopes to deliver within the next decade. What would Fedorov think?30

Silicon Valleys technological advances may have brought us closer to a world of neurointerfaces, but its ventures have done far more to hasten climate change than to mitigate it. Thiel, a fracking enthusiast and critic of global carbon-emission restrictions, dreams of buying off death and leaving for spacebut where will the rest of us live? The Cosmists are right about one thing, at least: The battle against extinction can only be a collective endeavor.31

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The Strange and Often Radical Pursuit of Immortality in Russia - The Nation

The False Science of Cryonics – MIT Technology Review

I woke up on Saturday to a heartbreaking front-page article in the New York Times about a terminally ill young woman who chooses to freeze her brain. She is drawn into a cottage industry spurred by transhumanist principles that offers to preserve people in liquid nitrogen immediately after death and store their bodies (or at least their heads) in hopes that they can be reanimated or digitally replicated in a technologically advanced future.

Proponents have added a patina of scientific plausibility to this idea by citing the promise of new technologies in neuroscience, particularly recent work in connectomicsa field that maps the connections between neurons. The suggestion is that a detailed map of neural connections could be enough to restore a persons mind, memories, and personality by uploading it into a computer simulation.

Science tells us that a map of connections is not sufficient to simulate, let alone replicate, a nervous system, and that there are enormous barriers to achieving immortality in silico. First, what information is required to replicate a human mind? Second, do current or foreseeable freezing methods preserve the necessary information, and how will this information be recovered? Third, and most confounding to our intuition, would a simulation really be you?

I study a small roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans, which is by far the best-described animal in all of biology. We know all of its genes and all of its cells (a little over 1,000). We know the identity and complete synaptic connectivity of its 302 neurons, and we have known it for 30 years.

If we could upload or roughly simulate any brain, it should be that of C. elegans. Yet even with the full connectome in hand, a static model of this network of connections lacks most of the information necessary to simulate the mind of the worm. In short, brain activity cannot be inferred from synaptic neuroanatomy.

Synapses are the physical contacts between neurons where a special form of chemoelectric signalingneurotransmissionoccurs, and they come in many varieties. They are complex molecular machines made of thousands of proteins and specialized lipid structures. It is the precise molecular composition of synapses and the membranes they are embedded in that confers their properties. The presence or absence of a synapse, which is all that current connectomics methods tell us, suggests that a possible functional relationship between two neurons exists, but little or nothing about the nature of this relationshipprecisely what you need to know to simulate it.

Additionally, neurons and other cells in the brain are in constant communication through signaling pathways that do not act through synapses. Many of the signals that regulate fundamental behaviors such as eating, sleeping, mood, mating, and social bonding are mediated by chemical cues acting through networks that are invisible to us anatomically. We know that the same set of synaptic connections can function very differently depending on what mix of these signals is present at a given time. These issues highlight an important distinction: the colossally hard problem of simulating any brain as opposed to the stupendously more difficult task of replicating a particular brain, which is required for the promised personal immortality of uploading.

The features of your neurons (and other cells) and synapses that make you you are not generic. The vast array of subtle chemical modifications, states of gene regulation, and subcellular distributions of molecular complexes are all part of the dynamic flux of a living brain. These things are not details that average out in a large nervous system; rather, they are the very things that engrams (the physical constituents of memories) are made of.

While it might be theoretically possible to preserve these features in dead tissue, that certainly is not happening now. The technology to do so, let alone the ability to read this information back out of such a specimen, does not yet exist even in principle. It is this purposeful conflation of what is theoretically conceivable with what is ever practically possible that exploits peoples vulnerability.

Finally, would an upload really be you? This is unanswerable, but we can dip our toes in. Whatever our subjective sense of self is, lets assume it arises from the operation of the physical matter of the brain. We could also tentatively conclude that such awareness is substrate-neutral: if brains can be conscious, a computer program that does everything a brain does should be conscious, too. If one is also willing to imagine arbitrarily complex technology, then we can also think about simulating a brain down to the synaptic or molecular or (why not?) atomic or quantum level.

But what is this replica? Is it subjectively you or is it a new, separate being? The idea that you can be conscious in two places at the same time defies our intuition. Parsimony suggests that replication will result in two different conscious entities. Simulation, if it were to occur, would result in a new person who is like you but whose conscious experience you dont have access to.

That means that any suggestion that you can come back to life is simply snake oil. Transhumanists have responses to these issues. In my experience, they consist of alternating demands that we trust our intuition about nonexistent technology (uploading could work) but deny our intuition about consciousness (it would not be me).

No one who has experienced the disbelief of losing a loved one can help but sympathize with someone who pays $80,000 to freeze their brain. But reanimation or simulation is an abjectly false hope that is beyond the promise of technology and is certainly impossible with the frozen, dead tissue offered by the cryonics industry. Those who profit from this hope deserve our anger and contempt.

Michael Hendricks is a neuroscientist and assistant professor of biology at McGill University.

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The False Science of Cryonics - MIT Technology Review

Cryonics Technology Market Application Analysis(Animal husbandry, Fishery science) and Forecast 2020-2029 – TheLoop21

The report on Global Cryonics Technology Market delivers recent industry information and highlights the latest trends and insights which were impacting the growth of the market. In addition to this, it highlights the top market vendors, key drivers, and various analysis techniques with a market forecast from 2020 to 2029. Furthermore, the Cryonics Technology market size, trade facts discussion and market share evaluation helps to understand the entire industry structure accordingly. Besides that, it lists business outlook, revenue, and consumption Cryonics Technology market by top market manufacturers: Praxair, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Cryotherm, Cellulis, KrioRus, Osiris Cryonics, VWR, Custom Biogenic Systems, Cryologics, Sigma-Aldrich, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Oregon Cryonics and Southern Cryonics.

The aim of the Global Cryonics Technology Market research report is to describe the crucial segment and competition in Software and Services industry. That contains Cryonics Technology industrial analysis, regional segment, competing factors, and other analyses. It helps in making essential business decisions by having complete insights of Cryonics Technology market as well as by making an in-depth analysis of different segments. The Cryonics Technology industry report is a beneficial source of perceptive data for a business approach. It presents the Cryonics Technology market overview with growth analysis together with historical & futuristic costs. Further identifies the Cryonics Technology revenue, specifications, company profile, demand and supply data. This facilitates the reader to gain a precise view of the Cryonics Technology competing for landscape and plan the strategies accordingly.

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Cryonics Technology Market Application Analysis(Animal husbandry, Fishery science) and Forecast 2020-2029 - TheLoop21

Huge Demand of Cryonics Technology Market 2020 Predictable to Witness Sustainable Evolution Over 2024 Including Leading Vendors- Praxair, Cellulis,…

The Alcor Life Extension Foundation is the world leader incryonics,cryonicsresearch, andcryonics technology.Cryonicsis the practice of using ultra-cold temperature to preserve a human body with the intent of restoring good health when thetechnologybecomes available to do.

The Cryonics Technology Market to raise in terms of revenues and CAGR values during the forecast period 2020-2027

The report, titled Cryonics Technology Market defines and briefs readers about its products, applications, and specifications. The research lists key companies operating in the global market and also highlights the key changing trends adopted by the companies to maintain their dominance. By using SWOT analysis and Porters five force analysis tools, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of key companies are all mentioned in the report. All leading players in this global market are profiled with details such as product types, business overview, sales, manufacturing base, competitors, applications, and specifications.

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Top Key Players of Cryonics Technology Market: Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich

The Research Corporation report focuses on the Cryonics Technology Market provides the analysis report includes the drivers and restraints of the market space along with data regarding the innovative progress in the field. Moreover, it explains the essential constituents to gain stability and maintain a persistent evolution in this industry. It elaborates on the variety of techniques that are implemented by the present key players and sheds light upon the amendments required to suit the developments in the market.

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The region segments of Cryonics Technology Market are: United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India, Central & South America.

By Market Product: Slow freezing, Vitrification, Ultra-rapidBy Application: Animal husbandry, Fishery science, Medical science, Preservation of microbiology culture, Conserving plant biodiversity

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Huge Demand of Cryonics Technology Market 2020 Predictable to Witness Sustainable Evolution Over 2024 Including Leading Vendors- Praxair, Cellulis,...

Cryonics Technology Market Comprehensive Study With Key Trends, Major Drivers And Challenges 2020-2026 – News Times

A detailed research study on the Cryonics Technology Market was recently published by DataIntelo. The report puts together a concise analysis of the growth factors influencing the current business scenario across various regions. Significant information pertaining to the industry analysis size, share, application, and statistics are summed in the report in order to present an ensemble prediction. Additionally, this report encompasses an accurate competitive analysis of major market players and their strategies during the projection timeline.

The latest report on the Cryonics Technology Market consists of an analysis of this industry and its segments. As per the report, the market is estimated to gain significant returns and register substantial y-o-y growth during the forecast period.

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According to the report, the study offers details regarding the valuable estimations of the market such as market size, sales capacity, and profit projections. The report documents factors such as drivers, restraints, and opportunities that impacts the remuneration of this market.

An Outline of the Major Key Points of the Cryonics Technology Market Report:

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The Geographical Landscape of the Market Include:

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Some of the Major Highlights of TOC Covers:Chapter 1: Executive Summary

Chapter 2: Methodology & Scope

Chapter 3: Market Insights

Chapter 4: Company Profiles

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Cryonics Technology Market Comprehensive Study With Key Trends, Major Drivers And Challenges 2020-2026 - News Times

Global Cryonics Technology Market 2020 SWOT Analysis, Drivers, Restraints, Growing Opportunities, Latest Trends, Applications and Forecast To 2025 -…

The study on Global Cryonics Technology Market, offers deep insights about the Cryonics Technology Market covering all the crucial aspects of the market. Moreover, the report provides historical information with future forecast over the forecast period. Some of the important aspects analyzed in the report includes market share, production, key regions, revenue rate as well as key players. This Cryonics Technology report also provides the readers with detailed figures at which the Cryonics Technology Market was valued in the historical year and its expected growth in upcoming years. Besides, analysis also forecasts the CAGR at which the Cryonics Technology is expected to mount and major factors driving markets growth.

Top Players Included In This Report:

The major players covered in Cryonics Technology are:PraxairCustom Biogenic SystemsCryothermCellulisThermo Fisher ScientificCryologicsAlcor Life Extension FoundationVWRKrioRusOregon CryonicsOsiris CryonicsSigma-AldrichSouthern Cryonics

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The Global Cryonics Technology Market is a highly competitive market. It has some players who have been in the business for quite some time. Subsequently there are many startups coming up to seize the huge opportunity this market offers. Some players have a presence only in a particular geography. In addition, the projections offered in this report have been derived with the help of proven research assumptions as well as methodologies. By doing so, the Cryonics Technology research study offers collection of information and analysis for each facet of the Cryonics Technology Market such as technology, regional markets, applications, and types. Likewise, the Cryonics Technology Market report offers some presentations and illustrations about the market that comprises pie charts, graphs, and charts which presents the percentage of the various strategies implemented by the service providers in the Global Cryonics Technology Market.

In addition to this, the report has been designed through the complete surveys, primary research interviews, as well as observations, and secondary research. Likewise, the Global Cryonics Technology Market report also features a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative evaluation by analyzing information collected from market experts and industry participants in the major points of the market value chain. This study offers a separate analysis of the major trends in the existing market, orders and regulations, micro & macroeconomic indicators is also comprised in this report. By doing so, the study estimated the attractiveness of every major segment during the prediction period.

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Types Covered In This Report:

By Type, Cryonics Technology market has been segmented into:Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Applications Covered In This Report:

By Application, Cryonics Technology has been segmented into:Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

The Cryonics Technology Market has its impact all over the globe. On Global level Cryonics Technology industry is segmented on the basis of product type, applications, and regions. It also focusses on market dynamics, Cryonics Technology growth drivers, developing market segments and the market growth curve is offered based on past, present and future market data. The industry plans, news, and policies are presented at a Global and regional level.

Table of Contents1 Market Overview2 Manufacturers Profiles3 Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Manufacturer4 Global Market Analysis by RegionsContinued

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Zoltan Istvan: The Transhumanist Candidate – Roads and Kingdoms

This week on The Trip podcast: Zoltan Istvan has come from the future with a message New Hampshire doesnt want to hear.

Here they are in the New Hampshire Secretary of States office, paying their thousand dollars to be on the official primary ballot. They are the lesser-known candidates, the dramatic fringe of each presidential primary election up here. And they are the stars of my quadrennial quixotic reporting project with photographer Shane Carpenter. And listen, they arent like Tom Steyer lesser-known, theyre like Vermin Supreme lesser-known, Mary Maxwell lesser-known, Zoltan Istvan lesser-known. Almost nobody knows these people, but theyre running anyway. This is the fifth primary that Shane and I have spent ducking out of mainstream campaign press events to track down the people who are just obsessive, idealistic, or imbalanced enough to think they should run for president, often with no money, no support, sometimes no platform really. Of course, the idea of a non-politician becoming president was distinctly more laughable before 2016, and now it doesnt seem that funny at all. But these candidates are something different, a wild bunch, far more entertaining and thought-provoking even than the scripted candidates. Shane and I just published a feature on the lesser-known and their radical approach to democracy on; I hope youll take a look. But for now, in this episode, Ive got one of the most composed and compelling of this years fringe candidates, writer and transhumanist Zoltan Istvan. We drank some 15 year old Dalwinnie Scotch and talked about exoskeletons, being escorted at gunpoint from a megachurch, and why he let someone jam a horse syringe into his hand to give him a permanent bio-chip implant.

Here is an edited and condensed transcript from my conversation with Eva. Subscribers canlisten to the full episode here. If youre not on Luminary yet, subscribe and listen (and get a 7-day free trial) by signing uphere.

Nathan Thornburgh: What is transhumanism?

Zoltan Istvan: Transhumanism is a social movement, now of many millions of people around the world, that want to use science and technology to radically transform the human body and transform the human experience. Anything from exoskeleton suits to brain implants to even driverless cars. But whatever it is, its kind of the top 10% of the most radical technologies that are affecting the human race.

Thornburgh: You say there were many millions. Are these people who would actively knowingly define themselves as transhumanists, or you think its just aligned with the way that they look at the world?

Istvan: I think there are now probably millions that would say, if you ask them are you a transhumanist, they would now say, yes I am. When you ask them, is that what they consider themselves? Thats a little bit more challenging of a question. Google, for example, is probably the most transhumanist of all the companies out there, and they have the largest, what we call life extension company, a company worth billions of dollars, that wants to overcome aging. Its specifically designed to make people essentially live indefinitely. So we are getting to a point when you can now say millions and likely tens of millions who are supporters of the idea. Chinas probably leading the transhumanist movement in terms of innovationthey have the first designer baby babies and stuff like that. So there might be even many more.

But the word is just an umbrella term for many other ideas. Cryonics, singulariatism. Cyborgism. Singularity is the concept of transhumanists where they believe that AI will become so sophisticated that our human brains wont even be able to understand its sophistication. And at that point we get left behind.

The main goal of transhumanism is overcoming death with science and technology.

Thornburgh: The word itself, can you just break it down for me?

Istvan: Well, the Latin would say its beyond human.

Thornburgh: Okay, got it. All of our limitations are physicalchronological aging, mortality. Those are the things that youre going to supersede through technology.

Istvan: Basically, yes. And nobodys really sure like exactly what transhumanism means in terms of the specific agenda. Is it when a primate picked up a rock and made an axe millions of years ago, or is it a robot taking over a workers job, which of course is increasingly happening. Is that transhumanism, or is it brain implants? Nobody really knows, but whatever it is and it radical science is, is sort of changing the human species and the core of it is the microprocessor. It keeps evolving exponentially and we even have things like quantum computing now happening where, you know, that could revolutionize again, the microprocessor. So anything that applies to the human being, in terms of merging us with machines, is a transhuman event.

I think whats very important is that there are various versions of transhumanism. There are socialist transhumanists, there are libertarian transients like myself, and there are transceivers party transhumanism. Of course, Im, Im the founder of the transceivers party, but Im also now running as a Republican. But Ive also run as a libertarian, Ive said openly, I might run as a Democrat in the future. For me, its about the seed of transhumanism. You can take it whichever political way you want. Theres also Christian transhumanism, theres Buddhist transhumanist. So we want a worldwide movement. I want different factions. I want a decentralized idea of it. And I hope to influence it in terms of it grows and grows and grows. Because you have to understand about 80% of the worlds population believes in an afterlife. The main goal of transhumanism is overcoming death with science and technology. Were fighting 80% of the population. So its very important that we coalesce together as a movement that says we need to change that 80%. We need to change their mindset. And thats really where the cultural reform comes in, and why its so important to have a huge movements like environmentalism, where the trajectory is that one day we also become a billion person movement that really wants to move beyond our cultural heritage.

Thornburgh: So lets, lets posit success and you reach those 80% and flip them into transhumanists. What will that actually mean? Does that mean that they will vote for people who pour more resources into death-defying technologies or pass laws? What, practically, would having people be fired up about transhumanism do?

Istvan: Thats the best question. The great question. Thats exactly what Im trying to do. My main goal here with running for office and my main goal of spreading transhumanism is to get more money into the hands of the scientists who are making the movement happen. You have to understand, right now our United States Congress, all 535 members, all nine Supreme Court justices, believe in an afterlife, and they say they believe in God, so they have no real reason to pass laws to put money into the hands of the scientists who want to end aging and live indefinitely and upgrade ourselves to this new bionic future. Now the problem with that is if the entire government doesnt want to give money to it, it doesnt happen. Really only private industry does it. We need an American culture on board with transhumanism.

I run for office in hopes of saying, look, instead of giant military fighting warrants in Afghanistan and Iraq, were going to take that money and put it into creating a science-industrial complex in America dedicated to ending aging and upgrading the human being. Its a very different kind of way. Im interested in American healthcare, in terms of eliminating disease. And thats a very transhuman idea that our president right now doesnt share. A president whos cut the budget of the National Institute of Health.

Im running because, ultimately, I think that Trump has failed the most important part of America: the science and innovation part.

Thornburgh: Youre running as a Republican. This is your opponent.

Istvan: You gotta you gotta hit them hard on that. One thing Trump has done that hasnt been great is hes not only cut the budget of the National Institute of Health, but he hasnt made a culture where science really thrives. In China, its thriving. Chinas our main kind of competitor at this point. So probably within five years, China lead the world in AI and genetic editing. Its game over for America in terms of leadership, and who wants not authoritarian nation to be leading the world and in science and technology. So this is where I really fault Trump. In fact, this is why Im running. This is the singular reason Im running because, ultimately, I think that Trump has failed the most important part of America: the science and innovation part.

Thornburgh: What is your background? Take me way back.

Istvan: My career really began after I graduated from Columbia University, and I went into journalism at National Geographic. And so for five years I traveled around the world and I wrote something like 50 or 60 articles for their website, and also was on their National Geographic Today, show, doing a lot of documentary work. It was a great time in my life. I was in my twenties, I covered a lot of conflict zones, so saw some horrifying things. In Vietnam I was covering the demilitarized zone 20, 30 years after the war. And theres a bunch of rice farmers that now dig up bombs that were dropped in Vietnam from Americans, but theyre unexploded. They sell the metal. But to get there you have to go through these landmine-infested jungles. And I almost stepped on one. It freaked me out because my guide had to throw me out of the way and pointed to the ground. And after covering war zones for a while kind of gets in your head. And it was that moment in Vietnam when I said, you know, Im going to stop being a journalist and Im going to do something to try to overcome death. And of course transhumanism has been an ongoing movement since the 90s, and thats their primary job. Their primary purpose is to use science to overcome death.

Istvan: So I came home, joined the movement, wrote a novel, the novel did really well. It was called The Transhumanist Wager, became a bestseller, and it launched my career as a public figure. And because I was a journalist, I began writing some of the very first transhumanist columns. So Ive had an ability over six years to write over 230 opinion pieces and essays for major media, almost cheerleading transhumanism. Up until that point, no one had ever been optimistic about it. People had been kind of skeptical.

Thornburgh: That literally came from a near-death experience that you had.

Istvan: Its based on two or three years of covering other conflicts. Id covered the Sri Lanka conflict. I covered the Kashmir conflict between Pakistan and India. Id been doing some pretty harrowing stories and it made me, I think it kinda got in my head, I dont want to say its PTSD, but really it made me think, What if we could overcome death? And when it hit me that I could do this, I realized that this is why I want to dedicate my life to.

Thornburgh: Does transhumanism have any rights or rituals or holidays?

Istvan: Its secular. Its a very decentralized movement. A lot of the life-extension people are not interested in the robotics people, because life extension people want to biologically live longer, where the robotics people want to become machines and upload themselves. So even though they are both transhumanist and I like both groups, they dont really talk to each other. Then there are the biohackers, who are mostly young, tattooed people that are putting chips in. I have a chip in my hand. It opens my front door, starts a car, it sends a text message.

Thornburgh: You have this right now?

Istvan: I have it right now. You can touch it. Its right there. Push. Youll see. Youll feel a bump. Its a glass-enclosed microchip.

Thornburgh: Does that hurt when I press your chip?

Istvan: No. Its tiny. Its the size of a grain of rice. When you get these chip implants, you use a horse syringe you just put it in. Its kind of painful. But the chip itself is about the size of a grain rice.

Thornburgh: But that wasnt sexual what we just did?

Istvan: No. Its just a chip.

Thornburgh: How do you program this chip? Is this like a radio-frequency identification?

Istvan: Yeah. Unfortunately, the technology doesnt work with Apple phones, but it works with all Android. And so if you have an Android phone, you will actually be able to put it against my hand and then get my serial number. Of course, that freaks people out, because who has a serial number? But you can also put in medical information. So if youre unconscious and they find you, they can scan it. But in my case, Im a surfer and a jogger and when you go surfing you have to always hide your keys, and what a pain in the butt that is, because then someone can steal it when youre surfing and take your car. So in my case, its just great because all my keys are embedded into my hand and you can even do things like hold Bitcoin on it, but you cant pay it Starbucks yet.

Listen to the full episode at Luminary.

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Zoltan Istvan: The Transhumanist Candidate - Roads and Kingdoms

How Cryonics Works | HowStuffWorks

The year is 1967. A British secret agent has been "frozen," awaiting the day when his arch nemesis will return from his own deep freeze to once again threaten the world. That day finally arrives in 1997. The agent is revived after 30 years on ice, and he saves the world from imminent destruction.

You'll probably recognize this scenario from the hit movie, "Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery" (1997). Cryonics also shows up in films like "Vanilla Sky" (2001), "Sleeper" (1973) and "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968). But is it pure Hollywood fiction, or can people really be frozen and then thawed to live on years later?

The science behind the idea does exist. It's called cryogenics -- the study of what happens to materials at really low temperatures. Cryonics -- the technique used to store human bodies at extremely low temperatures with the hope of one day reviving them -- is being performed today, but the technology is still in its infancy.

In this article, we'll look at the practice of cryonics, learn how it's done and find out whether humans really can be brought back from the deep freeze.

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How Cryonics Works | HowStuffWorks