Expert Speak: Hypothyroidism And Its Effect On An Unborn Child – Femina

Posted: February 14, 2021 at 6:47 pm

Even studies have presented that those children, who were born out of hypothyroidism mothers during pregnancy, have lower IQ and impaired psycho-motor (mental and motor) development. But, fret not! If the condition is properly controlled and treated well, then those women with hypothyroidism can also have healthier babies.

Since the thyroid gland of the unborn child takes time to function on its own, its completely dependent on the mother for the thyroid hormones. Development and functioning of babys thyroid gland do not take place until about the end of the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, its suggested that women should start getting their thyroid disorder managed before conceiving so that impaired neurological functioning, stunted growth and physical deformities in the children can be avoided.

There is always best to plan for pregnancy and to consult with your physician to ensure your thyroid status and treatment are optimised prior to becoming pregnant and monitored throughout your pregnancy. However, if this does not happen and you find out you are pregnant, you should contact your physician immediately to arrange for increased testing of your thyroid functions and a potential change in your medication.

Untreated or poorly controlled hypothyroidism can also lead to:- Miscarriage- Premature birth- Pre-eclampsia - StillbirthSo, it is vital for pregnant women with hypothyroidism to take the recommended thyroid medication consistently.

How Is Hypothyroidism Treated During Pregnancy? The treatment of hypothyroidism in pregnant women is similar to that of the regular treatment. Doctors recommend synthetic T4 so that it compensates the presence of essential hormones in the body. The medication should be taken regularly so that a steady blood level of thyroid hormone gets adjusted within the normal range as the requirement of thyroid hormones increases during pregnancy. Therefore, it is a routine practice to monitor the blood level of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) during pregnancy. Hyperthyroidism women can have healthy pregnancy by getting early prenatal care and working with their healthcare providers in the management of their disease.

Also read: Expert Speak: How To Lower The Risk Of Neural Birth Defects

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Expert Speak: Hypothyroidism And Its Effect On An Unborn Child - Femina

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