COVID-19 and graft-versus-host disease: a tale of two diseases (and why age matters) – DocWire News

Posted: December 11, 2020 at 9:57 am

This article was originally published here

Lab Invest. 2020 Dec 9. doi: 10.1038/s41374-020-00520-2. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Disorders involving injury to tissue stem cells that ensure normal tissue homeostasis and repair have potential to show unusually devastating clinical consequences. Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is one condition where relatively few cytotoxic immune cells target skin stem cells to produce significant morbidity and mortality. By analogy, SARS-CoV-2 is a vector that initially homes to pulmonary stem cells that preferentially express the ACE2 receptor, thus potentially incurring similarly robust pathological consequences. In older individuals, stem cell number and/or function become depleted due to pathways independent of disease-related injury to these subpopulations. Accordingly, pathologic targeting of stem cells in conditions like aGVHD and COVID-19 infection where these cells are already deficient due to the aging process may have dire consequences in elderly individuals. A hypothesis is herein advanced that, as with aGVHD, lung stem cell targeting is a potential co-factor in explaining age-related severity of COVID-19 infection.

PMID:33299126 | DOI:10.1038/s41374-020-00520-2

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COVID-19 and graft-versus-host disease: a tale of two diseases (and why age matters) - DocWire News

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