Double heterozygotes of BRCA1/BRCA2 and mismatch repair gene pathogenic variants: case series and clinical implications – DocWire News

Posted: June 7, 2021 at 1:48 am

This article was originally published here

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2021 Jun 4. doi: 10.1007/s10549-021-06258-9. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) and Lynch syndrome (LS), the most common inherited cancer syndromes, are attributed to a single heterozygous pathogenic variant (PV) in BRCA1/2 or in a DNA MMR gene, respectively. Little is known about the phenotype in double heterozygotes who carry PVs in both genes.

METHODS: Carriers of double-PVs in any DNA MMR gene and BRCA1/2 attending one of three tertiary oncogenetic clinics between 1/2005 and 1/2020 were identified by database search, and their relevant data were retrieved and analyzed.

RESULTS: Eleven double carriers from four seemingly unrelated Ashkenazi Jewish families were evaluated. All carried an Ashkenazi Jewish founder BRCA PV, BRCA2 c.5946delT/c.6174delT (n = 10) or BRCA1 c.185delAG (n = 1). Four carried the MSH2 c.1906G > C founder PV, and 3, the MSH6 c.3984_3987dupGTCA founder PV; 3 patients had the MSH6 c.3956_3957dup PV. Eight double carriers (73%) had cancer: breast cancer (5 cases, 2 bilateral), melanoma (2 cases), urothelial cancer (2 cases), and colon, endometrial, prostate, cutaneous squamous cell cancer, glioblastoma, gastric stromal tumor, and lymphoma (1 case each). Six carriers had 1-2 tumors, one had 3 tumors, and one had 5 primary tumors. Age at diagnosis of the first tumor was 36-76 years. All carriers met NCCN BRCA1/2 testing criteria, and 3 met the revised Bethesda guidelines.

CONCLUSIONS: This case series, supported by the literature, suggests that the phenotype of double MSH2/6 and BRCA1/2 carriers is not associated with early disease onset or a more severe phenotype. The findings have implications for improved genetic testing guidelines and treatment strategies.

PMID:34086170 | DOI:10.1007/s10549-021-06258-9

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Double heterozygotes of BRCA1/BRCA2 and mismatch repair gene pathogenic variants: case series and clinical implications - DocWire News

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