Clinical approach to genetic testing in amyloid cardiomyopathy: from mechanism to effective therapies – DocWire News

Posted: February 25, 2021 at 6:51 am

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Curr Opin Cardiol. 2021 Feb 16. doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000841. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight the evolving understanding of genetic variants, utility of genetic testing, and the selection of novel therapies for cardiac amyloidosis.

RECENT FINDINGS: The last decade has seen considerable progress in cardiac amyloidosis recognition given the advancement in cardiac imaging techniques and widespread availability of genetic testing. A significant shift in the understanding of a genetic basis for amyloidosis has led to the development of disease-modifying therapeutic strategies that improve survival.

SUMMARY: The systemic amyloidoses are disorders caused by extracellular deposition of misfolded amyloid fibrils in various organs. Immunoglobulin light-chain or transthyretin amyloidosis are the most common types associated with cardiac manifestations. Genetic testing plays a central role in the identification of genotypes that are associated with different clinical phenotypes and influence prognosis. Given the emergence of effective therapies, a systematic approach to the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis, with the elucidation of genotype when indicated, is essential to select the appropriate treatment.

PMID:33605615 | DOI:10.1097/HCO.0000000000000841

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Clinical approach to genetic testing in amyloid cardiomyopathy: from mechanism to effective therapies - DocWire News

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