Cas9 Mediated Correction of -catenin Mutation and Restoring the | OTT – Dove Medical Press

Posted: January 6, 2020 at 6:42 pm

Yanlan Li,1,2,* Xiangning Li,1,3,* Jiayao Qu,1,3 Dixian Luo,1,3 Zheng Hu1,3

1Translational Medicine Institute, the First Peoples Hospital of Chenzhou Affiliated to University of South China, Hunan 432000, Peoples Republic of China; 2Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Tumor Cellular and Molecular Pathology, Cancer Research Institute, University of South China, Hunan 421001, Peoples Republic of China; 3National & Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for High-Through Molecular Diagnosis Technology, The First Peoples Hospital of Chenzhou, Hunan 432000, Peoples Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Zheng Hu; Dixian LuoTranslational Medicine Institute, National & Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for High-Through Molecular Diagnosis Technology, The First Peoples Hospital of Chenzhou, Hunan 432000, Peoples Republic of ChinaTel/Fax +86 735 2343902Email hu48005@163.com; luodixian_2@163.com

Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the major contributors to cancer mortality and morbidity. Finding strategies to fight against CRC is urgently required. Mutations in driver genes of APC or -catenin play an important role in the occurrence and progression of CRC. In the present study, we jointly apply CRISPR/Cas9-sgRNA system and Single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotide (ssODN) as templates to correct a heterozygous TCT deletion mutation of -catenin present in a colon cancer cell line HCT-116. This method provides a potential strategy in gene therapy for cancer.Methods: A Cas9/-catenin-sgRNA-eGFP co-expression vector was constructed and co-transfected with ssODN into HCT-116 cells. Mutation-corrected single-cell clones were sorted by FACS and judged by TA cloning and DNA sequencing. Effects of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated correction were tested by real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting, CCK8, EDU dyeing and cell-plated clones. Moreover, the growth of cell clones derived tumors was analyzed at nude mice xenografts.Results: CRISPR/Cas9-mediated -catenin mutation correction resulted in the presence of TCT sequence and the re-expression of phosphorylation -catenin at Ser45, which restored the normal function of phosphorylation -catenin including reduction of the transportation of nuclear -catenin and the expression of downstream c-myc, survivin. Significantly reduced cell growth was observed in -catenin mutation-corrected cells. Mice xenografted with mutation-corrected HCT-116 cells showed significantly smaller tumor size than uncorrected xenografts.Conclusion: The data of this study documented that correction of the driven mutation by the combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and ssODN could greatly remedy the biological behavior of the cancer cell line, suggesting a potential application of this strategy in gene therapy of cancer.

Keywords: CRISPR/Cas9, ssODN, targeted gene editing, -catenin, colon cancer

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