Freaks of Nature: Mother Nature, genetics sometimes play strange tricks on white-tailed deer – Athens Daily Review

Posted: October 14, 2019 at 5:50 pm

The weather was hot and muggy as the 2019 Texas Archery Only season for white-tailed deer got underway in late September, but the weekend turned out super cool for Chris Barrilleaux of Splendora.

Hunting on a private lease along the Trinity River in San Jacinto County, the 58-year-old grocery store owner arrowed a whitetail buck sporting a really peculiar set of antlers.

The buck is a main frame 8 pointer with thick main beams. The left antler is particularly odd with several knots, curls and a split G2 that pokes outward and forms a distinctive T at the end. What really makes the deer interesting is its antlers are still fully wrapped in velvet.

Velvet is the word often used to describe the thin layer of hairy skin that covers the antlers throughout the growing process, which begins in early spring. The soft skin is lined with tiny blood vessels to fuel fast growth of the cartilage until it calcifies into hardened antlers, usually by the end of August.

Thats when testosterone begins to flow and the blood supply to the velvet ceases, causing it to dry and peel away from the bone. Bucks help things along by rubbing on trees and bushes to polish their new antlers ahead of the fall breeding season. Those bucks that survive through the winter will cast their antlers the following spring and the growing process starts all over again. Or at least thats the way things normally work in the wild.

Barrilleauxs deer was an oddball. It had retained the velvet on its antlers long after other bucks had shed theirs. Closer examination of the 5 1/2-year-old whitetail explained why.

The hunter said the deer had only one testicle. The abnormality may have come about as the result of birth defect, or the deer may have injured itself at a younger age, possibly by getting hung in a fence. Either way, the deer lacked the surge in male hormones needed to shed its velvet and spark the desire to do other things the normal guys do when the testosterone high sets in each fall.

Wildlife experts refer to the condition as cryptoridism. Cryptorchids are frequently called stags.

Stags dont make rubs, ground scrapes, chase does, spar with other bucks to establish themselves in a pecking order and they dont engage in breeding activity. Nor do they drop their antlers in the spring or shed their velvet ever. Their male hormones are just too out of whack.

The antlers on a stag just continue to grow, said Alan Cain, white-tailed deer program leader with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Most of the growth occurs during the peak antler growing time from around April through August. They may grow a little outside that time frame, but its minimal.

Barrilleauxs stag wont score very high on the Boone and Crockett scale, but it is a once-in-a-lifetime trophy just the same. Most hunters will go a lifetime and never see such a deer. Capitalizing on the opportunity to take one with archery gear represents a special feather in a deer hunters cap.

Barrilleaux claims he had collected game camera pictures of the stag earlier in the month, so it didnt come as a surprise when the animal showed up in front of his bow stand on opening day. What does come as somewhat of a shock is that he chose to let the freak buck hed nicknamed Ol Velvet walk the first time he saw it.

I passed on him opening day, he said. After that I kept asking myself what the heck were you thinking you may never see something like that again. Luckily, he showed up again the next morning.

Cryptorchidism represents just one of the strange anomalies known to occur in North Americas favorite big game animal. Mother Nature sometimes throws some genetic curveballs into the mix that can cause weird things to happen with whitetails and other wildlife.

Melanism is one such condition. Researchers say it occurs when an animal produces excessive amounts of hair, skin and retina pigment called melanin. The result is a coat that is noticeably darker than normal. Some deer appear almost charcoal in color, while others may look chocolate brown or dark grey.

The condition has been known to occur in a wide variety of animals, including squirrels, birds and members of the feline family. The recessive trait has even been documented in penguins.

Cain says genetic mutations also can result in albinism (all white) or a piebald coat, which consists of spotty patches of white and brown. Of the three conditions, melanism is believed to be the rarest of all.

While melanistic whitetails deer have been documented in several states, Texas is considered to be "melanism central" by many whitetail researchers. Melanistic deer may show up just about anywhere in the state, but it seems to be the most prevalent in parts of Central Texas. Cain says Hays, Travis, Comal, Williamson, Blanco, Guadalupe, Burnet and Bastrop counties are known hotspots for deer with abnormally dark coats.

We see them in certain pockets, Cain said.

Melanistic deer also have been documented in eastern Texas, but not very often. The only one Im aware of belongs to Bobby Tuttle of Beckville.

Tuttle shot the Panola County buck early during the 2012 season, when it appeared in a pasture behind his house shortly after daybreak on Nov. 7. The buck had a 10-point typical rack and wore a beautiful dark brown coat.

The hunter he said started collecting game camera pictures of the buck three years earlier, but had never seen it in person until that fateful Wednesday morning. Interestingly, Tuttle said it wasn't his first encounter with a dark-colored whitetail on his property. Four years earlier, he saw a melanistic doe in same field where he killed the buck he called Blackie.

"She jumped over into a feed pen with another doe," he said. "She didn't have speck of white on her, either. Even the underside of her tail was black. She was black as an angus cow."

Genetics can be a confusing thing. In extreme cases, DNA may get so twisted that a deer somehow winds up with both male and female sex organs. These are called hermaphrodites. Its also possible for a doe to grow antlers.

There are all kinds of oddball things that can happen out there, Cain said. In 10 years in this position, with millions of deer killed across the state, Ive probably heard of no more than five antlered does or hermaphrodites. Genetic anomalies like that are pretty rare.

But they do happen from time to time.

One of the most impressive antlered does ever reported in Texas was taken in 2003 McMullen County by Alan Woodward. The 17 pointer was still in full velvet and sported an 8 1/2 inch drop tine, according to reports in North American Whitetail Magazine. Former TPWD wildlife biologist Macy Ledbetter said the deer had a complete set of female organs. It was aged at 6 1/2 years old.

Another freak show surfaced in Fall 2007 in McCulloch County, where Cliff Smallwood of White Oak was hunting on a 550-acre lease near Brady. Smallwood shot a tall-tined 7 pointer that would have been a 9 pointer if not for two broken tines. Smallwood, who was accompanied by TPWD game warden Jeff Cox, made an interesting discovery when he approached the dead deer.

"It's neck was swollen and had cuts on it," Smallwood said. "It also had dried blood and hair on the tips of its antlers. It was pretty obvious the deer had been fighting with another buck and inflicted some injury, probably within the last 24-48 hours."

Closer examination of the buck led to an even more bizarre discovery. The tarsal glands located on the inside of the deer's hind legs were snow white, not urine-stained, as is the case with many rutting bucks.

"We thought that was kind of weird," Smallwood said. "Then I lifted a rear leg and saw it had no male genitals. Instead, it had female genitalia and teats. It was a doe with antlers -- the strangest thing I have ever seen."

Major League Fishing announces plans to acquire Fishing League Worldwide

Major League Fishing rocked the fishing industry last fall when it announced the formation of the Bass Pro Tour an invitation-only bass tournament circuit that subsequently lured some of sports biggest names away from competitive fishings most prominent leagues the Bassmaster Elite Series and FLW Tour on the promises of bigger and better things, including more lucrative paydays.

On Oct. 10, the organization announced another bold move indicating it has reached an agreement supported by a Letter of Intent to purchase Fishing League Worldwide, better known as FLW. Based in Benton, Ky., FLW is a grassroots fishing organization that has been hosting bass tournaments catering to anglers on all levels from weekenders to tour level pros for nearly a quarter century.

The company is regarded as the largest of its kind in the world, hosting nearly 300 tournaments across five circuits each year. Among them are the FLW Tour, Costa FLW Series, T-H Marine Bass Fishing League, YETI College Fishing and Bass Pro Shops High School Fishing.

The announcement of the merger came on the heels of months of rumors hinting that changes were coming. A joint press release from the two organizations indicated the deal will be finalized by the end of the month.

Were thrilled about welcoming FLW to the MLF team, said Jim Wilburn, President and CEO of Major League Fishing. FLW shares our commitment to creating tournaments and opportunities centered on the success of the angler. Through this acquisition, we are better positioned to support anglers and sponsors at all levels.

According to FLW President of Operations Kathy Fennel, the merger marks the "beginning of a new era in the sport."

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Freaks of Nature: Mother Nature, genetics sometimes play strange tricks on white-tailed deer - Athens Daily Review

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