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Milk Thistle Health Tonic (Impact of COVID-19) Market Growth, Overview with Detailed Analysis 2020-2026| Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations, Regis,…

Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size, Status and Forecast 2020-2026

This report studies the Milk Thistle Health Tonic market with many aspects of the industry like the market size, market status, market trends and forecast, the report also provides brief information of the competitors and the specific growth opportunities with key market drivers. Find the complete Milk Thistle Health Tonic market analysis segmented by companies, region, type and applications in the report.

New vendors in the market are facing tough competition from established international vendors as they struggle with technological innovations, reliability and quality issues. The report will answer questions about the current market developments and the scope of competition, opportunity cost and more.

The major players covered in Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market: Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations, Regis, Solgar, Aksuvital, BEC, NC, Life Extension, Swisse, HerbsofGold

The final report will add the analysis of the Impact of Covid-19 in this report Milk Thistle Health Tonic industry.

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Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market: Competitive Landscape

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and production by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2020 to 2026.

This report focuses on the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players. The study objectives are to present the Milk Thistle Health Tonic development in United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India, and Central & South America.

The Milk Thistle Health Tonic market is a comprehensive report which offers a meticulous overview of the market share, size, trends, demand, product analysis, application analysis, regional outlook, competitive strategies, forecasts, and strategies impacting the Milk Thistle Health Tonic Industry. The report includes a detailed analysis of the market competitive landscape, with the help of detailed business profiles, SWOT analysis, project feasibility analysis, and several other details about the key companies operating in the market.

Segment by Type

Segment by Application

The study objectives of this report are:

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The Milk Thistle Health Tonic market research report completely covers the vital statistics of the capacity, production, value, cost/profit, supply/demand import/export, further divided by company and country, and by application/type for best possible updated data representation in the figures, tables, pie chart, and graphs. These data representations provide predictive data regarding the future estimations for convincing market growth. The detailed and comprehensive knowledge about our publishers makes us out of the box in case of market analysis.

Key questions answered in this report

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Overview

Chapter 2: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Data Analysis

Chapter 3: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Technical Data Analysis

Chapter 4: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Government Policy and News

Chapter 5: Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Manufacturing Process and Cost Structure

Chapter 6: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Productions Supply Sales Demand Market Status and Forecast

Chapter 7: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Key Manufacturers

Chapter 8: Up and Down Stream Industry Analysis

Chapter 9: Marketing Strategy -Milk Thistle Health Tonic Analysis

Chapter 10: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Development Trend Analysis

Chapter 11: Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis

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Milk Thistle Health Tonic (Impact of COVID-19) Market Growth, Overview with Detailed Analysis 2020-2026| Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations, Regis,...

As Suncor ponders Terra Nova’s future, N.L. offshore workers worry about their own – CBC.ca

The union representing some 400 workers on the Terra Nova FPSOoil platform is sounding the alarm about a scenario that could see the vessel not produce any oil for the next two years.

"The members are very worried about their future, and the future of Newfoundland (and Labrador)," said Unifor Local 2121 president Dave Mercer.

Companies that supply the offshore are also feeling the pinch from an oil industry that has been thrown into crisis by a global pandemic.

"The impact directly is the loss of some supply ships that we supply. They're tied up or moved on somewhere else. We don't have that business or as much," said Gary Squires, manager at St. John's-based Campbell's Ship Supplies, which providessupplies to supply ships and drill rigs in the offshore.

Campbell's has a workforce of 25, and so far has been able to avoid any layoffs, said Squires.

His comments reflecta moodnow permeating an industry that represents some 30 per cent of the value of the province's gross domestic product, and uncertainty about the future of the Terra Nova FPSO is the latest dark cloud to cast a shadow over the offshore sector.

"Now it's time for the government to step up," said Mercer, whose union represents nearly 800 workers on the Terra Nova and Hibernia oil platform.

Workers on the Hebron and SeaRose FPSO platforms are not unionized.

Suncor, the majority owner and operator of Terra Nova, confirmed this week that it was unable to formalize a Plan B for a life extension overhaulof the aging floating, production, storage and offloading vessel, which has been producing oil on the Grand Banks since 2002.

As a result,the partnership that owns the vessel has decided to remove the Terra Nova from the offshore by this summer,and sail it to port at a location yet to be named, for an unknown duration.

"Obviously we're very concerned about the impacts to industry, the impacts to employment, the impacts to Newfoundlanders and Labradorians of the challenges that the industry is facing," said provincial Natural Resources Minister Siobhan Coady.

Coadyhas been in discussions with the operator, but said there's no indication yet how many jobs will be lost, or when the Terra Nova might return to the offshore and resume production, but she acknowledged it could very well be 2022.

Mercer said the union is also scrambling for information.

"It's all so fluid," he said.

Suncor released a statement Tuesday that said, "No decisions have been made to shut down production operations on Terra Nova until 2022."

But with so much uncertainty caused by the global pandemic, oil markets that are extremely volatile, and the immense planning that goes into a refit like the one proposed for the Terra Nova, insiders predict a lengthy shutdown for the vessel.

The Terra Nova was supposed to be at a dockyard in Spain by now, undergoing a half-billion-dollar life extension refit that would extend the oil field for 10 years, and allow the vessel to produce an additional 80 million barrels of oil.

But with Spain hit hard by the COVID-19 virus, those plans have been scuttled, and when Suncor was unable to come up an with an alternative plan, the decision was made to mothball the vessel.

That means the number of producing fields in the offshore will fall from four to three, and the hundreds of workers whose livelihoods are connected to the Terra Nova are now in doubt.

"There's only so much we can say. It's becoming very difficult to take care of our members," said Mercer.

The Terra Nova hasn't produced oil since it was ordered late last year to suspend operations by the board that regulates the offshore for a safety infraction.

There were hopesthat Suncor could resume production and carry out the refit at a later date, but sources say some partners were unwilling to spend the money required to recertify the Terra Nova, at a time when companies are slashing spending in order to manage through a collapse in the market.

Suncor was engaged in ongoing talks with the Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board about a plan to restart production, but a resolution was never reached.

"As of yesterday we were still in very active discussions with Suncor on their recent proposal to resume production and thought those discussions were continuing," the C-NLOPB wrote in a statement to CBC.

"While we sympathize with the workforce affected by yesterday's announcement, we are not privy to the commercial considerations faced by Suncor and its partners."

Meanwhile, calls for the federal government to offer a lifeline to the oil sector continue.

"Wereally need is an investment in accelerating exploration in offshore Newfoundland and Labrador," said Coady.

The province and industry groups want Ottawa to offer tax breaks and other incentives to encourage oil companies to keep looking for new discoveries, similar to those offered in Norway and the United Kingdom.

Federal Natural Resources Minister Seamus O'Regansaid Wednesday he is in talks with the province and those in the industry.

"We are looking for options," said O'Regan, who specifically referenced "incentive-based exploration."

But O'Regan would not put a timeline on when those measures might be announced.

"We want to make sure we get it right," he said

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As Suncor ponders Terra Nova's future, N.L. offshore workers worry about their own - CBC.ca

Global Biaxially Oriented Polyethylene Terephthalate (BOPET) Film Market (By Installed Capacity, Production, Demand and Region) : Insights, Trends and…

The Global Biaxially Oriented Polyethylene Terephthalate (BOPET) Film Market is expected to record a value of US$24.84 billion in 2024, growing at a CAGR of 6.83%, during 2020-2024. The factors such as rising demand for plastic packaging, accelerating manufacturing of electronic products, growth in digital printing, increasing retail sales of food and grocery, expansion of pharmaceutical industry and rapid urbanization are expected to drive the market growth. However, the growth of the market would be challenged by the heavy production cost of BOPET film and high prices of BOPET film. A few notable trends may include rising production capacity of flat panel display, rising growth of cosmetic products, development of biodegradable and water soluble films and rising awareness about the BOPET films.

The global BOPET film market is evolving rapidly over vast rates every year, owing to the continuous increase in its market demand. BOPET film has become a crucial component of every end-use sector due to the presence of versatile qualities. The BOPET striking features such as product quality, shelf life extension, high tensile strength and high durability make it an ideal product for packaging. The enormous application in packaging industry is the major reason for the BOPET film industry growth.

The fastest growing regional market was Asia-Pacific, due to the rapid urbanization, particularly in China and India. Rapid urbanization has led to the continuous changes in peoples lifestyles. Urban people have adopted a modern way of living, which contributed to the increase in BOPET film consumption as a premium product for various household purposes, including packaging. Therefore, Asia-Pacific has witnessed a modest growth in BOPET film market, which is further expected to contribute considerably to the global BOPET film market in coming years.

Scope of the report:

The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global Biaxially Oriented Polyethylene Terephthalate (BOPET) film market.

The major regional and country markets (Asia-Pacific, Americas, Europe and ROW), along with the country coverage of China, India and North America have been analyzed.

The market dynamics such as growth drivers, market trends and challenges are analyzed in-depth.

The competitive landscape of the market, along with the company profiles of leading players (Toray Industries, Kolon Industries, Polyplex Corporation, Uflex Ltd., Jindal Poly Film Ltd. and Essel Propack) are also presented in detail.

Key Target Audience:

Plastic and Polyester manufacturers

Raw Material suppliers and distributors

End Users (food & beverage, pharmaceutical, E&E, imaging & graphics, etc.)

Investment Banks

Government Bodies & Regulating Authorities

Table of Contents

1. Overview

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Manufacturing Process of BOPET Films

1.3 Advantages of BOPET Film

1.4 Applications of BOPET Film

1.5 Importance of BOPET Film In Packaging

2. Global Market Analysis

2.1 Global BOPET Film Market by Value

2.2 Global BOPET Film Market Forecast by Value

2.3 Global BOPET Film Installed Capacity

2.4 Global BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

2.5 Global BOPET Film Installed Capacity by Regions

2.6 Global BOPET Film Production Volume

2.7 Global BOPET Film Production Volume Forecast

2.8 Global BOPET Film Market Demand

2.9 Global BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

2.10 Global BOPET Film Market Demand by Regions

3. Regional Market Analysis

3.1 Asia-Pacific

3.1.1 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Installed Capacity

3.1.2 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

3.1.3 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Installed Capacity by Regions

3.1.4 China BOPET Film Installed Capacity

3.1.5 China BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

3.1.6 India BOPET Film installed Capacity

3.1.7 India BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

3.1.8 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Market Demand

3.1.9 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.1.10 Asia-Pacific BOPET Film Market Demand by Regions

3.1.11 China BOPET Film Market Demand

3.1.12 China BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.1.13 India BOPET Film Market Demand

3.1.14 India BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2 Americas

3.2.1 Americas BOPET Film Installed Capacity

3.2.2 Americas BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

3.2.3 Americas BOPET Film Installed Capacity by Regions

3.2.4 North America BOPET Film Installed Capacity

3.2.5 North America BOPET Film Installed Capacity Forecast

3.2.6 North America BOPET Film Production Volume

3.2.7 North America BOPET Film Production Volume Forecast

3.2.8 Americas BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.9 Americas BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2.10 Americas BOPET Film Market Demand by Regions

3.2.11 North America BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.12 North America BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2.13 North America BOPET Film Market Demand by Applications

3.2.14 North America Packaging & Metalizing BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.15 North America Packaging & Metalizing BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2.16 North America Industrial BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.17 North America Industrial BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2.18 North America Electrical & Electronic BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.19 North America Electrical & Electronic BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.2.20 North America Imaging & Graphics BOPET Film Market Demand

3.2.21 North America Imaging & Graphics BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.3 Europe

3.3.1 Europe BOPET Film Market Demand

3.3.2 Europe BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

3.4 ROW

3.4.1 ROW BOPET Film Market Demand

3.4.2 ROW BOPET Film Market Demand Forecast

4. Market Dynamics

4.1 Growth Drivers

4.1.1 Rising Demand for Plastic Packaging

4.1.2 Accelerating Manufacturing of Electrical and Electronic Products

4.1.3 Growth in Digital Printing

4.1.4 Increasing Retail Sales of Food and Grocery

4.1.5 Expansion of Pharmaceutical Industry

4.1.6 Rapid Urbanization

4.1.7 Environmental-Friendly

4.2 Key Trends and Developments

4.2.1 Rising Production Capacity of Flat Panel Display

4.2.2 Increasing Growth of Cosmetics Products

4.2.3 Development of Bio-Degradable and Water-Soluble Films

4.2.4 Rising Awareness about BOPET Packaging Films

4.3 Challenges

4.3.1 Heavy Manufacturing Cost of BOPET Films

4.3.2 High Prices of BOPET Films

5. Competitive Landscape

5.1 Global Market

5.1.1 Major BOPET Producers by Installed Capacity

5.1.2 Key Players Revenue Comparison

5.1.3 Key Players Market Capitalization Comparison

5.2 Indian Market

5.2.1 Key Players Business Model Competency Framework

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Global Biaxially Oriented Polyethylene Terephthalate (BOPET) Film Market (By Installed Capacity, Production, Demand and Region) : Insights, Trends and...

Salt reduction: Preservation without sodium and delivering on taste – FoodIngredientsFirst

13 May 2020 --- Salt reduction remains high on the agenda for food manufacturers and brands tapping into increased demand for healthy products with a clean label. Under pressure following official recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO) to drive down salt intake in the global population by 30 percent by 2025, food innovators face the ongoing challenges on lessening their reliance on sodium. This must be achieved, of course, without compromising on taste and delivering on health and wellness characteristics demanded by consumers who still expect the enrichment, complexity and premiumization in their savory choices with a low salt label.

Low sodium-based launches have grown considerably over the past five years, notes Innova Market Research, with a 7 percent average annual growth of food & beverage launches tracked with low/reduced sodium claims (Global, 2015-2019). Baby & Toddler foods have the highest percentage of launches with low/reduced sodium claims, citing the importance of salt reduction from an early age while Sauces & Seasonings and Soft Drinks are second and third, respectively. This is followed by Snacks (9 percent), Bakery (7 percent) and Cereals (6 percent).

While salt reducing focused NPD is obviously popular across various categories, taking away some of the standards from a manufacturers toolbox, such as salt, MSG and yeast extract, can create taste challenges.

Food manufacturers are now looking for solutions that allow them to reduce the sodium levels of their products, while also achieving the great taste and texture that consumers expect. It is, however, not only food producers who are increasingly aware of the importance of salt reduction in food public consciousness and awareness of the health impact of excess sodium has risen just as much, Mark Austin, Global Business Development Manager, DSM Food Specialties tellsFoodIngredientsFirst.

A recent DSM survey, which interviewed 5,000 people across 10 countries, found that 65 percent of respondents seek foods that contain less salt, while 71 percent and 66 percent of people questioned also reported looking for products that have lower levels of sugar and fat respectively.

This means that to really meet consumer needs for better-for-you products, producers must take a holistic approach to develop healthier options, considering not just salt reduction, but sugar and fat, too. The clean label movement has seen more consumers seeking products with shorter and more recognizable ingredient lists, with 71 percent of people in DSMs survey checking product labels and 66 percent buying goods made with ingredients they are familiar with, he continues.

When it comes to salt reduction, this means that producers must continue to look towards creating clean label solutions with reduced sodium content that appeal to consumers, Austin adds.

DSMs portfolio of yeast extract solutions for salt reduction can support food manufacturers in delivering healthy, tasty and appealing products. Yeast extracts are widely known for their rich savory taste profile, which can help producers create an authentic taste in low-sodium products. Part of DSMs sodium reduction toolbox, the Maxarome portfolio including Maxarome Select is ideally suited for a broad range of savory applications and can reduce salt levels in food, without compromising on taste or texture.

Suitable for both plant-based and meat dishes, these solutions have the ability to enhance the salty perception of goods, while delivering on umami, meaty or vegetable flavors, and masking off-notes and bitterness, notes Austin.

Processed food remains the leading contributor to salt intake in peoples diets. In industrial countries, approximately 75-80 percent of dietary salt is obtained through processed food, while 5-10 percent occurs naturally and the remaining 10-15 percent stems from salt that is added during cooking or at the table, continues Austin.

With the pressure from public health associations to reduce sodium intake continuing to grow, however, the need for manufacturers to adapt to ensure their product offering meets these demands is increasingly important, he says.

Click to Enlarge

Salt in the plant-based spaceSalt levels in plant-based products have recently come under scrutiny by UK organization, Action on Salt (AoS). It has recently published studies linking cutting salt helps support lower blood pressure which, it says, provide strong evidence for salt reduction as a major public health strategy for the UK which currently has voluntary salt reduction targets.

In the plant-based space specifically, AoS calls on the government to get tough on the eating out sector which lags far behind the food sold in retailers. This follows AoSs recent survey findings that show many healthy sounding plant-based and vegan meals served at UK restaurants, fast food and coffee chains, contain more salt than eight McDonalds hamburgers. Nearly half (45 percent) of meals eaten out of the home contain 3 g or more salt in just a single meal thats half the maximum daily limit for an adult. Additionally, over one in five dishes provide more than half an adults maximum daily recommendation for saturated fat.

Recognizing the demand for reduced salt in plant-based formulations, Roquette recently expanded its plant-based protein ingredient range that taps into the salt reduction trend. NUTRALYS L85M is a new specialty ingredient that further expands the existing range of NUTRALYS pea protein from Roquette. Beyond new tastes and new textures, Roquette will now offer its customers the ability to create plant-based meats with less salt to meet consumers demands and expectations when managing their daily sodium intake.

For Laura Queiroz Simon, Biorigin Global Product Manager, sodium reduction is no longer a trend, it is a confirmation of conscious consumption. She flags several categories that tap into convenience trends such as snacks and ready meals, as having a lot of opportunities to reduce the sodium content and to be more pressured by consumers and regulatory bodies.

Plant-based recipes tend to have a neutral taste profile and to compensate by giving more savory to these recipes the food companies are using salt. We know that consumers are aware and are pressuring the plant-based food industries to reformulate their recipes to reduce the salt and use clean label ingredients, she tells FoodIngredientsFirst.

The consumption is pushed by health concerns and consumers know that there is no point in consuming less meat in favor of plant alternatives if these recipes have a long list of ingredients with artificial additives and colors. Its well known that consumers avoid buying products with ingredients that are difficult to understand and are focusing on looking for products that contain ingredients perceived as natural, she says.

Meanwhile, Biorigin brings ingredients that help to reduce up to 50 percent sodium. Naturally rich in amino acids and nucleotides, there is a line of specific ingredients to promote the umami flavor the fifth basic flavor that brings a subtle and market sensation, increasing salivation and it is often perceived as a combination of sweet and salty flavors, allowing to compensate the salty taste loss and provide the overall recipe taste balance.

Bioenhance SFE 201 is designed to deliver a clean savory and umami notes, working in synergy with the recipe and compensating the sodium reduction. It is also able to mask off flavors when using different salts than Sodium Chloride (NaCl).

Biorigin offers a range of yeast extracts from standard savory to umami and roasted profiles to fulfill several applications and sodium reduction challenges and natural flavors that improve the salt perception with no sodium addition, maintaining the recipe taste profile, the company flags.

No need to compromiseFor Eelco Heintz, Product & Innovation Manager atNiacet, increasing consumer awareness of the harmful effects of excessive sodium consumption on health is driving demand for sodium reducing ingredients. At the same time, several countries have introduced legislation trying to tackle the issue. As a result, consumers are making a conscious effort to reduce sodium consumption and proactively checking sodium content on labels, he tells FoodIngredientsFirst.

As alternatives to the commonly used sodium-based preservatives gain ground, antimicrobials have an important role to play. There is no need to compromise between food safety and a healthy sodium content, he notes.

Next to sodium reduction there is an increased demand for shelf life extension and improved safety in a variety of food types, adds Heintz. Sodium-based preservatives are common, but there are preservation ingredients available that do not contain any sodium. Provian K, made with potassium salts, is one such example of a preservative that is proven to keep food safe and extend shelf life while reducing salt. Similarly, clean label solutions, such as Provian NDV, are made from naturally fermented vinegar and also contain no sodium, he explains.

Provian products are powdered organic acid-based preservatives, which makes it possible to simultaneously address both trends of salt reduction and increased shelf life.Originally, we focused on processed meat and poultry products, but this quickly expanded to other processed foods like fish, salads, spreads and a variety of ready-to-eat (RTE) products, Heintz notes.

Processed foods often contain a lot of salt, partly due to the high quantities of sodium-based preservatives used in them. However, by using high quality preservatives, manufacturers can create healthier products with lower levels of sodium. Preservatives such as Provian are highly effective at lower dosages, which will increase safety and extend shelf-life while reducing the amount of sodium in the final product, he says.

Not everyone is aware of the consequences of high salt intake. There are often cases of the public media warning against high salt intake, usually related to kidney or cardiovascular disease. Additionally, there is a clear trend visible of healthy and conscious living in the wider population. However, more can still be done, and it is obvious that awareness of sodium intake and a healthy sodium/potassium balance needs to be part of this trend, Heintz says.

Another category where salt reduction is an emerging trend is bakery. Baked goods substantially contribute to the daily sodium intake and a reduction is necessary to reach the goals set by governments and WHO. The industry has seen a voluntary reduction of sodium chloride content, but more still needs to be done. ProBake, from Niacet, offers world-leading standards in mold control with preservative options that contain no sodium, he adds.

Whats next?Rising demand for healthier, low-sodium food with a great taste and texture will continue to fuel product innovation and reformulation. Broader health trends will continue to drive thegrowing consumer trend for low-sodium clean label ingredients in their food. Consumers like the idea of products with easily identifiable ingredients, which can be difficult with preservatives as they often need to be labeled with a chemical name. However, preservatives made from natural ingredients can be used in products with natural claims and clean label ingredients. Niacets Provian NDV, for instance, is an effective clean label preservative, made from naturally fermented vinegar.

Manufacturers are searching for effective nutritional solutions for salt reduction that help them meet the trend for better-for-you food and stay ahead of the curve. Meanwhile, the continuing boom for plant-based products, innovation and R&D, will drive the need for more salt reducing solutions globally while more regulation is expected to be introduced around the world, forcing formulators who havent already done so to act.

By Gaynor Selby

To contact our editorial team please email us at editorial@cnsmedia.com

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Salt reduction: Preservation without sodium and delivering on taste - FoodIngredientsFirst

Jacobs Selected by Radioactive Waste Management Ltd to Study Radioactivity in Graphite Nuclear Reactor Cores – Tyler Morning Telegraph

DALLAS, May 12, 2020 /PRNewswire/ --Jacobs (NYSE:J) was selected by Radioactive Waste Management Ltd (RWM), a subsidiary of the U.K. Government's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, to study the release of radioactivity from irradiated graphite sampled from reactor cores at the U.K.'s nuclear power stations. This research will support RWM in their analysis of graphite behavior and the options for graphite waste management in the future.

"We're combining our leading graphite knowledge from our Integrated Waste Management team at Harwell, our role as designer and architect engineer of the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) and Magnox reactors, and our work on operational support and life extension," said Jacobs Critical Mission Solutions Senior Vice President Clive White. "Our Technology and Innovation Centre at Birchwood Park, Warrington, is applying this graphite knowledge to work through options for safe and timely characterization, retrieval, treatment and storage solutions to meet the growing global decommissioning market."

RWM has commissioned Jacobs to measure and characterize releases of the radioactive isotope carbon-14 and compare it with releases from irradiated graphite in earlier reactor types, including the U.K.'s first generation of Magnox civil nuclear power stations.

This research will have a significant bearing on the safe management and disposal of graphite wastes arising from the decommissioning of 14 advanced gas-cooled reactors (AGR), which generate nearly 20% of the country's electricity but are due to be phased out over the next 10 years.

The contract has an initial duration of two years. Subject to experimental program results, it may be extended by an additional two years.

At Jacobs, we're challenging today to reinvent tomorrow by solving the world's most critical problems for thriving cities, resilient environments, mission-critical outcomes, operational advancement, scientific discovery and cutting-edge manufacturing, turning abstract ideas into realities that transform the world for good. With $13 billion in revenue and a talent force of more than 55,000, Jacobs provides a full spectrum of professional services including consulting, technical, scientific and project delivery for the government and private sector. Visitjacobs.comand connect with Jacobs on Facebook, Instagram,LinkedInand Twitter.

Certain statements contained in this press release constitute forward-looking statements as such term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and such statements are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provided by the same. Statements made in this release that are not based on historical fact are forward-looking statements. We base these forward-looking statements on management's current estimates and expectations as well as currently available competitive, financial and economic data. Forward-looking statements, however, are inherently uncertain. There are a variety of factors that could cause business results to differ materially from our forward-looking statements. For a description of some additional factors that may occur that could cause actual results to differ from our forward-looking statements see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 27, 2019, and in particular the discussions contained under Item 1 - Business; Item 1A - Risk Factors; Item 3 - Legal Proceedings; and Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, as well as the Company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company is not under any duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this press release to conform to actual results, except as required by applicable law.

For press/media inquiries:Kerrie Sparks214.583.8433

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Jacobs Selected by Radioactive Waste Management Ltd to Study Radioactivity in Graphite Nuclear Reactor Cores - Tyler Morning Telegraph

Will the Nature/Nurture Debate Ever End? – Scientific American

Back in the pre-pandemic era, I was really looking forward to April 8. On that date,Carl Zimmerwas going to give a talk at my school, Stevens Institute of Technology, about his latest book,She Has Her Mothers Laugh. For decades, Zimmer has reported on biology in The New York Times and other publications and in books,13 so far.Mothers Laughtells the epic tale of our attempts to plumb the mysteries of heredity and to improve ourselves with that knowledge. The book is a marvelous work of historyZimmers account of the early days of eugenics in the U.S. is especially grippingas well as a detailed, up-to-date report on CRISPR and other advances that add urgency to old debates about human enhancement. Zimmer is an engaging story-teller and insatiable reporter, who visits scientists in their labs and even volunteers to be a subject. As a result, while discussing the remarkable diversity of creatures dwelling on and in our bodies, he can tell you that his own bellybutton harbors a bacterium,Marimonas, also found in the Mariana Trench. In lieu of Carls April 8 talk, here he answers questions about genetics and related topics. John Horgan

Horgan:How did you end up in the science-writing racket, anyway? Any regrets?

Zimmer:I feel incredibly lucky to have this job. It wasn't anything I thought about with any foresight. I loved to write, and I loved science. A couple years out of college, I got a job as an assistant copy editor at the science magazineDiscover. There, I got a great training in how to fact-check and report on science. I stayed there for ten years before heading out on my own.

Horgan:Why the focus on biology? When you started out, wasnt physics going to solve everything?

Zimmer:As a junior reporter atDiscover, I had to write about all sorts of stuff--astronomy, geoscience, physics, technology, and so on. But I found that biology was always the field that managed to surprise me the most. Evolution has gone off in such crazy directions in the past four billion years, and the tools biologists have to study life have grown incredibly powerful over the past few decades.

Horgan:I sometimes worry Im too mean to scientists. Do you ever worry youre too nice?

Zimmer:As a fact-checker, you learn that no one should be given a pass. When I report on a story, I talk with outside experts to see if researchers I'm writing about are really delivering on what they claim. And it's also important to keep up with what social scientists and philosophers have to say--because science doesn't happen in a vacuum and can have dangerous consequences.

Horgan:Whats the biggest thing thats happened in science since you started writing about it?

Zimmer:DNA sequencing. It changed everything, from the study of Neanderthals to tracking the covid-19 pandemic.

Horgan:In 2009you quit the online chat show Bloggingheads.tv, on whichwe once spoke, because it gave a platform to creationists. Have your feelings about creationism evolved over the past decade?

Zimmer:No. Creationists have not done any good science since then, while evolutionary biology has leapt forward in dramatic fashion.

Horgan:Whenever I criticize scientificracism, orsexism, people call me an unscientific social justice warrior. I knowthis happens to you, too. How do you deal with these people?

Zimmer:People try to deflect from weak arguments by accusing their opponents of being contemptible.

Horgan:Is CRISPR living up to its hype? If so, will it help gene therapy, finally, take off?

Zimmer:CRISPR is already a mainstay of scientific research, for testing how genes work and how mutations affect health. It's already into clinical trials for diseases like sickle cell anemia just few years after its invention. We have yet to see how well it will work in those applications. But it's unquestionably one of the most important advances in the history of biology.

Horgan:By the time I reached the end ofShe Has Her Mothers Laugh, I wasnt sure whether you think genetic enhancement of humans is feasible, or desirable. Could you clarify?

Zimmer:I think anyone who pretends to have a simple answer is wrong. The answer depends not only on the complexity of biology, but also on what we really want from genetic enhancement. We are already carrying out genetic enhancement when parents with Huntington's disease pick embryos for IVF without the mutation. But I'm skeptical that any manipulation will affect, say, intelligence--certainly not more than what a decent education and a healthy childhood can offer.

Horgan:Will there be any more revolutions in our understanding of heredity?

Zimmer:It's not possible to predict revolutions that haven't happened. But I think that scientists will learn a lot about how epigenetic changes can be carried down through generations--if not in humans, then in other animals and plants.

Horgan:Will our knowledge ever be so complete that the nature/debate finally ends?

Zimmer:I can't rule it out, but it won't be easy. It's relatively easy to study how genes influence variation, but the environment is so vast and complex it may not submit to simple experiments with clear results. Still, there are some very impressive experiments that are grappling with these challenges.

Horgan:Are radical life extension, and possibly immortality, feasible?

Zimmer:I'm not holding my breath. Aging is the result of so many factors that it's hard to see how any simple intervention can change it much. Immortality just seems biologically silly to me.

Horgan:I cant resist asking: what do you think of the U.S. response to the coronavirus?

Zimmer:A disaster.

Further Reading:

Was Darwin Wrong?

How Can We Curb the Spread of Scientific Racism?

Should Research on Race and IQ Be Banned?

My Problem with Taboo Behavioral Genetics? The Science Stinks!

Quest for Intelligence Genes Turns Out More Dubious Results

Have Researchers Really Discovered Any Genes for Behavior?

Defending Stephen Jay Goulds Crusade Against Biological Determinism

Darwin Was Sexist, and So Are Many Modern Scientists

Do Women Want to be Oppressed?

Google Engineer Fired for Sexist Memo Isnt a Hero

See also my free, online bookMind-Body Problems: Science, Subjectivity & Who We Really Are, also available as a Kindle e-book and paperback.

Go here to read the rest:
Will the Nature/Nurture Debate Ever End? - Scientific American

Research Report, Growth Trends and Competitive Analysis 2020-2026 Cole Reports – Cole of Duty

Global Cryonics Technology Market 2020 to 2026, is a comprehensive report which provides a detailed overview of the major driver, opportunities, challenges, current market trends and strategies impacting the global Cryonics Technology market in conjunction with calculation and forecast of size, share, and growth rate analysis. Combining the analysis capabilities and knowledge integration with the relevant findings, the report has foretold the robust future growth of the Cryonics Technology market all told its geographical and merchandise segments.

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Key Players of the Global Cryonics Technology Market

Praxair, Cellulis, Cryologics, Cryotherm, KrioRus, VWR, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Custom Biogenic Systems, Oregon Cryonics, Alcor Life Extension Foundation, Osiris Cryonics, Sigma-Aldrich, Southern Cryonics.

Segmentation by product type

Slow freezingVitrificationUltra-rapid

Segmentation by application

Animal husbandryFishery scienceMedical sciencePreservation of microbiology cultureConserving plant biodiversity

Market Segment by Regions, regional analysis covers 2019-2025:

North America(United States, Canada and Mexico)Europe(Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy)Asia-Pacific(China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia)South America(Brazil, Argentina, Colombia etc.)Middle East and Africa(Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

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Market Overview:The report begins with this section where product overview and highlights of product and application segments of the global Cryonics Technology Market are provided. Highlights of the segmentation study include price, revenue, sales, sales growth rate, and market share by product.

Competition by Company:Here, the competition in the global Cryonics Technology Market is analyzed, taking into consideration price, revenue, sales, and market share by company, market concentration rate, competitive situations and trends, expansion, merger and acquisition, and market shares of top 5 and 10 companies.

Company Profiles and Sales Data:As the name suggests, this section gives the sales data of key players of the global Cryonics Technology Market as well as some useful information on their business. It talks about the gross margin, price, revenue, products and their specifications, applications, competitors, Manufacturing base, and the main business of players operating in the global Cryonics Technology Market.

Market Status and Outlook by Region:In this section, the report discusses about gross margin, sales, revenue, production, market share, CAGR, and market size by region. Here, the global Cryonics Technology Market is deeply analyzed on the basis of regions and countries such as North America, Europe, China, India, Japan, and the MEA.

Application or End User:This part of the research study shows how different application segments contribute to the global Cryonics Technology Market.

Market Forecast:Here, the report offers complete forecast of the global Cryonics Technology Market by product, application, and region. It also offers global sales and revenue forecast for all years of the forecast period.

Research Findings and Conclusion:This is one of the last sections of the report where the findings of the analysts and the conclusion of the research study are provided.

Appendix:Here, we have provided a disclaimer, our data sources, data triangulation, market breakdown, research programs and design, and our research approach.

The research includes historic data from 2015 to 2020 and forecasts until 2026 which makes the reports an invaluable resource for industry executives, marketing, sales and product managers, consultants, analysts, and other people looking for key industry data in readily accessible documents with clearly presented tables and graphs.

We also offer customization on reports based on specific client requirement

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Research Report, Growth Trends and Competitive Analysis 2020-2026 Cole Reports - Cole of Duty

Weapons, Opportunity Costs, COVID19 and Avoiding Nuclear War – The National Interest

The Department of Defense has begun to ratchet up spending to recapitalize the U.S. strategic nuclear triad and its supporting infrastructure, as several programs move from research and development into the procurement phase. The projected Pentagon expenditures are at least $167 billion from 2021-2025. This amount does not include the large nuclear warhead sustainment and modernization costs funded by the Department of Energy, projected to cost $81 billion over the next five years.

Nuclear forces require modernization, but that will entail opportunity costs.In a budget environment that offers little prospect of greater defense spending, especially in the COVID19 era, more money for nuclear forces will mean less funding for conventional capabilities.

That has potentially negative consequences for the security of the United States and its allies.While nuclear forces provide day-to-day deterrence, the Pentagon leadership spends most of its time thinking about how to employ conventional forces to manage security challenges around the world.The renewed focus on great power competition further elevates the importance of conventional forces.It is important to get the balance between nuclear and conventional forces right, particularly as the most likely path to use of nuclear arms would be an escalation of a conventional conflict.Having robust conventional forces to prevail in or deter a conventional conflict in the first place could avert a nuclear crisis or worse.

Nuclear Weapons and Budgets

For the foreseeable future, the United States will continue to rely on nuclear deterrence for its security and that of its allies (whether we should be comfortable with that prospect is another question).Many U.S. nuclear weapons systems are aging, and replacing them will cost money, lots of money.The Pentagons five-year plan for its nuclear weapons programs proposes $29 billion in fiscal year 2021, rising to $38 billion in fiscal year 2025, as programs move from research and development to procurement.The plan envisages a total of $167 billion over five years.And that total may be understated; weapons costs increase not just as they move to the procurement phase, but as cost overruns and other issues drive the costs up compared to earlier projections.

The Pentagon knew that the procurement bow wave of nuclear weapons spending would hit in the 2020s and that funding it would pose a challenge.In October 2015, the principal deputy undersecretary of defense said Were looking at that big bow wave and wondering how the heck were going to pay for it and probably thanking our stars that we wont be here to have to answer the question.

The Pentagons funding request for fiscal year 2021 includes $4.4 billion for the new Columbia-class ballistic missile submarine that will replace Ohio-class submarines, which will begin to be retired at the end of the decade; $1.2 billion for the life extension program for the Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM); $1.5 billion for the Ground Based Strategic Deterrent, an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) to replace the Minuteman III ICBM; $2.8 billion for the B-21 stealth bomber that will replace the B-1 and B-2 bombers; $500 million for the Long-Range Standoff Missile that will arm B-52 and B-21 bombers; and $7 billion for nuclear command, control and communications systems.

The Pentagon funds primarily go to delivery and command and control systems for nuclear weapons.The National Nuclear Security Administration at the Department of Energy bears the costs of the warheads themselves. It seeks $15.6 billion for five nuclear warhead life-extension and other infrastructure programs in fiscal year 2021, the first year of a five-year plan totaling $81 billion.The fiscal year 2021 request is nearly $3 billion more than the agency had earlier planned to ask, which suggests these programs are encountering significant cost growth.

Some look at these figures and the overall defense budget (the Pentagon wants a total of $740 billion for fiscal year 2021) and calculate that the cost of building and operating U.S. nuclear forces will amount to only 6-7 percent of the defense budget.That may be true, but how relevant is that figure?

By one estimate, the cost of building and operating the F-35 fighter program for the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and U.S. Marines over the programs lifetime will be $1 trillion.Amortized over 50 years, that amounts to $20 billion per year or only 2.7 percent of the Defense Departments fiscal year 2021 budget request.The problem is that these percentages and lots of other small percentages add up.When one includes all of the programs, plus personnel and readiness costs as well as everything else that the Pentagon wants, the percentages will total to more than 100 percent of the figure that Congress is prepared to appropriate for defense.

Opportunity Costs

The defense budget is unlikely to grow.Opportunity costs represent the things the Pentagon has to give up or forgo in order to fund its nuclear weapons programs.The military services gave an indication of these costs with their unfunded priorities lists, which this year total $18 billion.These show what the services would like to buy if they had additional funds, and that includes a lot of conventional weapons.

The Air Force, for example, would like to procure an additional twelve F-35 fighters as well as fund advance procurement for an additional twelve F-35s in fiscal year 2022.It would also like to buy three more tanker aircraft than budgeted.

The Army is reorienting from counter-insurgency operations in places such as Afghanistan and Iraq to facing off against major peer competitors, that is, Russia and China.Its wish list includes more long-range precision fires (artillery and short-range surface-to-surface missiles), a new combat vehicle, helicopters and more air and missile defense systems.

The Navy would like to add five F-35s to its aircraft buy, but its bigger desire is more attack submarines and warships, given its target of building up to a fleet of 355 ships. The Navy termed a second Virginia-class attack submarine its top unfunded priority in fiscal year 2021.It has set a requirement for 66 attack submarines and currently has about 50.However, as older Los Angeles-class submarines retire, that number could fall to 42. Forgoing construction of a Virginia-class submarine does not help to close that gap.

Moreover, the total number of Navy ships, now 293, will decline in the near term, widening the gap to get to 355.The Navys five-year shipbuilding program cut five of twelve planned Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, and cost considerations have led the Navy to decide to retire ten older Burke-class destroyers rather than extend their service life for an additional ten years.This comes when China is rapidly expanding its navy, and Russian attack submarines are returning on a more regular cycle to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Navy has said that funding the first Columbia-class ballistic missile submarine forced a cut-back in the number of other ships in its fiscal 2021 shipbuilding request.The decision not to fund a second Virginia-class attack submarine appears to stem directly from the unexpected $3 billion plus-up in funding for the National Nuclear Security Administrations fiscal year 2021 programs.

These are the opportunity costs of more nuclear weapons:fewer dollars for aircraft, ships, attack submarines and ground combat equipment for conventional deterrence and defense.

Nuclear War and Deterring Conventional Conflict

The principal driving factor behind the size of U.S. nuclear forces comes from Russian nuclear forces and doctrine.Diverse and effective U.S. nuclear forces that can deter a Russian nuclear attack should suffice to deter a nuclear attack by any third country.In contrast to the Cold War, the U.S. military no longer seems to worry much about a bolt from the bluea sudden Soviet or Russian first strike involving a massive number of nuclear weapons designed to destroy the bulk of U.S. strategic forces before they could launch.That is because, under any conceivable scenario, sufficient U.S. strategic forcesprincipally on ballistic missile submarines at seawould survive to inflict a devastating retaliatory response.

The most likely scenario for nuclear use between the United States and Russia is a regional conflict fought at the conventional level in which one side begins to lose and decides to escalate by employing a small number of low-yield nuclear weapons, seeking to reverse battlefield losses and signal the strength of its resolve.Questions thus have arisen about whether Russia has an escalate-to-deescalate doctrine and whether the 2018 U.S. nuclear posture review lowers the threshold for use of nuclear weapons.

If the United States and its allies have sufficiently robust conventional forces, they can prevail in a regional conflict at the conventional level and push any decision about first use of nuclear weapons onto the other side (Russia, or perhaps China or North Korea depending on the scenario).The other side would have to weigh carefully the likelihood that its first use of nuclear weapons would trigger a nuclear response, opening the decidedly grim prospect of further nuclear escalation and of things spinning out of control.The other sides leader might calculate that he/she could control the escalation, but that gamble would come with no guarantee. It would appear a poor bet given the enormous consequences if things go wrong.Happily, the test has never been run.

This is why the opportunity costs of nuclear weapons programs matter.If those programs strip too much funding from conventional forces, they weaken the ability of the United States and its allies to prevail in a conventional conflictor to deter that conflict in the first placeand increase the possibility that the United States might have to employ nuclear weapons to avert defeat.

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Weapons, Opportunity Costs, COVID19 and Avoiding Nuclear War - The National Interest

Eat Like a Bird and Weight Loss Will Be a Dead Sirt – American Council on Science and Health

Adeles significant slim down has been credited to a combination of exercise and eating sirtfoods. So what is the sirt diet and could it work for you?

COVID-19 may still be daily overwhelming the internet, but for a few hours last week all the talk on social mediturned to just how singer Adele could havelost so much weight.

And the answer? Apparently (allegedly) shes been following the sirtfood diet, detailed in a book of the same name written by Aidan Goggins and Glen Matten.

The sirt in sirtfood stands for sirtuins a group of genes and the proteins they encode that play a key role in cellular homeostasis. Sirtuins have been implicated in the stress response, DNA repair and energy metabolism, but the area where they've whipped up more scientific interest (and hype) than any other isin relation to extending lifespan.

The finding that sirtuins were linked to longevity in yeast led to an explosion of research that has yielded ambiguous results. There have been some signs of life extension and improved long-term health, including an anti-diabetic potential in laboratory animals, but nothing thats been reliably shown to extend life in mammals.

The central tenet of the sirtfood diet is that eating certain polyphenol-rich foods red wine and dark chocolate are frequently citedas examples to make the diet seem sexier can stimulate sirtuins (coined your skinny genes by the authors) and create weight loss.

Activating sirtuins through diet is an intriguing theory, but theres little evidence to support it, and even less evidence that doing so would lead to significant weight loss in practice.

The diet promises a weight loss of 7 pounds in 7 days and that longer-term you will improve your resistance to disease while gaining incredible energy and glowing health.

If you dont gnaw off your arm in hunger before you get slim that is.

Phase one of the diet is three miserable days of consuming just 1000 calories including three green juices, followed by four more days when youre permitted 1500 calories but still have to gag on drink green juice.

Phase two lasts for two weeks and isn't a whole lot more appealing, while longer-term you have to continue consuming the same list of foods repeatedly.

Polyphenol-rich food such as apples and citrus, green leafy vegetables, berries and olive oil are all perfectly healthy but having to focus on them at every meal is faddish and restrictive.

And thats the real reason the sirt diet works for those that do stick to it despite sounding seductively sciencey the restraints mean its just another not-particularly-well-disguised route to cutting calories.

If it works for you and it worked for Adele, then great. But lets not pretend sirt diet success stories are down to anything other than eating less.

Excerpt from:
Eat Like a Bird and Weight Loss Will Be a Dead Sirt - American Council on Science and Health

Alkane Resources gets green light for underground exploration drive to reach new gold deposits – Proactive Investors Australia

The exploration drive approval allows for development within a nominated corridor as it is recognised that the exact location will vary as the mineralisation is further identified.

Alkane Resources Limited () has received approval from the NSW Government Resources Regulator to develop an exploration drive from theexisting Wyoming One underground operations at Tomingley Gold Project to Roswell and San Antonio deposits, around four kilometres to the south.

The company believes this is an important milestone towards a future potential underground mine at Roswell and San Antonio that could be developed independently of an open cut operation.

While being an exploration drive, itwill be sized such that it could also accommodate production in the future.

Alkane managing director Nic Earner said: Alkane has the equipment purchased, personnel recruited and land acquired to allow this development to proceed and we will now incorporate the timing of the drive development into the Tomingley Gold Operations budget schedules, as well as our regional exploration plans.

Given the prospectivity of the region around our existing operations, this approval provides Alkane with all the exploration and, in time, production options, to extend the life of mine at Tomingley well into the future.

The Tomingley Gold Project (TGP) in Central West NSW contains Alkanes Tomingley Gold Operations (TGO), an open pit mine with a 1 million tonnes per annum processing facility that is transitioning to underground.

Over the past two years, Alkane has conducted an extensive regional exploration program around the TGP with the objective of defining additional resources that have the potential to be mined either via open pit or underground operations and fed to the TGO processing facility.

Thisprogram has yielded broad, shallow, high-grade intercepts that demonstrate potential for material project life extension in excess of 10 years, and show that a return to open pit mining and/or underground extension is possible with appropriate resource confirmation, landholder agreement and regulatory approvals.

The drive is conceptual in nature to allow visualisation of the potential development.

At both the Roswell and San Antonio prospects, inferred resources have been defined of 7.02 million tonnes at 1.97 g/t gold for 445,000 ounces and 7.92 million tonnes at 1.78 g/t for 453,000 ounces respectively.

The resources are now being prepared into conceptual mine plans that can be used to progress NSW Government mining approvals.

Development of the underground exploration drive will allowdrilling positions, bulk-samplingand assessment of the corridor between the existing operations, as the Roswell and San Antonio deposits are not as readily accessible from surface.

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Alkane Resources gets green light for underground exploration drive to reach new gold deposits - Proactive Investors Australia

Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Research Report: Probable Key Development To Be Observed Market States And Outlook Across By 2026 – Weekly Wall

Complete study of the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements market is carried out by the analysts in this report, taking into consideration key factors like drivers, challenges, recent trends, opportunities, advancements, and competitive landscape. This report offers a clear understanding of the present as well as future scenario of the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements industry. Research techniques like PESTLE and Porters Five Forces analysis have been deployed by the researchers. They have also provided accurate data on Reishi Mushroom Supplements production, capacity, price, cost, margin, and revenue to help the players gain a clear understanding into the overall existing and future market situation.

Key companies operating in the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements market include ,Natures Way Reishi,Solaray Reishi Mushroom,Life Extension Reishi Extract,Host Defense Reishi,Terrasoul Superfoods,Swanson Reishi Mushroom,Aloha Medicinals,Mushroom Science,Planetary Herbals

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Segmental Analysis

The report has classified the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements industry into segments including product type and application. Every segment is evaluated based on growth rate and share. Besides, the analysts have studied the potential regions that may prove rewarding for the Reishi Mushroom Supplements manufcaturers in the coming years. The regional analysis includes reliable predictions on value and volume, thereby helping market players to gain deep insights into the overall Reishi Mushroom Supplements industry.

Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Segment By Type:

,Organic Reishi Mushroom Supplements,Inorganic Reishi Mushroom Supplements Reishi Mushroom Supplements

Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Segment By Application:

,Online Sales,Offline Sales

Competitive Landscape

It is important for every market participant to be familiar with the competitive scenario in the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements industry. In order to fulfil the requirements, the industry analysts have evaluated the strategic activities of the competitors to help the key players strengthen their foothold in the market and increase their competitiveness.

Key companies operating in the global Reishi Mushroom Supplements market include ,Natures Way Reishi,Solaray Reishi Mushroom,Life Extension Reishi Extract,Host Defense Reishi,Terrasoul Superfoods,Swanson Reishi Mushroom,Aloha Medicinals,Mushroom Science,Planetary Herbals

Key questions answered in the report:

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TOC

1 Study Coverage1.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Product Introduction1.2 Market Segments1.3 Key Reishi Mushroom Supplements Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue1.4 Market by Type1.4.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Growth Rate by Type1.4.2 Organic Reishi Mushroom Supplements1.4.3 Inorganic Reishi Mushroom Supplements1.5 Market by Application1.5.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Growth Rate by Application1.5.2 Online Sales1.5.3 Offline Sales1.6 Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19): Reishi Mushroom Supplements Industry Impact1.6.1 How the Covid-19 is Affecting the Reishi Mushroom Supplements Industry

1.6.1.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Business Impact Assessment Covid-19

1.6.1.2 Supply Chain Challenges

1.6.1.3 COVID-19s Impact On Crude Oil and Refined Products1.6.2 Market Trends and Reishi Mushroom Supplements Potential Opportunities in the COVID-19 Landscape1.6.3 Measures / Proposal against Covid-19

1.6.3.1 Government Measures to Combat Covid-19 Impact

1.6.3.2 Proposal for Reishi Mushroom Supplements Players to Combat Covid-19 Impact1.7 Study Objectives1.8 Years Considered 2 Executive Summary2.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Estimates and Forecasts2.1.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue 2015-20262.1.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales 2015-20262.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size by Region: 2020 Versus 20262.2.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-20202.2.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020 3 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Competitor Landscape by Players3.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Manufacturers3.1.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.1.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Manufacturers3.2.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2.3 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) (2015-2020)3.2.4 Global Top 10 and Top 5 Companies by Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue in 20193.2.5 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)3.3 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Price by Manufacturers3.4 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Manufacturing Base Distribution, Product Types3.4.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Manufacturers Manufacturing Base Distribution, Headquarters3.4.2 Manufacturers Reishi Mushroom Supplements Product Type3.4.3 Date of International Manufacturers Enter into Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market3.5 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans 4 Breakdown Data by Type (2015-2026)4.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size by Type (2015-2020)4.1.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Type (2015-2020)4.1.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Type (2015-2020)4.1.3 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Average Selling Price (ASP) by Type (2015-2026)4.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.3 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Average Selling Price (ASP) Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.3 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End 5 Breakdown Data by Application (2015-2026)5.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size by Application (2015-2020)5.1.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Application (2015-2020)5.1.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Application (2015-2020)5.1.3 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Price by Application (2015-2020)5.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.3 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Price Forecast by Application (2021-2026) 6 North America6.1 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements by Country6.1.1 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Country6.1.2 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Country6.1.3 U.S.6.1.4 Canada6.2 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Type6.3 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Application 7 Europe7.1 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements by Country7.1.1 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Country7.1.2 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Country7.1.3 Germany7.1.4 France7.1.5 U.K.7.1.6 Italy7.1.7 Russia7.2 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Type7.3 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Application 8 Asia Pacific8.1 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements by Region8.1.1 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Region8.1.2 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Region8.1.3 China8.1.4 Japan8.1.5 South Korea8.1.6 India8.1.7 Australia8.1.8 Taiwan8.1.9 Indonesia8.1.10 Thailand8.1.11 Malaysia8.1.12 Philippines8.1.13 Vietnam8.2 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Type8.3 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Application 9 Latin America9.1 Latin America Reishi Mushroom Supplements by Country9.1.1 Latin America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Country9.1.2 Latin America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Country9.1.3 Mexico9.1.4 Brazil9.1.5 Argentina9.2 Central & South America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Type9.3 Central & South America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Application 10 Middle East and Africa10.1 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements by Country10.1.1 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales by Country10.1.2 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue by Country10.1.3 Turkey10.1.4 Saudi Arabia10.1.5 U.A.E10.2 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Type10.3 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Facts & Figures by Application 11 Company Profiles11.1 Natures Way Reishi11.1.1 Natures Way Reishi Corporation Information11.1.2 Natures Way Reishi Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.1.3 Natures Way Reishi Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.1.4 Natures Way Reishi Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.1.5 Natures Way Reishi Recent Development11.2 Solaray Reishi Mushroom11.2.1 Solaray Reishi Mushroom Corporation Information11.2.2 Solaray Reishi Mushroom Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.2.3 Solaray Reishi Mushroom Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.2.4 Solaray Reishi Mushroom Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.2.5 Solaray Reishi Mushroom Recent Development11.3 Life Extension Reishi Extract11.3.1 Life Extension Reishi Extract Corporation Information11.3.2 Life Extension Reishi Extract Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.3.3 Life Extension Reishi Extract Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.3.4 Life Extension Reishi Extract Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.3.5 Life Extension Reishi Extract Recent Development11.4 Host Defense Reishi11.4.1 Host Defense Reishi Corporation Information11.4.2 Host Defense Reishi Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.4.3 Host Defense Reishi Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.4.4 Host Defense Reishi Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.4.5 Host Defense Reishi Recent Development11.5 Terrasoul Superfoods11.5.1 Terrasoul Superfoods Corporation Information11.5.2 Terrasoul Superfoods Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.5.3 Terrasoul Superfoods Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.5.4 Terrasoul Superfoods Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.5.5 Terrasoul Superfoods Recent Development11.6 Swanson Reishi Mushroom11.6.1 Swanson Reishi Mushroom Corporation Information11.6.2 Swanson Reishi Mushroom Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.6.3 Swanson Reishi Mushroom Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.6.4 Swanson Reishi Mushroom Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.6.5 Swanson Reishi Mushroom Recent Development11.7 Aloha Medicinals11.7.1 Aloha Medicinals Corporation Information11.7.2 Aloha Medicinals Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.7.3 Aloha Medicinals Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.7.4 Aloha Medicinals Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.7.5 Aloha Medicinals Recent Development11.8 Mushroom Science11.8.1 Mushroom Science Corporation Information11.8.2 Mushroom Science Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.8.3 Mushroom Science Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.8.4 Mushroom Science Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.8.5 Mushroom Science Recent Development11.9 Planetary Herbals11.9.1 Planetary Herbals Corporation Information11.9.2 Planetary Herbals Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.9.3 Planetary Herbals Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.9.4 Planetary Herbals Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.9.5 Planetary Herbals Recent Development11.1 Natures Way Reishi11.1.1 Natures Way Reishi Corporation Information11.1.2 Natures Way Reishi Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.1.3 Natures Way Reishi Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.1.4 Natures Way Reishi Reishi Mushroom Supplements Products Offered11.1.5 Natures Way Reishi Recent Development 12 Future Forecast by Regions (Countries) (2021-2026)12.1 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Estimates and Projections by Region12.1.1 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast by Regions 2021-202612.1.2 Global Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast by Regions 2021-202612.2 North America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.1 North America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.2 North America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.3 North America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.3 Europe Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.1 Europe: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.2 Europe: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.3 Europe: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.4 Asia Pacific Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.1 Asia Pacific: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.2 Asia Pacific: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.3 Asia Pacific: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Region (2021-2026)12.5 Latin America Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.1 Latin America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.2 Latin America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.3 Latin America: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.6 Middle East and Africa Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.1 Middle East and Africa: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.2 Middle East and Africa: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.3 Middle East and Africa: Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026) 13 Market Opportunities, Challenges, Risks and Influences Factors Analysis13.1 Market Opportunities and Drivers13.2 Market Challenges13.3 Market Risks/Restraints13.4 Porters Five Forces Analysis13.5 Primary Interviews with Key Reishi Mushroom Supplements Players (Opinion Leaders) 14 Value Chain and Sales Channels Analysis14.1 Value Chain Analysis14.2 Reishi Mushroom Supplements Customers14.3 Sales Channels Analysis14.3.1 Sales Channels14.3.2 Distributors 15 Research Findings and Conclusion 16 Appendix16.1 Research Methodology16.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach16.1.2 Data Source16.2 Author Details

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Reishi Mushroom Supplements Market Research Report: Probable Key Development To Be Observed Market States And Outlook Across By 2026 - Weekly Wall

All is not well at the Neyveli thermal power station in Cuddalore – Down To Earth Magazine

Several accidents at the power station reveal serious issues in maintenance, safety systems

In the past five years, two major accidents and a minor accident occurred at the Neyveli Lignite Thermal Power Station (NLTPS) a lignite-based thermal power station located near the lignite mines of Neyveli in Tamil Nadus Cuddalore district.

Another accident at the plant owned by Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC), an undertaking of the Union government revealed serious issues in maintenance and safety systems in the old units running at NLTPS, for which the senior management should be held responsible.

NLC has a history of management issues. There have been frequent strikes by workers over several issues over the years. These strikes may be one of the reasons for poor operational practices at NLTPS.

Continuous delays in the commissioning of new units forced NLTPS to run its old units, scheduled to retire between 2011-15. Efficient and safe operating life of thermal power plant is considered to be around 25 years. At NLTPS, however, a large number of units are 25-57 years old.

Unit 6, where the incident occurred, is more than 26 years old and is to be retired due to unavailability of space for pollution control technologies, according to the National Electricity Plan, 2018.

NLTPS has distinct phases, where new units are usually commissioned, with auxillary utilities (like coal handling, water treatment etc) being common for different units in each phase.Phase one consists of units 1-6 (50 x 6 megawatts or MW) and 7-9 (100 x 3 MW), commissioned during 1962-70. All these units were scheduled to be retired between 2011-15.

This plan, however, could not be executed due to a continuous delay in commissioning of the new capacity.

The present total capacity of the first stage is 500 MW (unit 7, with a capacity of 100 MW, was retired in 2019). The expansion of phase one included two units of 210 MW capacity each.

NLTPS phase two has units 1-7 (210 x 7 MW) commissioned during 1988-93. Stage two expansion has two units of 250 MW capacity, each commissioned in 2014-15.

Two new units of 500 MW each, that were scheduled to arrive in 2014-15, were continuously delayed. One of them was added in 2019 and the other is yet to come.

These two units were critical as retirement of the old plant was based on the commissioning of these units. The retirement of old units (40-50-years-old) was continuously delayed due to delay in the commissioning of new units.

Source: CSE

History of disorder

2011:It was planned for NLTPS phase one to be decommissioned between 2011 and 2014. In 2011, however, the period of operations was extended for five years and still has not been retired.

2013-17: Frequent strikes in NLC on dilution of stakes and wages issues, with the matter in court till February, 2020.

May 20, 2014: Blast at a pipeline of a boiler in NLTPS phase one unit seven (100 MW) killed two people and injured four others. An NLC probe committee blamed an engineer for the incident and said it was satisfied with the built-in safety protection available in the scheme. It was claimed that a life extension programme and periodical residual life assessment studies were conducted to ensure safe operation of the plant.

June 2019:One person was killed and two others seriously injured in an explosion of the safety valve at one of the units in NLTPS phase two.

May 5, 2020: Minor fire incident at the conveyor belt in NLTPS phase two.

May 7, 2020: The incident occurred in the NLTPS phase two, unit 6 boiler of NLC India's second thermal power station. The pressure build-up inside the boiler caused the blast. Eight people, who were working in the area, were injured and taken to NLC's hospital.

There may be many technical reasons including excessive accumulation of ash and improper fuel combustion for a blast in a boiler, caused by uneven heat transfer at certain locations, said Ashu Gupta, a former general manager at National Thermal Power Corporation Limited.

All these issues are handled by power plants in day-to-day operations andmaintenance, he said. This blast is clearly a result of a failure of built-in checks and safety systems that are in place in all the power plants, Gupta added.

Such incidents are the blatant failure of maintenance and operational safety interlocks and should not be linked to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, according to Amit Kumar Singh, a power sector consultant.

There might be various technical reasons for the blast, but the real reasons will be revealed after the investigation report comes out, according to several experts.

Over the years, Delhi-based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has been pushing hard to expedite the retirement of old units.

The execution of government plans for the retirement of old plants are continuously delayed. These old plants require significant investment for operation and safety, with poor management at the plant level making these units prone to such serious incidents.

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All is not well at the Neyveli thermal power station in Cuddalore - Down To Earth Magazine

Picking Up the Tab – times-advocate.com

If we are looking for some entity to blame for the Coronavirus Pandemic, the obvious choice would be China. Scientists are fairly certain that is where the micro-organism began an assault on humanity.

The city of Wuhan is known as a center of bio-engineering experimentation. Whether or not the outbreak was an accident or part of, as some Russian military experts have claimed, a strategic effort to realign the political power structure on Earth, is a different question. If one wanted to put the question before a jury, as any prosecuting attorney would point out, China had the means, the opportunity, and the motive. Their economic light was dimming dramatically, and the recent surge of demands for democratic reforms, and the stiff tariffs imposed by Trump have shaken the Communist regime. With a population of nearly 1.4 billion, losing a few million citizens to disease would be a cheap price for them to pay to overcome Americas worldwide economic dominance.

What about Russia? Not a chance. They are super dependent on oil to prop up their weak economic infrastructure and they would never have contributed to crude prices falling into negative numbers. Europe? Not scientifically or politically motivated or capable.

That leaves the USA. The Chinese have suggested we started the outbreak, though they never outlined why we would want to destroy our own economy.

There is one group within the worldwide demographic that could qualify as beneficiaries of a complete economic and political realignment: That would be the post Baby Boomer generations of Millennials and X-Gens. We have surveys that claim most of them hate capitalism and economic inequality. If, as a theoretical political force, they wanted to clear the decks for their future, what would be the one thing that could redistribute economic wealth, restore the health of the environment, and expand the nanny state?

The answer is reducing or eliminating the drag that senior citizens put on civilization. Americas aging population is living longer, using more resources, drawing on retirement benefits and social services at higher rates than anyone ever predicted when statisticians did their amortization schedules back in the 70s and 80s. We old farts were supposed to have been gone by now. If there is any group that might see an economic upside to the pandemic it would be our kids and their kids.

Do I really think our descendants are anxious to kill us off? No, but the cause and effect are intriguing food for thought Do I really believe this Pandemic is manmade? Yes and no. I think science got burned playing with fire. In our never-ending search for the elixir of youth, science sometimes ventures into dangerous territory. So I think this epidemic was probably made worse by human experimentation, trying to understand more about how these molecular killers threaten our species. Were all living a nightmare resulting from good intentions gone horribly wrong.

Whether by accident or by design the Coovid19 pandemic is effectively culling the herd. Ranchers do this to improve the gene pool of their cattle, or to reduce their costs associated with illnesses. Mother Nature also has a way of draining the swamp just before it becomes too toxic, then replenishing it with freshwater and reviving the ecological balance.

Am I suggesting seniors are toxic and young people are willing to put us out to pasture? No, but the truth is life is terminal, and living in freedom is dangerous. No society can guarantee safety and security, under any political system. During this scary period, civilization should attempt to protect the most vulnerable, the aged, and the sick, and once again young people will bear the cost and lifestyle burden for them. Baby Boomers have made life extension our main goal, and now our offspring will have to pick up the tab.

Rick Elkin is an artist, author, and columnist. His most recent book, The Illusion of Knowledge: Why So Many Educated Americans Embrace Marxism, is available at most online booksellers. He resides in Escondido, California. You can follow him at RickElkin.com.

*Note: Opinions expressed by columnists and letter writers are those of the writers and not necessarily those of the newspaper.

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Picking Up the Tab - times-advocate.com

NLC India TPS II, all about the company where boiler blast occurred in Neyveli – Zee News

New Delhi: Eight workers of NLC India Ltd were injured and hospitalised in a boiler blast at NLC India Limiteds thermal power station (TPS) II in Neyveli in Tamil Nadu on Thursday.

The power stations of the integrated mining-cum-power generating company are located at Neyveli in Cuddalore.

Here is all you need to know about at NLC India Limiteds thermal power station (TPS) II in Neyveli, the company where the boiler blast occurred.

Neyveli Thermal Power Station-I

The first unit of the 600 MW Neyveli Thermal Power Station-I was synchronized in May 1962 and the last unit was synchronized in September 1970

The 600 MW Neyveli Thermal Power Station-I consists of six units of 50 MW each and three units of 100 MW each.

The Power generated from Thermal Power Station-I is supplied to TANGEDCO, Tamilnadu which is the sole beneficiary.

Due to the aging of the equipments / high pressure parts, the Life extension programme has been approved by the government in March 1992 and was successfully completed in March 1999 thus extending the life by 15 years, the company profile reads.

This power station is being operated after conducting Residual Life Assessment (RLA) study. Government has sanctioned a 2x500 MW Power Project (Neyveli New Thermal Power Plant NNTPS) in June 2011 as replacement for existing TPS-I, it adds.

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NLC India TPS II, all about the company where boiler blast occurred in Neyveli - Zee News

Asset life extension: viable in the long term for oil and gas? – Offshore Technology

]]> An oil drilling rig in the North Sea. Credit: Erik Christensen.

While much of the oil and gas industry begins to focus its efforts on decommissioning, and transitioning to a world where oil production, if not oil usage, will form a smaller part of the global energy mix, there are a few companies continuing to invest in and extend the lives of their projects.

Equinors Statfjord field is perhaps the most obvious example, with the company recently announcing that the Statfjord A platform will continue to produce oil into 2027, close to its 50thyear of active operation. The field is estimated to have generated $180bn in income over its lengthy lifespan, and with the drilling of 100 new wells planned, the operators seem to be confident that despite the general trend of the industry, profit and productivity remain in the field.

But its not just majors who are engaging in asset life extension, with this optimistic approach trickling down to smaller players in the North Sea. One such company is Rockrose Energy, a UK-based independent that announced earlier this year that production at its Ross and Blake fields in the North Sea will be extended by five years, pushing the fields expected lifespans into 2029.

With the operators expanding the fields potential production by more than two million barrels of oil equivalent, the project is an identical case study in optimism and a focus on the bottom line to Equinors expansion, but on a more local scale. Yet it remains to be seen if Rockroses project will prove financially viable in the long-term, and how the expansion work will fit into an industry that, despite a few examples, seems committed to decommissioning.

Decommissioning is becoming an increasingly vital aspect of the North Sea oil and gas industry. Oil and Gas UK reported at the end of 2019 that the UK offshore sector is expected to spend over $19bn on decommissioning over the next decade, with well decommissioning in particular accounting for 45% of the forecast expenditure for oil and gas companies over the next ten years.

Yet Rockrose is undeterred, with managing director Peter Mann noting that it is part of the companys strategy to extend field life and push back decommissioning. Plans at Ross and Blake are in line with that.

The firm plans to invest $250m into the two fields, in which it owns a 30.8% stake, to fund new drilling work that will see two additional infill wells constructed

This optimistic investment follows a productive few years for the companythat has encouraged Rockrose to take a more proactive, expansionist approach to its assets, at a time where much of the industry is looking towards decommissioning. Rockrose has seen productivity increase at its operations in recent years, posting an increase in annual production across all of its operations across the North Sea of 117% in 2019 compared to 2018 figures.Furthermore,with over 100 million barrels of oil equivalent beneath its platforms in the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS) alone, the firm is optimistic that its projects will continue to be productive and profitable.

Mann was also eager to point out Rockroses recent commitment to proactive asset acquisition and ensuring high standards of occupational health and safety, both of which could help stabilise the company and its assets in an industry whose future is increasingly uncertain, creating a coherent identity for the firm to unite its operations across its assets.

Rockrose has established HSE policies in place, which ensure the safety and wellbeing of its employees and contractors, he said. This was reflected at Brae, where in 2019 the total number of HSE incidents fell by 39% to 17, with only seven of these taking place post-completion of the acquisition of the Marathon UK deal, which included the Brae assets.

As a result, Rockrose has aimed to position itself as an active and dynamic actor in a sector often considered backward-looking and resistant to change; last July, for instance, the company completed the $95m acquisition of Marathon Oil, a deal which saw assets worth 28 million barrels of oil equivalent come under the operation of Rockrose, significantly expanding the companys influence in the North Sea.

Rockroses approach appears to have yielded financial dividends, at least in the short term, with dramatic improvements in raw production figures and profits over the last year. The company saw a 311% increase in gas production from 2018 to 2019, alongside a 55% increase in oil production over the same period, and a total increase in revenues of 64% across its oil and gas operations.

In the companys annual report, executive chairman Andrew Austin echoed this sentiment, predicting a 9% increase in production between 2019 and 2020 that would see the firms total output reach around 21,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day

Yet while these figures are undoubtedly impressive, they are undermined by the companys vast capital expenditure, which has been enough to keep the company producing in the short term, yet it is unclear as to the sustainability of this level of investment; between 2018 and 2019, capital expenditure increased by a dramatic 624% to $76.9m. Perhaps most concerning, however, is the 292% increase in abandonment expenditure, with RockRose spending over $9m on abandonment work in 2019, despite its broad aims to delay decommissioning work where possible.

In 2017, Rockrose commissioned oil and gas evaluation firm ERC Equipoise to assess the companys long-term financial viability, and the companys conclusions could be a concern for Rockrose. ERC Equipoise predicted that cost inflation would increase from 1.02% in 2018 to 1.4% in 2034, which could drive up operational expenses for a company that has already invested a significant sum across its operations.

Yet according to Mann, this ever-increasing spend is simply part of a changing oil and gas landscape in the UK.

The UK North Sea continues to represent a significant opportunity, said Mann. There is a changing of the guard in the UKCS, with some of the larger international companies refocusing elsewhere, which leaves opportunities for smaller, flexible and ambitious companies with strong balance sheets, like Rockrose, to take on the assets and maximise their economic recovery and potential.

Should the oil and gas landscape shift away from major companies with decades-old projects, towards these smaller, more agile firms with fewer assets, Rockroses vision of smaller projects with significant financial margins could be realised. Despite investment of $248m into the Ross and Blake fields as part of the latest round of expansion alone, the firm still posted an end-of-year balance of $203m at the end of 2019, compared to $38m at the end of 2018.

Financial risks certainly remain for those eager to pursue asset expansion at this point in time, but Rockrose is proving that there could be a way forward for independent companies willing to take these kindsof financial risks.

Continued here:
Asset life extension: viable in the long term for oil and gas? - Offshore Technology

America’s Looking Glass: How The E-6 Mercury Could Destroy The World – The National Interest

Here's What You Need To Remember:While the Mercury has demonstrated its usefulness as an airborne communication hub for supporting troops in the field, the airborne command post will be considered a success if it never has to execute its primary mission.

In a military that operates Raptor stealth fighters, A-10 tank busters, B-52 bombers and Harrier jump jets, the U.S. Navys placid-looking E-6 Mercury, based on the 707 airliner, seems particularly inoffensive. But dont be deceived by appearances. Though the Mercury doesnt carry any weapons of its own, it may be in a sense the deadliest aircraft operated by the Pentagon, as its job is to command the launch of land-based and sea-based nuclear ballistic missiles.

Of course, the U.S. military has a ground-based strategic Global Operations Center in Nebraska, and land-based transmitters for communicating with the nuclear triad. However, the E-6s sinister purpose is to maintain the communication link between the national command authority (starting with the president and secretary of defense) and U.S. nuclear forces, even if ground-based command centers are destroyed by an enemy first strike. In other words, you can chop off the head of the U.S. nuclear forces, but the body will keep on coming at you, thanks to these doomsday planes.

The E-6s basic mission is known as Take Charge and Move Out (TACAMO). Prior to the development of the E-6, theTACAMOmission was undertaken by land-based transmitter and laterEC-130Gand Q Hercules aircraft, which had Very Low Frequency radios for communication with navy submarines. Interestingly, France also operated its ownTACAMOaircraft until 2001, four modifiedTransallC-160HAstarttransports, which maintainedVLFcommunications with French ballistic-missile submarines.

The first of sixteenE-6sentered service between 1989 and 1992. These were the last built in averylong line of military variants of the venerable Boeing 707 airliner, in particular the707-320BAdvanced, also used in theE-3 Sentry. Bristling with thirty-one communication antennas, theE-6Aswere originally tasked solely with communicating with submerged Navy submarines. Retrofitted with more fuel-efficientCFM-56turbojets and benefiting from expanded fuel tanks, theE-6Acould remain in the air up to fifteen hours, or seventy-two with inflight refueling.

To use its Very Low Frequency radios, an E-6 has to fly in a continuous orbit at a high altitude, with its fuselage- and tail-mounted VLF radios trailing one- and five-mile-long wire antennas at a near-vertical attitude! The VLF signals can be received byOhio-class nuclear ballistic-missile submarineshiding deep underwater, thousands of miles away. However, the VLF transmitters limited bandwidth means they can only send raw data at around thirty-five alphanumeric characters per secondmaking them alotslower than even the old 14k internet modems of the 1990s. Still, its enough to transmit Emergency Action Messages, instructing the ballistic-missile subs to execute one of a diverse menu of preplanned nuclear attacks, ranging from limited to full-scale nuclear strikes. The E-6s systems are also hardened to survive the electromagnetic pulse from nuclear weapons detonating below.

Between 1997 and 2006, the Pentagon upgraded the entire E-6A fleet to the dual-role E-6B, which expanded the Mercurys capabilities by allowing it to serve as an Airborne Nuclear Command Post with its own battle staff area for the job. In this role it serves as a backup for four huge E-4 command post aircraft based on the 747 Jumbo jet. The E-6B has ultra-high-frequency radios in its Airborne Launch Control system that enable it to remotely launch land-based ballistic missiles from their underground silos, a task formerly assigned to U.S. Air Force EC-135 Looking Glass aircraftyet another 707 variant. The E-6s crew was expanded from fourteen to twenty-two for the command post mission, usually including an onboard admiral or general. Additional UHF radios give the E-6B access to the survivable MILSTAR satellite communications network, while the cockpit is upgraded up with new avionics and instruments from the 737NG airliner. The E-6B can be distinguished in photos by its additional wing-mounted pods.

The Mercurys abundant communications gear allows it to perform nonnuclear Command, Control and Communications (C3) operations as well. For this reason, E-6s have at times been deployed to Europe and the Middle East to serve as flying C3 hubs. For example, VQ-4 was deployed in Qatar for three years from 2006 to 2009, where it relayed information such as IED blast reports and medical evacuation requests from U.S. troops in Iraq who were out of contact with their headquarters.

Two Navy Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadrons currently operate the E-6: VQ-3 Ironmen and VQ-4 Shadows, both under the Navy Strategic Communications Wing 1. These have their home at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma, but also routinely forward deploy out of Travis AFB in California and Patuxent River Naval Air Station in Maryland. At least one E-6 is kept airborne at all times. E-6s on the submarine-communication mission often fly in circles over the ocean at the lowest possible speedfor as long as ten hours at a time. Those performing the nuclear command post mission typically remain on alert near Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska. The E-6s nuclear mission has also made its operations occasional fodder for conspiracy theorists and foreign propaganda outlets.

The E-6 platform should remain in service until 2040 thanks to a service-life extension program and continual tweaks to its systems and radios. While the Mercury has demonstrated its usefulness as an airborne communication hub for supporting troops in the field, the airborne command post will be considered a success if it never has to execute its primary mission. The heart of nuclear deterrence, after all, is convincing potential adversaries that no first strike will be adequate to prevent a devastating riposte. The E-6s are vital component in making that threat a credible one.

Sbastien Roblin holds a masters degree in conflict resolution from Georgetown University and served as a university instructor for the Peace Corps in China. He has also worked in education, editing and refugee resettlement in France and the United States. He currently writes on security and military history forWar Is Boring.

This first appeared in December 2017.

Image: Wikipedia.

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America's Looking Glass: How The E-6 Mercury Could Destroy The World - The National Interest

Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension Market Countries Analysis Report 2020 by Industry Size, Share, Growth Rate and Revenue – Latest Herald

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Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension in its database, which provides an expert and in-depth analysis of key business trends and future market development prospects, key drivers and restraints, profiles of major market players, segmentation and forecasting. A Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension Market provides an extensive view of size; trends and shape have been developed in this report to identify factors that will exhibit a significant impact in boosting the sales of Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension Market in the near future

Scope and Segmentation of the Report

The segment analysis is one of the significant sections of this report. Our expert analyst has categorized the market into product type, application/end-user, and geography. All the segments are analyzed based on their market share, growth rate, and growth potential. In the geographical classification, the report highlights the regional markets having high growth potential. This thorough evaluation of the segments would help the players to focus on revenue-generating areas of the Vertical Farming market.

Regional Analysis

Our analysts are experts in covering all types of geographical markets from developing to mature ones. You can expect a comprehensive research analysis of key regional and country-level markets such as Europe, North America, South America, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa. With accurate statistical patterns and regional classification, our domain experts provide you one of the most detailed and easily understandable regional analyses of the Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension market.

Competitive Landscape:

The research report also studied the key players operating in the Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension market. It has evaluated and explained the research & development stages of these companies, their financial performances, and their expansion plans for the coming years. Moreover, the research report also includes the list of planned initiatives that clearly explain the accomplishments of the companies in the recent past.

Research Methodology

The research methodology of the market is based on both primary as well as secondary research data sources. It compels different factors affecting the Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension industry such as historical data and market trends, different policies of the government, market environment, market risk factors, market restraints, technological advancements, forthcoming innovations, and obstacles in the industry.

Table Of Content

1 Report Overview

2 Global Growth Trends

3 Market Share by Key Players

4 Breakdown Data by Type and Application

5 North America

6 Europe

7 China

8 Japan

9 Southeast Asia

10 India

11 Central & South America

12 International Players Profiles

13 Market Forecast 2019-2026

14 Analysts Viewpoints/Conclusions

15 Appendix

Moreover, the research report assessed market key features, consisting of revenue, capacity utilization rate, price, gross, growth rate, consumption, production, export, supply, cost, market size & share, industry demand, export & import analysis, and CAGR.

Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension Market Key players influencing the market are profiled in the study along with their SWOT analysis and market strategies. The report also focuses on leading industry players with information such as company profiles, products and services offered financial information of last 3 years, key development in past five years.

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Artificial Intelligence in Life Extension Market Countries Analysis Report 2020 by Industry Size, Share, Growth Rate and Revenue - Latest Herald

The Global Food Additives Market is expected to grow by $ 8.86 bn during 2020-2024 progressing at a CAGR of 4% during the forecast period -…

New York, May 05, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report "Global Food Additives Market 2020-2024" - https://www.reportlinker.com/p03571280/?utm_source=GNW Our reports on food additives market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors. The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current global market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by the rising demand for processed food, increasing complexities in the food supply chain and growing demand for home food preservation. In addition, rising demand for processed food is anticipated to boost the growth of the market as well. The food additives market analysis includes application segment, product segment, and geographic landscapes

The food additives market is segmented as below: By Application Bakery and confectionery Beverages Convenience food Snacks Others

By Product Flavors and enhancers Acidulants Colorants Sweeteners Others

By Geographic Landscapes North America APAC Europe South America MEA

This study identifies the increasing adoption of organic and natural ingredients as one of the prime reasons driving the food additives market growth during the next few years. Also, rising trend of non-GMO ingredients and shelf life extension of food products will lead to sizable demand in the market. The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters. Our food additives market covers the following areas: Food additives market sizing Food additives market forecast Food additives market industry analysis"

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About ReportlinkerReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place.

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The Global Food Additives Market is expected to grow by $ 8.86 bn during 2020-2024 progressing at a CAGR of 4% during the forecast period -...

Fatigue Prediction for Extended Riser Life and Improved Vessel-Response Analysis – Journal of Petroleum Technology

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This paper presents a fatigue-prediction methodology designed to extend the life of unbonded flexible risers and improve the accuracy of floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel response analysis. The methodology combines measured-motion-response, maritime-environment, and process data to improve traditional time-domain dynamic analysis models, along with machine-learning (ML) techniques to develop a heading model for the FPSO.

Life extension of unbonded flexible risers is a challenge because of uncertainties associated with key parameters driving deterioration, such as how the riser was designed, manufactured, and installed and how it is operated. Fatigue service life is calculated during the design phase using models based on field-specific environmental data derived for the area and loads for the required design conditions per project specifications and international standards.

Using real measured data from the riser motions and from environmental sources can reduce uncertainties significantly, improving life-extension analysis for fatigue and other failure drivers. These data, when combined with high-end engineering assessments and considerations on data reliability, provide better insight and contribute to continued operations with acceptable risk for the risers.

The complete paper presents a methodology that uses measured environmental data and FPSO and riser response data in an ML environment to build more-realistic riser-response and fatigue-prediction models. A case example is presented for the risers suspended from the FPSO Fluminense producing from the Bijupir and Salema fields offshore Brazil. Because FPSO heading is important for vessel dynamics, especially roll, and the vessel dynamics are a key factor in the riser dynamics at this field, initial focus was on predicting vessel heading relative to swell. The heading model developed by ML showed good agreement and was used as a key tool in a traditional fatigue analysis. This analysis was based on historical sea states from the last 2 years. The results show that the fatigue analysis from the design phase is conservative and lifetime extension is achievable.

Because the fully instrumented measurement campaign ended after 4 months, the work focused on using all captured data to provide improved insight and develop both traditional simulation and ML models. For future fatigue predictions based on the developed fatigue counter, the objective is to maintain accuracy with less instrumentation.

In the present phase, FPSO and riser-response data from the 4-month campaign have been used to establish a correlation between riser behavior, environmental data, and FPSO heading and motion. Calibration of a traditional numerical model is performed using measurement data along with a direct waves-to-fatigue prediction based on modern ML techniques.

The ongoing work illustrates how real environmental data and response monitoring can reduce uncertainties and improve and extend flexible-riser life.

The improved armor-wire-fatigue methodology developed in this project uses accurate motion-response sensors directly installed on the riser and interfacing FPSO structures. The response data are combined with measured environmental data to build more-realistic fatigue models. The objective is to develop a model that represents the real-life responses of the FPSO in various swell- and wind-driven sea states, defining with high accuracy the long-term characteristics of the riser system.

Access to high-quality environmental data for tail-end production and life-extension projects of older assets may be a challenge. Efficient use of existing environmental data improves understanding of environmental loadings. Wind, wave, and surface-current data from different sources are assessed and verified for quality and potential weaknesses under varying conditions.

Actual operational data such as topside and subsea pressures and temperatures from the production information system are used instead of design limits to increase accuracy of fatigue development. Integrating the operators process-instrumentation network and riser-status databases enables use of actual exposure conditions. Measurement data, component data, and new insight from the improved analytical models are visualized by live contextualized dashboards that provide all stakeholders with the same easy-to-access, relevant, updated, and consistent information.

The complete paper discusses environmental data and motion monitoring. Because vessel roll is a key factor for the riser bending near the hang-off where the bend stiffener is located, models need a good representation of the wind, current, swell, and vessel heading to perform reliable fatigue analysis. When high-quality field measurement data are available at good resolution, better understanding of the dynamics and model improvement is achievable within a reasonable time. However, for periods without access to environmental and motion response data, good analytical models for both vessel response and for global and local riser analysis are necessary.

Swell is important for total wave conditions in Brazilian waters and is important for roll motion, especially for free-weathervaning FPSOs. In sea states dominated by swell, good insight in the heading of the FPSO relative to the incoming swell is important. During sea states with high wind, the FPSO will align with the wind direction and may expose the vessel to beam sea swell, possibly giving higher roll motions.

A key activity in this project was to develop a heading model for the FPSO, predicting the weathervaning response from input of wind, waves, and surface current. The authors preferred approach was to use field measurement data and ML. The more data are obtained, the more the model improves. Thus far, the model is trained on average from 3-hour sea states, so, for transient conditions, inaccuracies are inevitable. The model is trained as more field measurement data become available, and significant improvements are seen from the initial models to the current model. Several different ML approaches were tested to find the best possible approach for the data set of 4 months with 3-hour statistical data, giving approximately 600 samples after 3-hour periods with nearly no motions removed.

The ML processes used for developing the heading model were also used for the prediction of FPSO and riser-motion responses. The objective was to obtain a sufficiently accurate model enabling reliable prediction of dynamic responses in time periods where no response measurements are available.

The complete paper outlines the model-training process. The ML models proved to be on the same level or better than a time-simulation model in predicting motion responses when both models were fed with similar input from the environmental conditions.

As Fig. 1 illustrates, compared with the original design analysis, the accuracies of ML predictions based on real environmental data and models trained on measured field data enable a step toward reliable dynamics in flexible-riser fatigue.

Developing a reliable online fatigue counter for the flexible-riser armor wires began with validating the available environmental data for the FPSO site. A site with a comprehensive measurement program for waves, current, and wind with good time resolution would have been preferable. However, in this project, a robust and accurate alternative was found.

This approach will be relevant for the majority of brownfield assets. Newer installations in deeper waters likely will have more onsite measurements to support integrity-management analytics.

When combining quality weather data and observations; field measurements of FPSO, turret, and riser motion; and normalized fatigue/damage curves derived from validated models, the live fatigue counter can be established. The fatigue counter will account automatically for bore pressures different from planned operational pressure, as well as environmental conditions experienced in the field. Depending upon conservatism built into the design phase, possible life extension may be achieved and documented. By forecasting planned changes to operational conditions or possible changes in annulus environments, future scenarios may be exploited efficiently by assuming that wave, wind, and current in the coming years, on average, will be similar to those of recent years.

The complete paper includes a detailed discussion of the criteria and process used to develop the fatigue counter.

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Fatigue Prediction for Extended Riser Life and Improved Vessel-Response Analysis - Journal of Petroleum Technology

The Head in the Sand Approach to MAP And a product’s shelf life extension – International Supermarket News

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Understanding and optimizing how vapour permeability so dramatically effects the shelf-life of products in MAP packaging materials is hard. There are two approaches the head in the sand approach or practical testing. Versaperm has introduced a MAP testing service to measure the critical vapour permeability for packaging and materials based around its new high-speed testing equipment which can often turn around results within 24 hours, instead of the weeks taken by conventional testing techniques.

Vapour permeability testing has led to a four to eightfold shelf-life extension for food some products. Getting it wrong can actually reduce shelf life and quality.

Versaperm can test and measure vapour permeability not just for clients material samples but also for their packed products in their MAP packaging for virtually any type of package or configuration. Permeability can not only be measured not just for common water vapour problems but for oxygen, carbon dioxide, ethylene, and all other MAP gases.

It is important to have the ability to measure both material samples and finished products as manufacturing, sealing and packaging processes can substantially change a packages permeability.

Results are accurate in the parts per million or parts per billion ranges depending on the material and vapour. Where desired Versaperm can also control environmental conditions such as temperature and pressure, even across diurnal and seasonal cycles.

As well as its sample testing Versaperm develops and manufactures its own ranges of vapour testing equipment which are used by companies, universities, and national standards laboratories around the world.

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The Head in the Sand Approach to MAP And a product's shelf life extension - International Supermarket News

Shelf-life and food safety: Hear exclusive expert insights on two of the biggest industry challenges right now – FoodNavigator-Asia.com

Across the globe there has been a notable uptick in consumer interest in the provenance and standards of food products, while a surge in demand for fresh produce and packaged goods means shelf life extension and stability are paramount concerns for food manufacturers.

Thats why we will be shining the spotlight on both issues in an exclusive webinar on May 12, where Dr Lan Ban, Research & Development Director at Kemin Food Technologies, will be presenting expert insights.

According to the company: Food safety is every brands number one priority while keeping product fresh for longer allows business to optimise its returns.

However, meeting consumers demands for safe and high-quality food requires extensive understanding of the chemical and biological pathways that affect products.

Thats why in this presentation, Kemin will assess how minor, yet hugely important, ingredients such as antimicrobials play a pivotal role in delaying microbial growth and preventing foodborne illness, while simultaneously ensuring brand longevity and loyalty.

Key takeaways will include an understanding of common food safety and shelf life challenges, and listeners will be equipped with toolkit for the best use of antimicrobials to solve them and boost business outcomes at the same time.

Register for the webinar here.

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Shelf-life and food safety: Hear exclusive expert insights on two of the biggest industry challenges right now - FoodNavigator-Asia.com

SDNY Ruling in Newmont Mining Lawsuit – The National Law Review

As parties to merger or acquisition agreements carefully review their agreements to see what, if any, impacts the COVID-19 pandemic may have, the recent decision from the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York inNewmont Mining Corp. v. AngloGold Ashanti Ltd.[i]provides meaningful guidance for the interpretation of Material Adverse Effect (MAE) provisions in agreements governed by New York law. On March 18, 2020, inNewmont Mining, the Southern District of New York granted summary judgment for the seller, AngloGold Ashanti, Ltd. on the buyers, Newmont Mining Corporations, claims for damages arising from the alleged breach of an MAE provision. The decision inNewmont Mining, while decided under New York law, reinforces the established principle under Delaware law that buyers face an uphill battle when trying to establish an MAE.

An MAE provision in a merger or acquisition agreement typically includes three parts: 1) the definition of an MAE; 2) exclusion from that definition; and 3) exceptions to the exclusions. This article will discuss each part in turn, and discuss theNewmont Miningcourts reasoning for granting summary judgment to the seller relating to each part. Before diving into the details, however, it is worth keeping a few general principles about the interpretation of MAE provisions in mind.

GENERAL PRINCIPALS

When determining whether there is a breach of an MAE clause courts take a seller-friendly perspective that requires a buyer to make a strong showing to invoke its rights under MAE provisions.[ii] Thus, the Delaware Chancery Court has quipped, [a] contractual material adverse effect . . . is like a . . . tornadofrequently alleged but rarely shown to exist.[iii]

Courts consider the MAE provision as a backstop protecting the [buyer] from the occurrence of unknown events that substantially threaten the overall earnings potential of the target [company] in a durationally-significant manner.[iv] As a result, courts consider whether the alleged material adverse change was within the contemplation of the parties at the time they executed the agreement, whether it was within the control of the parties, and the magnitude of the impact on the relevant partys business.[v] MAE provisions are read in the larger context in which the parties were transacting.[vi] Thus, as theNewmont Miningcourt noted, a short-term hiccup in earnings should not suffice; rather the Material Adverse Effect should be material when viewed from the longer-term perspective of a reasonable acquiror.[vii]

Lastly, while the law in New York and Delaware regarding the interpretation of MAE provisions is largely consistent, the burden of proof required differs. Specifically, under Delaware law, a buyer must prove an MAE with clear and convincing evidence, whereas, in New York, the standard is a preponderance of the evidence.[viii]InNewmont Mining, this distinction, along with factual differences, led the court to distinguishAkorn, Inc. v. Fresenius Kabi AG[ix] the 2018 Delaware Chancery Court decision that made headlines because it found the existence of an MAE sufficient to terminate a merger agreement.[x]

THE DEFINITION OF AN MAE

Agreements typically define an MAE as any event, development or condition occurring that has had, or would be reasonably expected to have, a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition or results of operations of the company and its subsidiariestaken as a whole. For example, inNewmont Mining, where the buyer acquired a gold mine (the Mine) that contained a high grade mill (the Mill) that the seller was building as part of its Mine Life Extension project (MLE2), the MAE provision in the stock purchase agreement (SPA) defined a Company Material Adverse Effect, in relevant part, as any change, effect, event, occurrence, circumstance or state of facts that . . . (ii) is or would reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to the business, results of operations, condition (financial or otherwise) of . . .the Mine.[xi]

Importantly, the MAE provision referenced the Mine as a whole, not the Mill. This was of critical importance inNewmont Mining, where the only MAEs alleged by the buyer resulted from alleged problems with the Mill.[xii] As the court explained: the construction of the Mill was not the only component of the MLE2 project Moreover, Newmont bought the entire Mine, not just the one Mill, and was aware that the Mill was still being commissioned at the time the transaction closed.[xiii]Thus, the court reasoned:

If Newmont wanted the Company MAE definition to include materially adverse effects measured in terms of the Mill, it should have bargained for such a definition. Notwithstanding Newmonts assertion that the Mill was a hugely important piece of the [M]ine, and that it was the centerpiece and jewel of the transaction under the plain language of the SPA, Newmont must demonstrate that its Alleged MAEs had a materially adverse effect on the Mineas a whole.[xiv]

It thus concluded that Newmont had not established an MAE occurred because, [w]hile the percentage of gold expected to be recovered from Mill processing is not insignificant, and there may well be circumstances where an event involving the Mill does in fact constitute a materially adverse effect to the Mine as a whole, such circumstances are not present here.[xv]

Additionally, theNewmont Miningcourt highlighted that the buyers post-acquisition valuation of the Mine as a whole showed that no MAE had occurred. Specifically, the buyers post-acquisition valuation models showed that the Mine had increased in value after the transaction closed.[xvi] Thus, the court concluded that even if the Mill was underperforming, the buyers own analyses showed that the Mine as a whole did not suffer an MAE.[xvii]

EXCLUSIONS TO THE DEFINITION OF AN MAE

Second, MAE clauses usually exclude specified events, such as weather events, terrorism or military actions, general economic downturns, conditions existing generally within the companys industry, and other broad categories of market or credit conditions. InNewmont Mining,the SPA expressly listed certain exception to the definition of a Company MAE, including, among others, changes or circumstances relating to (a) the industries in which [the sellers] operate, (b) general economic effects or conditions affecting the Unites States or anywhere else in the world, (c) foreign exchange, equity or debt market conditions, (d) acts of God (including earthquakes, storms, fires, floods and natural catastrophes, and (e) the failure to meet any projections or forecasts (it being understood that that [sic] the facts or causes underlying or contributing to such failure may be considered in determining whether a Company Material Adverse Effect has occurred unless otherwise excluded pursuant to any of the other clauses of this definition).[xviii]

InNewmont Mining, the court found that the exclusions of projections and forecast was dispositive. The buyers alleged MAEs were tied to the Mills alleged inability to achieve two forecasted metrics, a design throughput of 250 short tons per hour, and a gold recovery rate of 76.5%. The court rejected the buyers argument that its alleged MAEs were premised on the underlying causes of the missed projections and not the projections themselves. The court so held because the buyers interpretation would transform an otherwise narrow carve-out into an exception that swallows the rule, as it would allow virtually any set of circumstances to constitute a Company MAE as long as it could identify a purported underlying cause for a failure to meet projections or forecasts.[xix] Thus, the court determined that the parties intent in including the parenthetical excepting underlying causes from the exclusion for projections was to clarify that, where an underlying cause or set of facts fits within the Company MAE definition but also results in a failure to meet a projection, that underlying cause or set of facts may still be asserted as a Company MAE even though it contributed to a missed projection.[xx] Thus, for example, if the Mill was destroyed, that event would not be excluded from the definition of an MAE simply because it also caused the Mill to not achieve certain projections.

EXCEPTIONS TO THE EXCLUSIONS

MAE provisions typically state that, with respect to some or all of the specified exclusions, they will not be excluded to the extent that they have disproportionately adversely affected the company and its subsidiaries (taken as a whole) as compared to others in the same industry. The exception to the specified exclusions was not an issue in theNewmont Miningdecision; however, such exceptions may become a focus of litigation in this post-COVID world. For example only, we expect that notwithstanding the severe economic impact that COVID-related disruptions have had on all businesses, buyers may attempt to find footing arguing that the impact on their recently-acquired or to-be acquired business was disproportionate or otherwise unique. The adjudication of such arguments will be fact intensive and require expert analysis.

CONCLUSION

COVID-19 will bring MAE provisions into the spotlight in M&A litigation as parties evaluate the impact to their soon-to-be or recently-acquired business. TheNewmont Miningdecision provides helpful guidance with respect to the requirement that alleged MAEs impact the acquisition target as a whole, and the interpretation of exclusions regarding the projections and forecasts that are typically included in MAE provisions.

[i]Newmont Mining Corp. v. AngloGold Ashanti Ltd., et al.,Opinion and Order, No. 1:17-cv-08065 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 18, 2020), ECF No. 143 (Newmont Mining).

[ii]In re Ibp S'holders Litig. v. Tyson Foods, 789 A.2d 14, 144-45 (Del. Ch. 2001) (Tyson Foods).

[iii]Chyronhego Corp. v. Wight, No. 2017-0548-SG, 2018 Del. Ch. LEXIS 258, at *22 (Del. Ch. July 31, 2018)

[iv]Tyson Foods, 789 A.2d at 144.

[v]Newmont Miningat 34.

[vi]Tyson Foods, 789 A.2d at 141-42, 144.

[vii]Newmont Miningat 35 (quotingTyson Foods,789 A.2d at 68).

[viii]Tyson Foods, 789 A.2d at 94.

[ix]Akorn, Inc. v. Fresenius Kabi AG, et al.,Memorandum Opinion, No. 2018-0300-JTL (Del. Ch. Oct. 1, 2018) (Akorn).

[x]Newmont Miningat 46 n.30.

[xi]Id.at 2-3, 32-33 (emphasis added).

[xii]Id.at 39.

[xiii]Id.

[xiv]Id.at 39-40 (emphasis in original).

[xv]Id. at 40.

[xvi]Id.at 51-52.

[xvii]Id.

[xviii]Newmont Mining Corp. v. AngloGold Ashanti Ltd., et al.,The AGA Defendants Local Rule 56.1 Statement in Support of Their Motion for Summary Judgment at 242,supranote i,ECF No. 110.

[xix]Newmont Miningat 37.

[xx]Id.

1994-2020 Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C. All Rights Reserved.

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SDNY Ruling in Newmont Mining Lawsuit - The National Law Review

Amazon.com: Life Extension Mega Green Tea Extract (Lightly …

Safety WarningDo Not Exceed Recommended Dose.When using nutritional supplements, please inform your physician if you are undergoing treatment for a medical condition or if you are pregnant or lactating.This product is labelled to United States standards and may differ from similar products sold elsewhere in its ingredients, labeling and allergen warningsIndicationsINDICATIONS= Used to supplement ones diet, exercise routine, sports, weightlifting, cycling, running, strength training, conditioning, football, soccer, rugby, basketball, tennis, general well being! To increase ones strength and endurance in their workouts, exercise program or during any sport related activities.Legal DisclaimerWARNING: Consuming this product can expose you to chemicals including lead, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer. For more information go to http://www.P65Warnings.ca.gov/food.

Statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition.

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Amazon.com: Life Extension Mega Green Tea Extract (Lightly ...

Lettters to the Editor | Opinion – westvalleyview.com

PC is not grumpy!

Editor:

This letter is in response to Sara Howells comments about PebbleCreek having an age discrimination problem. I have lived in PebbleCreek for almost seven years and have never had the problems she said she experienced.

First, and most importantly, PebbleCreek is a 55-and-older community. There is a certain amount of under-55 people allowed within the community, but most of the population is, yes, over 55! I dont know how Sara was ever allowed to rent in PebbleCreek being 37 years old unless it was done under the table! Why would she ever want to rent in this community being the age that she is? And Sara knew it was a 55-and-over community prior to moving in.

There must have been other circumstances for her being scolded for driving 21 mph in a 25 mph zone. Many people will drive that slowly and nothing is said to them. People even drive over the speed limit and do not get scolded unless caught by the patrol. So, the comment seems very jaded to me.

As far as her being aggressively screamed at for walking in an area that Im not supposed to be walking in, I would presume that to be the golf course. The person was probably playing golf, was quite a distance from her and yelled loud enough for her to hear and stop walking on the golf course. A 37-year-old, if it was the golf course, should have lived enough to know you never take a walk on a golf course, unless you are playing golf. If everyone did it the fairways would be damaged, etc. Her complaints have nothing to do with her being under 40. She was not following the rules of the community. Even a renter has an obligation to know and follow the community rules.

Renting to someone who is 37 is not stopping a house from being foreclosed upon. Most of the houses in PebbleCreek are paid for. The community has no problem with a person who pays her bills (we all do) or serves the community as an educator (there are many retired educators in the community myself included).

You were not preyed upon by people in this community. You were not following the rules. There are some grumpy individuals in the community, but the great majority of people are absolutely delightful! Before you criticize PebbleCreek as a community, get to know some people. You may change your mind. And if you continue to be unhappy in this age-restricted community, maybe you should find a nonage-restricted community to live in.

Barb Roberts

Goodyear

Review the rules

Editor:

This person was called out because of her behavior, not because of her age. There a many published rules and regulations in PebbleCreek that are designed to protect property and public safety. It is every residents responsibility to review these and adhere to them.

My sense is that the resident was driving well beyond the posted 25 mph speed limit when she was scolded. Did she brake quickly and then notice her speed? Was she distracted? Many PebbleCreek residents are in their 70s and 80s and do not have the quick reaction time of someone in their 30s.

Also, was she walking along the cart path on one of the golf courses when she was screamed at? For everyones safety, this is not allowed. This rule is in the HOA guidelines. Warning signs are not necessary or required. This is a golf course, not a carton of cigarettes. My sense is that this resident would be the first to sue the HOA if she were hit by a golf ball.

The vast majority of residents of PebbleCreek are here because of the outstanding population of great people from across the United States and Canada. We enjoy each other, our children and grandchildren when they visit us; the many activities provided to us; and living in a safe and vibrant community that is part of Goodyear.

We do not prey on those under 40.

Michael Quinn

Goodyear

Dont be so callous

Editor:

I just finished reading Charles Peabodys letter to the editor in the April 8 issue. What an astoundingly inaccurate piece of nonsense. Factually incorrect and appallingly callous.

Contrary to the claptrap on Facebook, COVID-19 is not a cold; it is a serious respiratory illness. According to his letter, a 1% serious illness rate is not a problem because most of the remaining 1% are susceptible to just about any medical issue due to their advanced age and preexisting conditions. That is factually incorrect. It is affecting people of all ages and is responsible for deaths in all age groups and physical conditions, although those with compromised immune systems and underlying disorders are more likely to die.

That said, Mr. Peabody seems to think thats acceptable if we can get people back to work and children back in school. He also said, Giving a couple thousand people their 87th Christmas is not much comfort to tens of millions of breadwinners who wont be able to afford holiday gifts Really? Hes worried about Christmas presents more than peoples lives? And this doozy: Maybe these elderly survivors will read one or two more books before they pass on It sounds like hed support just rounding up all us geezers and sending us to a camp to die and be done with us.

Its time for some real facts, as opposed to the alternative facts being spewed by the right and found on Facebook and other unverifiable social media sites. As of the morning of April 9, the mortality rate among infected people in the United States was about 3.53%. The population of the United States is about 330 million. That extrapolates to about 11.6 million deaths if everyone in the country is exposed to it. Even if we assume Mr. Peabodys 1% number is correct (which it isnt) that would still be 3.3 million deaths. I cant imagine any civilized society finding this acceptable for any reason, much less trading those lives for money. Remember, economies recover, but dead people dont.

Now some questions for Mr. Peabody and others who share his misguided opinions on this: Which elderly people in your family are you OK with dying for your convenience? What age would you arbitrarily establish as becoming officially expendable to the greater needs of the younger generation? How old are you and when will you be ready to consider yourself obsolete and redundant and make the sacrifice for the younger generation to make some money?

Lastly, his letter stated: Indeed COVID-19 itself is not virulent enough to have a lasting physical impact on our society. Thats not being an optimist; thats sticking your head in the sand.

Jude Clark

Buckeye

Scary philosophy

Editor:

Mr. Peabody carefully avoids the words death panel, but what other social function would fulfill his fantasy of considering the hypothetical benefits of giving aged and sickly people a slight life extension versus more comfort to breadwinners? He even tosses off the suggested age of 86 as the right age to sacrifice oneself to the economy. Well, that hits a little close to home for this family. Mr. Peabodys factual errors speak for themselves, but his philosophy should terrify his neighbors. I hope he keeps his death wishes away from our loved ones.

Jason Bentley

Litchfield Park

We are not one

Editor:

I love my country. I love the patriotic strains of the popular hymns America the Beautiful and others. I love the sense of unity assumed within the designation of American. When my kids were young, they asked me why I repeatedly viewed old WWII documentaries. Do you enjoy human suffering, dad? I replied no, but that I did enjoy the sense of unity among Americans at that time of stress and conflict. We were one.

Today we are not one, not just because we disagree in political opinion, but because we disagree on the cause and purpose of America; this is beyond disheartening. Hatred and self-loathing have since permeated our ranks in a most disagreeable manner. Hatred is corrosive, it clouds sound judgment, and prohibits ones ability to be objective and rational because it is emotionally driven.

Now, at this unprecedented time of pandemic displacement and uncertainty, it is refreshing that recent polls indicate a majority of Americans approve of the presidents efforts to address COVID-19 and economic issues since we all want America to succeed. There are some who seemingly do not want America to succeed. Rather than help and support, they impede and scorn, clearly driven by ugly hatred which blinds their eyes to fact, logic, liberty, free enterprise and patriotism. These hate-filled and ignorant comments are largely directed toward the president and his supporters. Supreme court justices have been threatened. The president is now being accused of crimes against humanity and second-degree murder,

Alec Baldwin going so far as to say, If you vote for Trump again you are mentally ill. Really? Can you imagine the backlash if a conservative had made such outlandish statements? How on Earth are we supposed to take the extreme left seriously? The ongoing leftist effort to overturn the 2016 election has morphed from ridiculous, to shameless unabashed absurdity, to the surreal because of personal hatred; if this president discovered a cure for cancer the left would villainize him and call for an inquiry. Friends, to disagree is American. But to hate, or support those that hate, is neither constructive nor respectable.

Jason Russell

Goodyear

Original post:
Lettters to the Editor | Opinion - westvalleyview.com

Milk Thistle Health Tonic, Market Detailed Analysis of Current Industry Figures With Forecasts Growth by 2026| Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations,…

Complete study of the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, market is carried out by the analysts in this report, taking into consideration key factors like drivers, challenges, recent trends, opportunities, advancements, and competitive landscape. This report offers a clear understanding of the present as well as future scenario of the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, industry. Research techniques like PESTLE and Porters Five Forces analysis have been deployed by the researchers. They have also provided accurate data on Milk Thistle Health Tonic, production, capacity, price, cost, margin, and revenue to help the players gain a clear understanding into the overall existing and future market situation.

Key companies operating in the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, market include Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations, Regis, Solgar, Aksuvital, BEC, NC, Life Extension, Swisse, HerbsofGold Milk Thistle Health Tonic

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Segmental Analysis

The report has classified the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, industry into segments including product type and application. Every segment is evaluated based on growth rate and share. Besides, the analysts have studied the potential regions that may prove rewarding for the Milk Thistle Health Tonic, manufcaturers in the coming years. The regional analysis includes reliable predictions on value and volume, thereby helping market players to gain deep insights into the overall Milk Thistle Health Tonic, industry.

Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, Market Segment By Type:

, Tablets, Capsules, Others Milk Thistle Health Tonic

Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, Market Segment By Application:

Dietary Supplement, Health Food

Competitive Landscape

It is important for every market participant to be familiar with the competitive scenario in the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, industry. In order to fulfil the requirements, the industry analysts have evaluated the strategic activities of the competitors to help the key players strengthen their foothold in the market and increase their competitiveness.

Key companies operating in the global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, market include Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations, Regis, Solgar, Aksuvital, BEC, NC, Life Extension, Swisse, HerbsofGold Milk Thistle Health Tonic

Key questions answered in the report:

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TOC

1 Study Coverage1.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Product Introduction1.2 Market Segments1.3 Key Milk Thistle Health Tonic Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue1.4 Covid-19 Implications on Market by Type1.4.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Growth Rate by Type1.4.2 Tablets1.4.3 Capsules1.4.4 Others1.5 Covid-19 Implications on Market by Application1.5.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Growth Rate by Application1.5.2 Dietary Supplement1.5.3 Health Food1.6 Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19): Milk Thistle Health Tonic Industry Impact1.6.1 How the Covid-19 is Affecting the Milk Thistle Health Tonic Industry1.6.1.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Business Impact Assessment Covid-191.6.1.2 Supply Chain Challenges1.6.1.3 COVID-19s Impact On Crude Oil and Refined Products1.6.2 Market Trends and Milk Thistle Health Tonic Potential Opportunities in the COVID-19 Landscape1.6.3 Covid-19 Impact on Key Regions1.6.4 Proposal for Milk Thistle Health Tonic Players to Combat Covid-19 Impact 1.7 Study Objectives 1.8 Years Considered 2 Executive Summary2.1 Covid-19 Implications on Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size, Estimates and Forecasts2.1.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue 2015-20262.1.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales 2015-20262.2 Covid-19 Implications on Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic, Market Size by Producing Regions: 2015 VS 2020 VS 20262.2.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-20202.2.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020 3 Covid-19 Implications on Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Competitor Landscape by Players3.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Manufacturers3.1.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.1.2 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Manufacturers3.2.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2.2 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)3.2.3 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) (2015-2020)3.2.4 Global Top 10 and Top 5 Companies by Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue in 20193.2.5 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)3.3 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Price by Manufacturers3.4 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Manufacturing Base Distribution, Product Types3.4.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Manufacturers Manufacturing Base Distribution, Headquarters3.4.2 Manufacturers Milk Thistle Health Tonic Product Type3.4.3 Date of International Manufacturers Enter into Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market 3.5 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans 4 Covid-19 Implications on Market Size by Type (2015-2026)4.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size by Type (2015-2020)4.1.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Type (2015-2020)4.1.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Type (2015-2020)4.1.3 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Average Selling Price (ASP) by Type (2015-2026)4.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.2.3 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Average Selling Price (ASP) Forecast by Type (2021-2026)4.3 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End 5 Covid-19 Implications on Market Size by Application (2015-2026)5.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size by Application (2015-2020)5.1.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Application (2015-2020)5.1.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Application (2015-2020)5.1.3 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Price by Application (2015-2020)5.2 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast by Application (2021-2026)5.2.3 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Price Forecast by Application (2021-2026) 6 North America6.1 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic by Country6.1.1 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Country6.1.2 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Country6.1.3 U.S.6.1.4 Canada6.2 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Type6.3 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Application 7 Europe7.1 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic by Country7.1.1 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Country7.1.2 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Country7.1.3 Germany7.1.4 France7.1.5 U.K.7.1.6 Italy7.1.7 Russia7.2 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Type7.3 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Application 8 Asia Pacific8.1 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic by Region8.1.1 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Region8.1.2 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Region8.1.3 China8.1.4 Japan8.1.5 South Korea8.1.6 India8.1.7 Australia8.1.8 Taiwan8.1.9 Indonesia8.1.10 Thailand8.1.11 Malaysia8.1.12 Philippines8.1.13 Vietnam8.2 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Type8.3 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Application 9 Latin America9.1 Latin America Milk Thistle Health Tonic by Country9.1.1 Latin America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Country9.1.2 Latin America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Country9.1.3 Mexico9.1.4 Brazil9.1.5 Argentina9.2 Central & South America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Type9.3 Central & South America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Application 10 Middle East and Africa10.1 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic by Country10.1.1 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales by Country10.1.2 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue by Country10.1.3 Turkey10.1.4 Saudi Arabia10.1.5 U.A.E10.2 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Type10.3 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Facts & Figures by Application 11 Company Profiles11.1 Health Genesis11.1.1 Health Genesis Corporation Information11.1.2 Health Genesis Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.1.3 Health Genesis Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.1.4 Health Genesis Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.1.5 Health Genesis Recent Development11.2 Pure Encapsulations11.2.1 Pure Encapsulations Corporation Information11.2.2 Pure Encapsulations Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.2.3 Pure Encapsulations Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.2.4 Pure Encapsulations Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.2.5 Pure Encapsulations Recent Development11.3 Regis11.3.1 Regis Corporation Information11.3.2 Regis Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.3.3 Regis Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.3.4 Regis Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.3.5 Regis Recent Development11.4 Solgar11.4.1 Solgar Corporation Information11.4.2 Solgar Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.4.3 Solgar Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.4.4 Solgar Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.4.5 Solgar Recent Development11.5 Aksuvital11.5.1 Aksuvital Corporation Information11.5.2 Aksuvital Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.5.3 Aksuvital Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.5.4 Aksuvital Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.5.5 Aksuvital Recent Development11.6 BEC11.6.1 BEC Corporation Information11.6.2 BEC Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.6.3 BEC Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.6.4 BEC Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.6.5 BEC Recent Development11.7 NC11.7.1 NC Corporation Information11.7.2 NC Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.7.3 NC Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.7.4 NC Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.7.5 NC Recent Development11.8 Life Extension11.8.1 Life Extension Corporation Information11.8.2 Life Extension Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.8.3 Life Extension Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.8.4 Life Extension Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.8.5 Life Extension Recent Development11.9 Swisse11.9.1 Swisse Corporation Information11.9.2 Swisse Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.9.3 Swisse Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.9.4 Swisse Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.9.5 Swisse Recent Development11.10 HerbsofGold11.10.1 HerbsofGold Corporation Information11.10.2 HerbsofGold Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.10.3 HerbsofGold Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.10.4 HerbsofGold Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.10.5 HerbsofGold Recent Development11.1 Health Genesis11.1.1 Health Genesis Corporation Information11.1.2 Health Genesis Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue11.1.3 Health Genesis Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)11.1.4 Health Genesis Milk Thistle Health Tonic Products Offered11.1.5 Health Genesis Recent Development 12 Future Forecast by Regions (Countries) (2021-2026)12.1 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Estimates and Projections by Region12.1.1 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast by Regions 2021-202612.1.2 Global Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast by Regions 2021-202612.2 North America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.1 North America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.2 North America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.2.3 North America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.3 Europe Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.1 Europe: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.2 Europe: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.3.3 Europe: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.4 Asia Pacific Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.1 Asia Pacific: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.2 Asia Pacific: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.4.3 Asia Pacific: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Region (2021-2026)12.5 Latin America Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.1 Latin America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.2 Latin America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.5.3 Latin America: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)12.6 Middle East and Africa Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.1 Middle East and Africa: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Sales Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.2 Middle East and Africa: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)12.6.3 Middle East and Africa: Milk Thistle Health Tonic Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026) 13 Market Opportunities, Challenges, Risks and Influences Factors Analysis13.1 Market Opportunities and Drivers13.2 Market Challenges13.3 Market Risks/Restraints13.4 Porters Five Forces Analysis13.5 Primary Interviews with Key Milk Thistle Health Tonic Players (Opinion Leaders) 14 Value Chain and Sales Channels Analysis 14.1 Value Chain Analysis14.2 Milk Thistle Health Tonic Customers 14.3 Sales Channels Analysis 14.3.1 Sales Channels 14.3.2 Distributors 15 Research Findings and Conclusion 16 Appendix 16.1 Research Methodology 16.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach 16.1.2 Data Source 16.2 Author Details 16.3 Disclaimer

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Milk Thistle Health Tonic, Market Detailed Analysis of Current Industry Figures With Forecasts Growth by 2026| Health Genesis, Pure Encapsulations,...

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